Note here that Zarah chose the father instead of the mother. In the same scene also, their parents were talking about her mother’s slip disk where the wife’s opinion of wanting to have a surgery was readily overruled by the husband.
Throughout the film, we can see the struggle of the film where the family is disenfranchised due to their poverty and their options are limited because their social network only revolves around each other and to their creditors and employers.
Gender segregation is depicted in the film particularly in the scene where Zarah saw her pink shoes being worn by a classmate. It implies that children are already isolated from the other male gender and this implies that the building facilities also support segregation when it is in practice. For example, the school building of Zarah must have facilities and restrooms that were designed for girls instead of boys.
The disparity between the poor and the rich is very wide and this is manifested in their neighborhoods. In Ali’s neighborhood, it is characterized by abject poverty where they are cramped together in a small house. Their infrastructure is also unhealthy because there are open canals where Zarah chased her shoes. They have no gates and have to pass by an alley before getting to their house.
The rich neighborhood was portrayed in the film to be located in North Tehran, Iran. Its location is quite far from the poor neighborhood and their long walk and ride in their bike is symbolic of the disparity between the rich and the poor in their society. The rich neighborhood, particularly the grandfather who hired Ali’s father to be a gardener had gated houses, with facilities such as swimming pool, playground and huge enough to have a garden and even trees while Ali and her sister are cramped in a small house in their neighborhood.
We could see how