As there are different types of people living in the world, their perspective for the concept of cloning is also varied and based on different religions, demographics and the social aspects.
The human cloning is a phrase that is used to describe the artificial ways of cloning human being such as human clones as the identical twins that came into existence as a natural reproductive process. This type of cloning is known as embryo cloning. In scientific field, cloning has three different types. The three types of cloning are termed as therapeutic cloning, reproductive cloning and embryo cloning.
The first type of cloning or therapeutic cloning is highly used in the world of cloning that consists of adult cell cloning that is used for further research in the field. The second type of cloning is reproductive cloning that is entirely based on the reproduction of clones with the use of human cells.
The various countries of the world have different perspective of accepting or declining the concept of human cloning. There are some countries that are willing to accept the concept of embryonic cloning, although, they are against the reproductive human cloning and involves India, China, England and Singapore. Nevertheless, there are few countries in the world that have directly and strictly prohibit the practicing and research of embryonic cloning and include Australia, Brazil, Germany, France and Mexico. In U.S. albeit the embryonic cloning is not prohibited, however, there are few states that have made it illegal and against the law. Moreover, the financial support from the federal department for the purpose of cloning research is also entirely banned. For that purpose, a bill was also proposed in the United States but was not passed that aimed to restrict the American citizen to travel other countries for the purpose of getting stem cell treatments with the help of embryo cloning. It has been seen that the cost of research of cloning just on animals in quite ...
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It is the possibility of human cloning which has captured attention all over the world. The current controversy surrounding animal cloning and the possibility of human cloning does not mark the first time that biological innovation has generated such widespread concern.
Human Cloning Name: Instructor: Course: June 14, 2012 Human cloning Introduction Human cloning refers to the use of technology to generate another human being that has the same DNA as another currently or previously existing human being (Human Genome Project Information, 2009, Para.
The initial concept and explanation of human cloning began in 1960 and within the period of one decade, it became highly prominent until 1970 (Lucaites, 1999, p.490). With the first clone of an animal, dolly the sheep in 1997, the concept of cloning gained high criticism with much debates (Allan, 2000, p.140).
Cloning is performed to fulfill therapeutic objectives and therefore it is categorized as therapeutic cloning and for reproductive purposes under reproductive cloning to generate the replica of human for enhancing the number. Therapeutic cloning is emerging as an active area of research and comprise of cell cloning from the adult for therapeutic purposes.
3) The creation of babies by the use of somatic cell nuclear transfer techniques. In which case the new individual roughly duplicates the genome of only one of its parents, instead of bringing together, for the first time, the genomes of two parents, which is the norm in sexual reproduction.
Thesis Cloning is justifiable because it opens opportunities for future generations to live healthy life free from mortal disease.
Cloning should be permitted because it proposes great opportunities for modern medicine to increasing life span. 'Dolly the sheep' won world-wide fame for being the first successful animal clone, an animal artificially produced directly from genetic material with the purpose of duplicating the features of the adult animal from which the material was taken.
It should be remembered that the history of cloning is a tedious and tiresome journey with ingenious methods applied. At the Roslyn Institute the successfully cloned a lamb but took 277 tries to finally clone it. Scientists working on the project knew all through their work in progress that once successful Cloning can be a very useful tool if used under the right conditions.
Although cloning has some advantages, a lot of ethical issues have erupted resulting to major debates on the viability of this biotechnology. There are a lot of unanswered questions which until a time when more and more laboratory tests will prove safe to carry on, should be shelved and not gambled with at the risk of human beings.
This procedure results in creating the embryonic growth of a new organism which contains the original organism’s entire genetic code. Hundreds of cloned mammals have resulted by means of this process. “The term clone is used in many