In this era, the Chinese went from the scattered tribes and clans of early Bronze Age agriculturalists to the status of the foremost civilization of the East. The religion and culture of these periods was rather diverse; while in the time of Shang and Zhou the traditional ancestral cults predominated, the later part of Zhou period and especially the Qin and Han eras saw the development of complex philosophies such as Confucianism and Taoism, which later became the key influences on Chinese culture and civilization, as well as the spread of Buddhism, which greatly influenced Chinese philosophy and art.
The Chinese became proficient in creating complex buildings and crafting elaborate artwork as early as the times of Shang Dynasty. The famed bronze castings of the Shang are especially notable for their elaborate detail and strong connection with the spiritual beliefs of the Shang people (see Figure 1). Ranging from sacrificial vessels to more mundane vine cups, the Shang and early Zhou bronzes featured complex references to ancient Chinese mythology that was later developed in more modern Chinese art and literature.
The early Chinese bronze craftwork, together with coinage, jade disks, mirrors, musical instruments and pottery of the aforementioned early Chinese history periods, will be presented to the viewers’ attention. We are looking forward to the responses on the state of the Chinese exhibition.
The history of early Japanese civilization encompasses Kofun (250 – 338 CE), Asuka (538 – 710 CE), and Nara (710 – 794 CE) periods, in the course of which the Yamato chiefdom rose to dominance over the main territories of modern Japan. Buddhism was introduced to the country in mid 6th century CE, while the traditional cults of kami (nature spirit-gods) and ancestors were never displaced or erased from the memory of the Japanese people. Unlike China of the comparable period, Japan proved to be more