As far as the science and art of developmental economics is concerned, the impact of population on the economic development of a nation is a theme about which there exists an abundance of literature. The assessments of the varied schools of economics regarding the influence of…
ture of global peace and development tend to focus on China’s economy, its defense and armaments buildup and China’s access to resources and energy. Yet, the one economic factor that is often overlooked in this analysis is China’s one child policy and it’s fast changing demography. China happens to be the world’s most populated nation. Right after the coming into existence of the People’s Republic of China, the nation experienced a propitious population growth owing to a better medical care and sanitation and this population growth was envisioned to be an advantage (Button 468). Mao Zedong believed that even if the population of China augmented manifold, the nation had the resources to cope up with it. However, a fast increasing population putting stress on the nation’s food security encouraged the government to opt for a one child policy in 1979, a measure that had both favorable and bad consequences for the nation’s economic growth, demographic configuration and socio-economic characteristics (Button 467).
There is no denying the fact that in the case of underdeveloped nations, supporting and sustaining population in the light of the available scarce resources is a great challenge. In that context China had always been pursuing a very planned and systematic approach towards its population growth in a contemporary scenario. In the light of this fact, the nation introduced the one child policy in 1979, in an aggressive bid to improve its economic situation and to augment the people’s standard of living (Connor 1). The one child policy required the couples belonging to ethnic Han majority to limit themselves to a single child (Connor 1). Although, to begin with, the one child policy was intended to be a short term measure, the nation’s success in reducing the population count by 400 million motivated it to continue with a revised version of the one child policy till today (Connor 1). As per China’s one child policy the urban couples are ...
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(One-Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1)
“One-Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words - 1”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/english/594385-one-child-policy.
The policy was enforced stringently in urban areas while allowing some exceptions for rural areas and for families where the couple were the single child of their respective families or parents whose child was disabled or dead. There was the huge penalty for violating the policy norm of one child in urban areas. The family was charged for having the second child, all welfare amenities were withdrawn and the promotion of working parents withheld.
Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the one-child policy (Nayak 26). By controlling the birth rate, the government aimed to achieve social and economic balance by matching the supply level with the potential demand in the economies.
Ultrasound selection of foetuses is not legal, but the cultural bias is so strong in favour of male children that people break this law. The OCP has been criticized since its inception as being against human rights, barbaric and totalitarian.
This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female.
The policy, which limits couples to one child, was designated as a 'temporary measure', but it is yet practiced in the nation today, even after a quarter-century since its establishment. "China's one child family policy, which was first announced in 1979, has remained in place despite the extraordinary political and social changes that have occurred over the past two decades.
Al, “The Eﬀect of the One-Child Policy on Fertility in China: Identiﬁcation Based on the Diﬀerences-in-Diﬀerences”). The law was introduced by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping, in order to restrict both the urban and rural couples to have more than a single child.
What is One Child Policy? : In China the policy behind birth planning is more popularly and commonly known as the “one child policy”. The committee claims that about approximately 36% of China’s population is subjected to the one child restriction policy
hment for failure to do so, it is still a problem to most of the people in the different parts of the country to have them follow the policy (Yardley 1). The different places find it difficult to follow the conditions of the policy because they find it contravening their culture
Population growth rate is critical to social and economic development. High population growth affects the rate at which an economy grows and/or develops. On the same note, overpopulation results in poor social standards and/or lifestyles. In this respect, China formulated and subsequently implemented the one-child policy in early 1980s.