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Almond Harvesting - Essay Example

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Almond Harvesting

College of agriculture 174). Harvesting Almond Orchards in the United States The use of suitable harvesting techniques and efficient post-harvest handling are found to be quite essential to the attainment of the highest possible high-quality and yield of almonds. This is found to be a critical factor as it is seen to determine the overall marketability of the nuts and their profit. It is important that almonds be harvest as soon as is possible after their maturity so as to avoid any potential loss in quality and effectively minimize the fruit’s exposure to the harmful orange worm and unintentional subsequent contamination with aflatoxin. After the almond crop has been successfully shaken into rows, the fallen nuts are then raked into a number of windrows that are subsequently allowed to dry. Ideally, the nuts should be left to attain a hull moisture content that should fundamentally not exceed a moisture content of about 12% while the kernel moisture content should be reduced to a level whereby it is seen not to exceed an approximated 6%. Depending on the prevailing atmospheric conditions, the drying of these nuts can be approximated to take anywhere from a time period of a few days up to two weeks. During the harvesting of almonds, a harvest sample that is take after the fruits have shaken and before they have been windrowed is maintained so as to be able to provide an accurate progress report of the season’s Integrated Pest Management (IPM) program, the sample will also serve to not only

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effectively indicate the current pests seen to have invaded the orchard, but also in the determination of the next year’s management activities (almondboard.com, 2012). Almond production Processing and their delivery to Stores After the crop has sufficiently dried, Pickup machines are then used to aid in sweeping the windrows into a number of trailers or carts that then transport the crop to the sheller/huller. In the event that there is an excessive crop of the produce in a given year, the excess is normally seen to be stockpiled at either the huller or at the orchard and is carefully fumigated and monitored to prevent moisture build up and aflatoxin fungi contamination. The almond nuts can either be hand or mechanically hulled immediately after harvesting when the hulls are found to be rather pliable and can be easily removed. In the event that it is perceived to be quite inconvenient to hull them, the almonds can be thoroughly dried on sheets or trays before they are eventually bagged. The hulling of excessively dried almonds can be made easier by lightly sprinkling these nuts with some water before they are eventually handled (Dick, 2005). The nuts of hulls that are seen to have quite tightly stuck to the shells primarily as a result of poor soil, moisture insect attack or lack of moisture are commonly referred as “Sticktights” (UC IPMP 6). It is deemed to essentially not be worthwhile to engage in hulling sticktights are they are usually seen to crack (Dick, 2005). The hulled and shelled nuts are then subsequently transported to the various processing facilities where they are carefully stored pending their further processing. Immediately after the nuts have been hulled, they should then be spread on sheets or trays so as to help them dry as quickly as possible. The shells are deemed to be dry enough if once removed from the shells, the

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Name: Institution: Course: Tutor: Date: Almond Harvesting What are Almonds? Almonds are essentially stone fruit that are normally eaten as nuts. Almonds are seen to grow inside the inedible fruits produce by the almond tree and are closely related to plums and peach…
Author : cheyenne26
Almond Harvesting essay example
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