We can observe a pipe on the painting however, this is not the pipe itself but the picture of a pipe. Magritte said: “The famous pipe. How people reproached me for it! And yet, could you stuff my pipe? No, its just a representation, is it not? So if I had written on my picture "This is a pipe", Id have been lying! ". This masterpiece of Surrealism creates a paradox out of the conventional notion that objects correspond to words and images. The important distinction between them, which is present in the Magritte’s works, is follows: words reference the world and images represent the world. His ideas about real and unreal differ from the classical concepts. Rene Magritte argued that: "Sometimes the image of the object takes the place of its name. The word can take place of the object in the reality. From the mismatch the artist came to the denial. By writing "This is not a pipe" he brings havoc to all the traditional relationship between word and image.
The word "representational," when it’s used as a determination for a work of art, means that the painting depicts something taken from a real world which most spectators can easily recognize. Representation can be regarded as a smooth transition between artist’s thoughts and the real embodiment of a piece of art, whereas the understanding of representation by audience may not coincide with the initial artist’s idea. At the same time the artist tries to convey the idea so that it could be understood by the audience, so, representational pieces of art requires one’s efforts to understand it since it is initially presupposes to contain some particular sense. This type of art is clearly seen on the paintings Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife by Van Eyck and The Rocky Mountains by Bierstadt.
Abstract art in its turn, tends to "harmonization", to creation of a combination of certain colors and geometric shapes in order to cause a variety of contemplative