An analysis of the media portrayals of crime and violence reveals that the phenomenon has been a critical component of television broadcasting, resulting in a widespread psychological impact on the minds of audiences that also extends to the incidence or occurrence of violent behavior. This paper will focus on comprehensively discussing the impact that depictions of crime and violence have had on the behavior of audiences. Specifically, the hypothesis presented in the paper asserts that viewing of violence and crime on television is positively correlated with an increase in violent behavior on the part of the audience. Additionally, the resources that are to be reviewed for the purposes of this paper will include, but are not limited to Centerwall (1992): Television and Violence, Philips (1983): The Impact of Mass Media on U.S Homicides and Kahlor and Eastin (2011): Television’s role in the culture violence towards women, David Bauder (Dec 21, 2012): Violence Baked into Popular Culture and Savage, J. (2004): Does viewing violent media really cause criminal violence?. In conclusion, the paper presents an evaluation of the preceding discussion. Gross and Gerbner (1981) assert that in the light of empirical evidence and researches, it is a plausible assertion to make, that violence on television shares a strong relationship with the occurrence of aggressive behavior in both adults and children, however, the scale of this impact appears to narrow. This research essentially defines the age group of the audience who is at a greater risk of being targeted by violent depictions in the media in comparison with other age groups. According to Huesmann et al. (2003) the results of a longitudinal study lasting from the period of 1977-1992 indicated that while, male children are more likely to show aggressive and violent behavior due to extensive viewing of violence-laden television, the chances of this behavior transitioning into adulthood are foreseeable for both the sexes. The primary reasons governing the positive correlation between the viewing of violence on television and an increase in violent behavior on the part of the audience include; the audiences’ ability to relate to the characters portraying violence and the extent to which they are able to develop an association between the virtual world of television and reality (Huesmann et al. 2003). Savage (2004) notes that researchers need to recognize the distinction between aggressive behavior and violent crime when assessing the two consequences with regards to the viewership of violence-laden television, as an evaluation of extensive empirical evidence does not prove the hypothesis that television violence is responsible for causing an increase in criminal acts. On the contrary, Centerwell’s (1992) assessment of three geographical samples of U.S, Canada and South Africa concluded that for two participant nations out of the three, the introduction of television resulted in a drastic increase in the homicide rate, with a 93% rise reported in U.S and 92% increase observed in the number of homicides in Canada. With regards to the current scenario of the television industry, concerns have risen regarding the essentially positive portrayals of criminals in mainstream television. Showtime’s TV series Dexter has garnered a massive fan following and critical appraise but several factions of society have criticized the show’s main premise which encourages viewers to empathize with its protagonist Dexter Morgan who is employed as a bloodstain pattern analyst by Miami Metro but also masquerades as a serial killer. Bauder (2012) observes that the popularity of shows such as Dexter and Homeland is reflective of what the audience wants. A report by the Nielsen Company concluded that of the ten most watched prime-time shows of this season seven are based on themes of either crime or violence (Bauder 2012). Cummings (2011) reports at least three instances where alleged fans of the
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An analysis of the media portrayals of crime and violence reveals that the phenomenon has been a critical component of television broadcasting, resulting in a widespread psychological impact on the minds of audiences that also extends to the incidence or occurrence of violent behavior…
As opposed to humans being elevated by their increases in knowledge and through the disenchantment of their world, Adorno and Horkheimer, along with others who spoke on this topic, proclaimed that the corruption of the media with commodity fetishism had infected society with a ‘sameness’ in which true art could no longer be created (Horkheimer, Adorno, and Noerr 94).
To the broadcasters, they believe that the only way to win many viewers is through broadcasting sex and violence related programs. Statistics have revealed that the largest number watching these programs is between the age of 12 and 25 years. This brings the biggest problem because the lessons learned from the programs are not beneficial to them.
Violence on Television Increases Violence in Children In Little Colorado, two armed teenagers with semiautomatic weapons and explosives first killed 13 people at Columbine High school on April 20, 1999 and then took their own lives. This is not the only instance of carnage, rather it was followed by a series of unfortunate incidents of violence, a 15 year old wounded six students in a Georgia High school, a teacher was shot dead by a seventh grader in a middle school in Florida; and a fifteen year old boy opened fire at a high school in Santee, Columbia killing two students and injuring 13 others in March 2001.
Parents and educators continue to stress that the damage violent media inflicts on children will continue into adulthood. Multiple studies have demonstrated that violent media makes violent adults. This problem is larger than just turning off the violence.
Center for Disease Control (CDC) also voiced concern and concluded the same.
According to Media Awareness Network, George Gerbner of Temple University included cartoon violence in his data-set and defined "violence as the act (or threat) of injuring or killing someone, independent of the method used or the surrounding context" whereas professors Guy Paquette and Jacques de Guise of University of Laval do not include cartoon violence in their research due to "its comical and unrealistic presentation."
The airwaves, even cartoons, are filled with sex, violence, and an array of behavior that is considered to be deviant by society's standards. Numerous studies have previously confirmed that television does have an impact on the viewer. In fact, if it did not have an impact there would be no advertisers spending billions of dollars to promote the latest and greatest products.
According to a widespread survey, 57 percent of American TV programs between 6 A.M. and 11 P.M. contain violent scenes. In fact, most TV violence does not show victims experiencing any serious harm, and few programs condemn violence or depict other ways of solving problems.
Studies estimate that the average child spends 900 hours in school and nearly 1,023 hours in front of a TV in a year. According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), kids in the United States watch about 4 hours of TV a day (Gentile and Walsh 157-178).
Infrequent opposing outlooks are provided, such as the claims of Fowles (1999) that such violent scenes serve as liberating instances for the viewer, despite of age, “fantasy mayhem on the television screen—sometimes in the form of cartoons
ver, there is significant data illustrating that prison are not meeting a substantial reduction in recidivism rates (re-offending), raising questions as to why it is the predominant method of punishing criminal activity.
In the 21st Century, there has been an enormous change in
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