A climate change adaptation plan needs a set of responses that will highly improve rice production despite the changing climatic conditions rather than just maintaining the existing level of production. In rice production, adaptation to climate change is quite complex, and it is essential for it to entail a range of social, economic and environmental factors. It must also entail technological and financial constituents that are creative. This may include: improved awareness and application of indigenous knowledge and managing strategies.
Climate change and global warming have negative impacts on rice production. Typhoons are a current occurrence in Luzon Island cause damages to the crops which in turn minimizes crop yields, cause destruction to forests; forests are responsible for maintaining water table balance, cause an increase in the cost of the rice transportation and affects access to water. Rainfall shortages and the long dry spells in the area make farmers rely more on irrigation that is quite expensive and cause rice paddies to have very little water because of high vapor transpiration. Floods in the area make the islands water sources to be saline which in turn results to degradation of cultivated land by making the soil saline and damages crops and cause yields to decrease. It is imperative for adaptation strategies to be employed. These include Biophysical, economic and socio-cultural adaptation strategies (Chen et al. 28). Adaptation process involves strategic, incremental and transformational adaptation. According to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report, transformational adaptation results to changing of the basic features of the system while responding to climate change and its impacts Incremental adaptation is considered to be developing of activities and behaviors that are present downsize the losses or ameliorate the benefits that are as a result of natural climate shift and extreme events.
One of the adaptation responses would be a