1.1 Introduction Many recent debates in publications and at the conferences are questioning the global presence of English. English has become the international language of the twenty-first century. It has been both the cause and effect of globalization and of internationalization…
The primary means by which these flows and networks are established and maintained is through the use of a common contact language. English, the most widely diffused contact language, is the primary linguistic channel through which these flows take place… English is thus a globalized phenomenon that is continuously being LOCALIZED during its countless interactions. The fact that globalization is a very fast process prescribes that children need to be proficient in the English language to be competent in their international dealings (Doman, 2005). Due to the wide proliferation of learning English language, various cultures have adopted the language and integrated their own cultural flavor in it. World Englishes are forms of the English language that non-native English speakers use with native English being American and /or British English. Members of a certain culture use English to suit their own communication styles. Considering the variety of cultures in the world, there are now more non-native English-speakers than native speakers (Jenkins, 2006; Canagarajah, 2007). This includes Saudi Arabian nationals. 1.2 Aims and Objectives 1.3 The Field of World Englishes 'New Englishes' or 'World Englishes' is usually used to refer to the new varieties of English. Mesthrie and Bhatt (2008) state that "it has become customary to use the plural form 'Englishes' to stress the diversity to be found in the language today, and to stress that English no longer has one single base of authority, prestige and normativity." The authors clarify that World Englishes "represents all varieties except the L1 varieties of places like the UK and USA" (Mesthrie and Bhatt, 2008). Accrdoging to Hoffmann and Siebers (2009), "what is often referred to as "the" English language is in fact a heterogeneous and linguistically fascinating group of first (L1), second (L2) and foreign language varieties. A more appropriate cover term is thus World Englishes, which highlights the diversity and world-wide distribution of these varieties" (Hoffmann and Siebers (2009). Salikoko S. Mufwene refers to the notion of ecology, which is the concept borrowed from biology to provide a clear insight into the formation of New Englishes. Focussing on the indigenization of English in North America, Mufwene claims that American English emerged as a variety distinct from British English dialects due to an interaction of several ecological factors (fauna, flora, and socio-economic structures as well as the speaking habits and communicative needs of some of its speakers). Hoffmann and Siebers (2009). Therefore; the specific vernacular of English that arose in Northern America is a result of the universal ecological mechanisms of language contact. Mesthrie and Bhatt emphasise that sociolinguists need to acknowledge that community attitudes and expectations are important. Kachru himself acknowledged that there are many ambiguities, where language attitudes are concerned: The non-native speakers themselves have not been able to accept what may be termed the 'ecological validity' of their nativised or local Englishes. One would have expected such acceptance, given the acculturation and linguistic nativisation of the new varieties. On the other hand, the non-native models of English (such ...
Cite this document
(“Saudi EFL Learners Awareness of World Englishes-(Second Language Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/english/106166-saudi-efl-learners-awareness-of-world-englishes
(Saudi EFL Learners Awareness of World Englishes-(Second Language Essay)
“Saudi EFL Learners Awareness of World Englishes-(Second Language Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/106166-saudi-efl-learners-awareness-of-world-englishes.
It not only helps students understand the concepts but also helps them communicate with each other properly. There are some advantages and disadvantages of teaching students in their primary languages. Let us discuss those advantages and disadvantages in detail.
The theoretical framework that provided the impetus for Cecil L. Nelson to write the book was premised on the evolution of concepts pertaining to the world Englishes paradigm. The pioneering works written by Kachru and Smith and Bolton have explicitly qualified pluralizing English, to wit: “”Englishes” symbolizes the functional and formal variation in the language, and its international acculturation.. and in the traditional English-using countries…
The cultural capital of children may or may not be congruent within the beliefs of institutional settings, such as school, that have evolved their own sense of cultural capital (Baker, 2001). According to this account, bilinguals' lack of success in schools can be attributed to the discrepancy between children's socio-cultural range and cultural capital and that expected by schools.
The reach of English is world wide even well before the invention of the World Wide Web. As a colonial language and a chief vehicle of Western (neo)-colonialism in general and British (cultural) imperialism in particular, English has spread to almost the entire surface of the earth.
The present study looks at the latter - cognitive factors - and examines the relationships between phonological awareness, memory and oral fluency of L2 narration and reading skills performed by adult L2 learners.
The term "fluency" is often used to describe general language proficiency in the fields of language testing and pedagogy; however, there remain some arguable matters such as what conceptualizes fluency, how it is measured, and what factors are associated with it.
This is due to the fact that a child learns his first language throughout his childhood, and it gets very difficult for him to indulge in second language learning and into a different culture after attaining a
As the discussion declares despite the consistent, albeit futile, efforts of educational systems, especially in urban setting, we are unable to provide high quality of education to an increasing number of English Learners. We are mistaken when we assume that what works well for the majority of students will work with the English Language Learners.
In this case, the background information identifies a gap in research that the study has successfully filled. Another of the article strength stems from a detailed review of the literature to ascertain the claims that are later made in the discussion sections of the article and as such, used to make the necessary information for courses of actions to be taken for the effective teaching of EFL in Saudi Arabia.
2 Pages(500 words)Coursework
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Saudi EFL Learners Awareness of World Englishes-(Second Language Varieties) for FREE!