Besides this Gate, the Mycenaean also buried their dead with masks. A notable funerary mask is the golden Mask of Agamemnon that Heinrich Schliemann discovered in 1876. See Appendix B. The Mask is from Grave Circle A of Mycenae, Greece and dated at around 1600-1500 B.C.E. It is beaten gold with stylized features of the human face. These works have similarities in their Minoan influence and attention to details, although they have marked differences because they have different compositions and functions.
These works are the same in terms of Minoan influence. The artists of these artworks are not known, except that these works were dated during the Bronze Age. Minoan art and culture have a strong influence on Mycenaean art, particularly on the sculpture of two lions in the Lion Gate (Jenkins; Fichner-Rathus 288). The Gate is a post and lintel structure. It has large stones piled in courses above the lintel and beveled to create a triangular structure. It has two nine-foot lion guardians. It is Minoan because of how these lions flank a Minoan-style column (Fichner-Rathus 288). It is not known if the Mycenaean also believed that lions were ideal guardians because they did not sleep (Thomas 4). The lion’s heads could be removed and may be made from bronze or gold, since a number of Mycenaean works were made of these elements (Thomas 4). These lion structures are, in addition, Minoan because of the emphasis on the movement of going up the column and facing people entering the gate. It shows that these lions are watching all those who enter and that they are protecting the whole of Mycenae. Furthermore, the column may symbolize a god or goddess (Fichner-Rathus 288). It could stand for the protective sphere of the city. The Lion Gate is Minoan in its structure and symbolism.
Like the Lion Gate, the Mask of Agamemnon also shows Minoan style in its