It is like the skeleton on which a system is developed. Enterprise Architecture is the concept of framework that defines the operations of an organization. The application of this framework is with the overall intention for the organization to achieve its future objectives, and be successful. Information has become a crucial part of most modern enterprises and organizations. It has a direct impact on the activities of a business and all the related functions. Discussion The ability to effectively manage the integrity and quality of this information is vital for the survival and success of any organization. Enterprise Architecture brings together the Information Technology components into the management of normal business activities. In the Department of Motor Vehicles, management of information and data is very vital. The user data must always be accurate and updated. The management of all the business aspects is improved by application of the Enterprise Architecture structure. The DMV has almost 2000 employees and all of them have to input their information into a database for management. The Enterprise Architecture program is a management system that comprises of many subsystems. It is often viewed as a ‘system of systems’. These components function together to give a fully functional system. Some of the subsystems that are in the DMV are; credentialing, tax processing and oversight of related programs. These functions are modules that work together to deliver services to the clients.
These systems all need to be automated to be able to deliver accurate service efficiently to clients. Due to the high demand for IT services in the business environment integration is a necessity. This is also in line with keeping up with current standards in the management of data and information. In the first stage of the System Development Life Cycle (SDLC), which is called Project Identification and Selection, the identification of the project is done. In this initial stage, the feasibility of the system is done. The cost benefit analysis is also conducted. These processes are essential in the beginning of a project, and they are achieved with the implementation of the Enterprise Architecture. The preparation of a strategic plan is a vital step in any organization, and it takes up considerable resources. The purpose of this phase is to establish and maintain an understanding of the projects’ requirements, between the system developer, the stakeholder, which is the US government in this case, and the customer. This communication is very essential in the development of the system. This ascertains that the interests of all the parties involved are met. It significantly reduces the chances of the system failure and bad design (Arison & Torkzadet, 2008). The development of the Enterprise Architecture is also in line with the SDLC, but it covers more areas. The SDLC is generally designed to guide the development of individual systems that will make up a large system. In the development of the Enterprise Architecture, all these areas are covered and the organization’s business aspects, as well. It provides guideline for decision making, accountability, investment management and other management activities. In the design phase of the system, the Enterprise Architecture caters for the development of most of the components, essential in the system. In the given case study of the DMV, these components or subsystems are discussed below. Interfaces, these provide a platform for the users and clients to access the system and interact with it. Different users are given different privileges according to their purpose of interaction. Due to the sensitive nature of the information stored in the system, security