Aluminum
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...aluminum. The various physical and chemical properties aluminum are mentioned in the beginning, followed by a brief discussion of the various forms in which aluminum exists. The occurrence of aluminum with reference to its ores and regions of existence is discussed along with the processes through which aluminum can be extracted. The applications of aluminum according to various distinctive properties in several diverse fields of engineering, industry, manufacturing, technology and everyday life are brought up with an analysis of importance of aluminum for the industrial and economic progress of a country is also presented along... with the applications on the basis of which conclusions are...
Aluminum
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum. The various physical and chemical properties aluminum are mentioned in the beginning, followed by a brief discussion of the various forms in which aluminum exists. The occurrence of aluminum with reference to its ores and regions of existence is discussed along with the processes through which aluminum can be extracted. The applications of aluminum according to various distinctive properties in several diverse fields of engineering, industry, manufacturing, technology and everyday life are brought up with an analysis of importance of aluminum for the industrial and economic progress of a country is also presented along with the applications... ?Table of Contents...
Aluminum foam
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum foam Aluminum foam is a solid, cellular aluminum structure containing a large volume of gas-fill pore. The pores can be sealed to form closed-cell foam or they can be interconnected to form open-cell foam. Aluminum foam are characterized by their high porosity, high surface area, and low density; properties that are suitable for high-tech applications. Thus aluminum foam has found lots of applications which are discussed below (ERG): As flow control devices (ERG) Due to the large surface area of aluminum foam, uniform gas distribution regardless of flow asymmetry even in low pressure flow regions is guaranteed. The tortuous path and the controlled pressure drop across the foam... ?Importance of...
Aluminum Soda Cans
1 pages (250 words) , Download 0 , Assignment
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...Aluminum Soda Cans Why This is because aluminum cans belong to the of pyrophoric materials, which are combustible when exposed to an ignition source. They are regarded as class D fires because they have a very high combustion rate in comparison to other metals. The molten material is also dangerous when wet since it reacts with water. As such, it results in the formation of aluminum oxide, which does not provide any form of protection to the metallic part of the engine. Hence, the material is not safe for transport since it can cause fires or unnecessary ignitions. Such implies that the material is risky one for the plant to work with in the production of engine parts. What The banning... ...
Different ways of manufacturing aluminum
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...Aluminum Technical Communication for Engineering March 12, Different ways of Manufacturing Aluminum Aluminum is the third major element found in in earth’s crust after oxygen and silicon. About 8% of earth’s crust is made of raw aluminum. Physically it is a relatively soft, durable, lightweight, ductile and malleable metal with silvery to dull gray color that depends on smoothness of its surface. Aluminum is chemically so strong in reaction that it is found in combination of near about 270 different minerals. The most common ore of aluminum is bauxite having 45-60% aluminum oxide. Due to its nonmagnetic, durable and lightweight characteristics, aluminum has thousands... Different ways of Manufacturing...
Deep Drawing Sheet Metal/Aluminum Cans
7 pages (1750 words) , Research Paper
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...Aluminum Can Production Process 5-6 7 Summary 7 8 Bibliography 8 Introduction The report is focused on one of the subjects of manufacturing materials and processes i.e. production of aluminum cans or beverages cans with the help of deep drawing, blanking, and other manufacturing and inspection processes. Beverages cans are mostly manufactured by aluminum. Since aluminum is abundantly present on earth’s crust in the form of ores like bauxite, kaolin etc therefore extraction of aluminum through these ores is relatively easier than other metals. The presence... ?Manufacturing Materials and Processes CONTENTS Number Topic Pages Introduction 2 Cold Working 2 3 Blanking 3 4 Drawing 3-4 5 Deep Drawing 4 6...
Find out about recycling of steel/aluminum drink cans
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum Cans Recycling Steel/Aluminum Cans Aluminum is used to produce various products; it is heavily used in the soft and alcoholic beverage industry. During the period of 2000, the number of steel cans utilized by the US population was 1000 million cans and the numbers of aluminum cans utilized by US citizens were 105,000 million cans (Heyworth, 2007, p.246). Production of aluminum in raw form requires huge amount of energy, various natural resources required to produce aluminum includes water and energy resources. Bauxite is utilized during the production of aluminum, which requires both steam as well as heat energy. Energy required to produce this metal is obtained by burning... Recycling...
Pollution from a primary aluminum smelter for environmental law class
2 pages (500 words) , Research Paper
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...Aluminum Smelter (College) Pollution from Primary Aluminum Smelter Introduction The process of extraction of aluminum form its oxide alumina is called aluminum smelting which is generally done through Hall-Heroult method. Usually, alumina is extracted from the ore Bauxite during the Bayer process at an alumina factory. Aluminium smelting is an electrolytic process; and hence it consumes huge amounts of electricity. Although aluminum plays a vital role in the overall industrial growth, its extraction process through aluminum smelting raises series of environmental issues. This paper will evaluate the range of water pollution caused by aluminum smelting and its aftereffects... ? Pollution from Primary...
Why is anhydrous aluminum chloride a covalently bonded dimer?
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...Aluminum Chloride a Covalently Bonded Dimer The fast technique for identification of the chemical bond type of a substance is by identifying the nature of the component particles. When a compound is formed between a metal and a nonmetal, it generally has an ionic bond, where electrons are transferred from metal to nonmetal in accordance with the octet rule. On the other hand, when nonmetals formed a compound, they share electrons forming a covalent bond. Taking anhydrous aluminum chloride, AlCl3 for instance, Aluminum is a metal and Chlorine is a nonmetal, by nature they should have formed an ionic compound. This basic concept however is not true with anhydrous aluminum chloride... Why is Anhydrous...
Aluminum or titanium foam or Silicon carbide properties, processing and applications
5 pages (1250 words) , Term Paper
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...aluminum are common impurity in the SiC obtained by the Acheson process. These impurities affect the electrical conductivity of silicon carbide. Lely process High purity SiC can be obtained by the Lely process, which involves sublimating SiC powder in argon atmosphere at 2500 °C followed by re-depositing into flake-like single crystals, at a slightly colder substrate (Lely 229). This process is similar to the Acheson process in the voids and channels formed by built-up gas pressure. However, the two approaches are fundamentally different. In the Lely process, SiC is lumped between two concentric graphite tubes; thereafter... Processing, properties and applications of silicon carbide The unique ...
Oral Controlled Release System of Propranolol Using Gellan Gum Macrobeads with Magnesium Aluminum Silicate (veegum)
6 pages (1500 words) , Dissertation
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...?CHAPTER 2: METHODOLOGY METHODOLOGY Ionotropic gelation method Ionotropic gelation is based on the ability of polyelectrolytes such as gellan gum to cross link in the presence of counter ions, like Calcium (Ca2+) and Zinc (Zn3+) ions, to form hydrophilic hydrogel beads (gelispheres). These beads swell when exposed to biological fluids, thereby gradually releasing the drug inside. Gellan gum is a bacterial exopolysaccharide prepared by aerobic submerged fermentation of Sphingomones Eloda. Gellan gum, being a natural polymer, has an advantage as a drug delivery system because it induces less adverse reactions compared to the synthetic ones. It contains anionic moieties on its chemical... 2: METHODOLOGY...
Produce a research poster of A2 size on a commodity.
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum) The type of commodity in this case is aluminum. Aluminum commodity is a chemical element, which is categorized in the boron group. The ductile metal is known for its nonmagnetic, silvery white nature (Kaushish, 2010). Aluminum remains the third most profuse element after silicon and oxygen. Figure 1. Aluminum Uses of the Commodity The strength and low-density nature of aluminum makes it ideal for construction of lightweight vehicles, aircraft and ladders. Duralumin, which is an alloy of aluminum, is mostly used due to its improved properties. In most cases, duralumin is preferred to pure aluminum. Its corrosion resistance nature and ability... International Business Environment Commodity...
Lab report: discussion, conclusion, reference
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...ALUMINUM TO POTASH ALUM Recycling Of Used Aluminum Cans to Potash Alum: A Study Affiliation Introduction Aluminum and its alloys find several applications today, right from soda cans to aircraft material. This is because aluminum is versatile and has many desirable properties: light weight, nontoxic, pleasing appearance, ability to take high polish, high electric and thermal conductivities, corrosion resistance, malleability, ductility, non-magnetic, and non-sparking. (Greenwood & Earnshaw, 1997) Aluminum combines with other metals to give alloys with high mechanical and tensile strengths. The abundance of its ore makes aluminum and its alloys easily available - Aluminum... Running head: RECYCLING...
Lab report
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...ALUMINUM TO ALUM Recycling Of Used Aluminum Cans to Alum: A Study Affiliation Introduction Aluminum and its alloys find several applications today, right from soda cans to aircraft material. This is because aluminum is versatile and has many desirable properties: light weight, nontoxic, pleasing appearance, ability to take high polish, high electric and thermal conductivities, corrosion resistance, malleability, ductility, non-magnetic, and non-sparking. (Greenwood & Earnshaw, 1997) Aluminum combines with other metals to give alloys with high mechanical and tensile strengths. The abundance of its ore makes aluminum and its alloys easily available - Aluminum comprises 8.3... Running head: RECYCLING...
Reflection Paper
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum Show It was a dance show in which Aluminum was used as attire by people. The dancers used aluminum to take different shapes and do the dance acts. Being very shine, glittery, and flexible, aluminum served as a perfect material to embody the dancers. They wore aluminum to disguise into snakes or earthworms. Many aluminum snakes could be seen dancing all over the stage, some dangling from the ceiling, others twisting and curling on the dance floor. Sometimes, two or more dancers joined together wearing aluminum to become one long snake. The consistency of their movements made it seem like one long snake twisting and twirling and doing all sorts... Reflection I recently saw a video on Youtube d...
Essay
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...aluminum cans. The main objective of the story is to illustrate how development can be made sustainable along with protecting the environment. The story starts over with a dented aluminum can like most cans become after they have been used. Consumers punch the cans and they lose their cylindrical shape, yet this does not render them unworthy of reuse. They can be reshaped and pasteurized and reused many times. This way, the products’ life cycle changes into a closed loop system from the conventional linear pattern. In the linear pattern, things are made from natural materials, and they are treated with various chemicals... . They are processed in factories and sold to the consumers in...
Lap report
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...Aluminum and Wood A material’s half value layer is the thickness of that particular material where by the intensity of radiation entering the same material is reduced by half. Half layer value can also be expressed in other forms rather than the rate of intensity radiation into the material. For example the use of air karma rate. Half value layer is indirectly proportional to the attenuation coefficient. Different materials have different half value layer and half value layer is always expressed in units of distance. An increase in the penetration energy of a stream of photon or electrons always increases material half value layer. Half value layer is often... To Estimate the Half Layer Value for...
Essay
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...aluminum cans. The main objective of the story is to illustrate how development can be made sustainable along with protecting the environment. The story starts over with a dented aluminum can like most cans become after they have been used. Consumers punch the cans and they lose their cylindrical shape, yet this does not render them unworthy of reuse. They can be reshaped and pasteurized and reused many times. This way, the products’ life cycle changes into a closed loop system from the conventional linear pattern. In the linear pattern, things are made from natural materials, and they are treated with various chemicals... . They are processed in factories and sold to the consumers in markets....
Aluminium Foil ((Corporate Social Responsibility)) & Environmental Impact
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...Aluminum Foil s Submitted by s: Introduction Every mineral on earth is finite and thus should be conserved and used in a wise manner. However, without the exploitation of minerals, the human way of life would be in question and this has made it difficult to change some of the ways in which human beings use resources (Both, 2005, p. 1). For instance, using fossil fuels as a source of heat is an aspect that will probably continue to exist until when this resource will deplete. In comparison to this example, aluminum can be said to be in a fortunate position as it is among the most abundant elements in the planet after silicon and oxygen. The availability of this element is so high... Environmental Impact:...
Industrial production of aluminium from bauxite and recycling
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum, one of the most commonly used metals occurs naturally as bauxite (combination of Al2O3, Fe2O3, 3H2O3 and SiO2) .This metal has a number of characteristics which make useful in many ways. These characteristics include; Light Conductive Corrosion resistant Strong affinity for oxygen Aluminum finds its application in architectural construction, aerospace, domestic use and even marine industries. Over a long period, the process of aluminum manufacture involved a cumbersome process that required lot of energy. The last century has however realized a tremendous turn around in this matter as today new... ALUMINIUM FROM BAUXITE AND RECYCLING of Affiliation ALUMINIUM FROM BAUXITE AND RECYCLING...
Aircraft materials and hardware
10 pages (2500 words) , Essay
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...aluminum and Aluminum alloys 3 Heat treatment process of aluminum alloys- Solution and precipitation heat treatment 3 Steel 4 Procedure - Carburizing & Nitriding 4 Composite Materials 5 Fiber Reinforced Materials 7 Laminated Structures 7 Plastic 8 Rivets 9 Summary/Conclusion 11 Aircraft Materials and Hardware Aim Awareness and comprehension of the usages, strengths, restrictions, and other features of structural metals is important to suitably make and retain aircraft structures, particularly airframes. In building aircraft and in maintenance and overhaul, a minor nonconformity from design requirement... in aircraft structures (faa.gov, ND). Introduction The earlier aircraft materials must...
Essay
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum and Glass Chain Supply What social and economic issues might be faced at facilities that are in the aluminum can supply chain? The society today is surrounded with applications made out of aluminum to the extend it is difficult for one to be conscious about its existence. This too apply to the facilities within aluminum can supply chain which are both socially and economically affected. The production of the various forms of aluminum such as bauxite mining, alumina refining, smelting and fabrication is accompanied with varied social and economic issues both negative and positive. These issues...
Concrete mix design and compression tests
5 pages (1250 words) , Assignment
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...aluminum. The project conducted in the laboratory was that of the tensile test, which majorly aimed at the determination of the yield strength and the ultimate strengths for Aluminum and steel. The results for the two materials were compared with special attention to the behaviors of each of them during loading. Testing of the two specimen metals preceded until fracture was realized. 2. Introduction During the laboratory experimentation of the specimen metals, aluminum and steel were subjected to tensile tests in order to measure the tensile strengths. It was necessary to conduct... Insert Assignment: Engineering and Construction Concrete Mix Design and Compression Tests Concrete Mix Design and...
Switching point for work place - Fluid Power Lab
1 pages (250 words) , Lab Report
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...aluminum and copper work pieces have switching points and the hysteresis effect is low. Brass has very few points while plastic, cardboard and rubber have no switching points at all on these components. 1S1 and 1S2 show minimal hysteresis effect on brass, and aluminum which increases on mild steel, stainless steel and copper and multiple switching points are recorded. No switching points are recorded on plastic, cardboard and rubber. 1V2, 1V3,1V4 and 1V5 record multiple switching points when tested on mild steel, stainless... Results When testing for switching points for different work pieces, the following results were obtained. On the components OZ1, OZ2, 1V1 and 1A, mild steel, stainless steel,...
Lab report
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum and Plexiglas specimen is determined by conducting tensile test. The objective of conducting tensile stress experiment is to establish the modulus of elasticity, tensile strength or ultimate strength of a material. Tensile test also helps to ascertain the nature of a material (ductile or brittle) as well as the yield strength of a material. In order to establish the fractural behavior of a material or specimen, force or stress is applied to the material to determine it elasticity. The ration of the extension in length to the original length... Lab Report Introduction Tensile stress of a material is defined as the maximum stress the material can withstand before failing. The tensile strength of...
Ch 41 dis
1 pages (250 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum Corp. In the case of Alcan the competent court rejected the government’s arguments that hearing is not imminent since Alcan has admitted that its emulsion was diluted with the other wastes. The court was of the opinion that the above noted cases can best be resolved at the initial liability stage since it involves precise degree of liability. Therefore, if the defendant can prove that it only caused some portion of harm, then it should be liable for that portion of amount. In this case, the court held that since Alcan was amongst one of the 20 defendants, hence liable for payment of USD 473, 790.18 towards response costs out of the total response costs... No: United s v. Alcan Inc., Alcan...
Mterials & manufacture 2
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aluminum alloy matrix composites have been the object of much research, primarily due to the light weight, low cost, and ease of fabrication of aluminum. Within the class of Aluminum alloy matrix composites there exist two distinct material systems, namely (i) discontinuously reinforced composites, with the reinforcement taking the form of a particle, a platelet, a whisker, or a chopped fiber... Manufacture of a Metal Matrix Composite (MMC) I/Introduction A composite material is a combination of two or more chemically different materials witha distinct interface between them. The constituent materials maintain their separate identities (at least microscopically), yet their combination produces...
Materials Used in Body Panels
8 pages (2000 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum Over the of time, automobile manufacturers have used various materials in the manufacturing of body panels. Steel, aluminum, plastic, fiberglass, and composites have all been used. The reasons for the different materials vary from durability to cost. Of course, even these reasons vary from manufacturer to manufacturer, with some preferring the use of one material over the other. The use of aluminum for car and truck body panels is on the increase. What this means for the vehicle owner is the possibility of a longer wait for parts and uneven quality for those awaiting crash repairs because the number of trained technicians is not keeping up with the rising... Materials Used in Body Panels...
Rockwell Hardness Testing
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...aluminum and steel rods given Engineering Problem:- Engine builder has experienced some engine failures. All of the failures have resulted in broken connecting rods, which cause significant damage to the engine. The builder has experienced problems with two types of engines. The first type is drag race engines that utilize aluminum connecting rods. The other type of engine is used in oval track stock cars which use steel rods. Significance of Engineering problem To determine the cause of failure of rods we have to determine Rockwell hardness number of both failed rods and good ones... Analysis of strength of connecting rods Objective & significance To design and perform an experiment to determine...
Periodic and families relationship of typical element
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...Aluminum (Al), Carbon(C), Sulfur(S), and water (H2O). Each element is then burnt in oxygen, and later further adding water and acid test their resulting oxides. The data and observations are as follows Data and Observations If a little quantity sodium is burnt in air, it often burns with an orange glow... PERIODIC AND FAMILY RELATIONSHIP OF TYPICAL ELEMENTS Paper This writing will help in understanding the relationships ofelements in a periodic table. It will also focus on how some of the elements react with oxygen. The type of oxides they form and how this depends on which group or family an element belong. Introduction This report discusses an experiment to demonstrate that there exists periodic and ...
Financial Management
10 pages (2500 words) , Assignment
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...Aluminum Bahrain (ALBA) Table of contents Analytical objectives 2) Value driver analysis 3) Strategic pre-evaluation 4)Analytical issues/questions 5) Margin/differences/ratio analysis 6)Inferences 7)Conclusions Aluminum Bahrain (ALBA) Introduction. Aluminum Bahrain is an aluminum smelting company. It produces and does marketing of aluminum and aluminum related products. such aluminum products include standard ingots, rolling slabs, foundry alloy ingots, extrusion billets, T-ingots, and liquid metal. The company also provides other products such as anodes, power,...
Digital fabrication manufacturing lightweight structure and self supported roof shells with innovative material.
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum compositing with steel can be researched for usage in light-weight structures as its key features... Background Contemporary architecture faces a challenge of constructability when trying to implement complex non-Euclidean forms. The latest manufacturing technology uses rapid prototyping and computer-aided design and manufacturing to produce small-scale models and full-scale building components directly from 3D models. "The fact that the topological geometries are precisely described as NURBS and thus computationally possible also means that their construction is perfectly attainable by means of computer numerically controlled (CNC) fabrication processes" (Kolarevic 2001, p. 269). CNC milling is ...
Wheel and Rims Industry: The Case for China and the United State.
8 pages (2000 words) , Research Paper
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...aluminum wheel rims totaled 26.4 million units in 2003, up 47 percent from 2002's 18 million units. Mining and metal industry information provider Beijing Antaike Information Development Co. Ltd projects aluminum wheel rim output in 2004 will increase more than 120 percent to 40 million units against a capacity of 45 million. Capacity is forecast to increase 10 million units each year to 2009. This is reiterated in the Global Sources Supplier Survey, which shows the majority of companies forecasting increased... Wheel and Rims Industry: The Case for China and the United s Submitted By: Number] Submitted [Professor's Name] [Date Submitted] Introduction Finding the cheapest raw material for ...
Inorgnic Synthesis
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...aluminum element. Introduction: The experiment intended to synthesize Alum [KAl(SO4)2.12H2O] from its elemental component, which is aluminum having a weight 0.45g. By nature, aluminum exhibits amphoteric behavior, which is dissolving in both basic and acidic solutions. This study comprised of three experiments using potassium, Hydroxide and H2SO4 to make alum from a 0.45 g aluminum foil. During the experiment, it entailed carrying out other tests with the intention confirming essentials chemical ions in the products... . These essential chemical ions included K+, Al3+ and SO42- but diverse chemical reagents except in the former, which entailed vocalizing in high temperatures approximately...
Chevrolet manufactures
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aluminum as the preferred metal for the body of the car. The body frame was constructed using aluminum, thereby saving 136 pounds, which would be the extra weight if a standard steel frame was used. “In place of the steel frame on the conventional C6, GM is substituting... Chevrolet Manufactures Organizations are structures with a ‘collage’ of workers doing their allocated work under the supervision of a leader, for thebenefit of the organization as well as them. These workers will normally be apportioned or “structurized” into different departments for better arrangement and streamlining of work. Among the many departments in an organization, the departments of production as well as operations plays a...
Tensile Tst
4 pages (1000 words) , Lab Report
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...Aluminum, Brass, Steel and Cast-Iron. The experiment involves application of axial loads to four different specimens of identical dimensions till... Mechanical Engineering Technology Materials Testing Laboratory 0610-304 Experiment Tensile Test Experiment Number: 2 Submitted: Data Secured Date: Section: Name of Principal Author: Fahed Alnuaimi Names of Contributors: Fahed Alnuaimi Instructor Name: Mike Medlar Executive Summary Tensile test is a test in materials science that measures material’s tensile strength by applying tension on it until it breaks. Understanding materials tensile strength is very important in the...
Wooden Baseball Bats Are Better than Metal Bats
3 pages (750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum (metal) bats. Why Wooden Bats are better than Metal Bats? Weight Wooden bats are heavier than metal bats because they are solid and metal bats are hollow from within, and that is why they require more effort to sway than aluminum bats. They also have a smaller sweet spot due... Wooden Bats versus Metal Bats Introduction Using a wooden bat or a metal bat has always been a controversial issue for baseball players. Wooden versus metal bat debate is not new for the hitters and baseball fans who love to discuss what kind of bat is more suitable for a bigger hit. Though major league players do not have to worry about this debate as they essentially have to play with a wooden bat, yet the controversy...
Wheel and Rims Industry: The Case for China and the United States
7 pages (1750 words) , Essay
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...aluminum wheel rims totaled 26.4 million units in 2003, up 47 percent from 2002s 18 million units. Mining and metal industry information provider Beijing Antaike Information Development Co. Ltd projects aluminum wheel rim output in 2004 will increase more than 120 percent to 40 million units against a capacity of 45 million. Capacity is forecast to increase 10 million units each year to 2009. This is reiterated in the Global Sources Supplier Survey, which shows the majority of companies forecasting increased sales in 2005. Most of them... Wheel and Rims Industry: The Case for China and the United s Submitted By: Number] Submitted [Date Submitted] Introduction Finding the cheapest raw material for ...
Advance Aircraft material:
5 pages (1250 words) , Essay
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...aluminum in 1920s... Advance Aircraft material: A review of literature Department Advance Aircraft material: A review of literature Aircraft designing and all new generation aircrafts are the outcome quintessential efforts in the field of designing as well as in the material necessary for the manufacturing of the aircrafts. In earlier phases of aircraft engineering, the development of better models was greatly affected by the lack of corresponding development in the materials needed for the construction of these models. But the breakthroughs in the technology as well as material science, modern aircrafts can be considered as manufacturing marvel. The research in the field of aircraft material begun with...
Gardasil a new vaccine
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...aluminum adjuvant that has potential health risk. Merck neither the FDA revealed that the aluminum content of Gardasil is 225 mcg. Researches show the unfavorable effects of aluminum with respect to health (Redhead K. et al. 1992). It has been determined that aluminum adjuvant produces the high risk of aluminum to enter the brain. Other than that there were serious adverse reactions such as headache, gastroenteritis, arthritis, appendicitis etc. that also manifested to gardasil recipients during the clinical trials. Loe Fisher told that, “Merck... Gardasil has been approved by the FDA this June 29, 2006 as a vaccine for HPV (humanpapillomavirus) caused cervical cancer. Despite the approval, many people...
Assignment
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...aluminum smelter in Mapletree, Quebec Year Cashflow’000 PVIFA 12% Present value 2-20... Finance and Accounting Assignment First project: Oil-drilling project Year Cashflow ‘000 PVIFA 12% Present value 5-10 100,000 4.1114 411,140 11-20 200,000 5.6502 1,130,040 Total present value 1,541,180 Less: initial cost (500,000) Net present value 1,041,180 Second project: Expansion of an alum...
Molar Mass of a Volatile Gas
2 pages (500 words) , Lab Report
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...Aluminum foil Bunsen burner Thermometer Weighing balance Procedure The weight of an empty flask together with its aluminum foil cover measured carefully and recorded. A tiny pinhole was made on the outer surface of the aluminum foil. Five milliliters of a volatile liquid were measured and added to the flask. The weight of the flask, aluminum foil and the unknown volatile liquid was then measured and recorded. Thereafter, the volatile liquid... was heated in a water bath. The flask was tilted slightly to make it easy to see when all the volatile liquid had vaporized. Subsequently, the temperature of the water bath was measured when the liquid in the flask vaporized. The atmospheric pressure,...
Debate Preparation
2 pages (500 words) , Essay
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...aluminum as an adjuvant, and during clinical trials a base containing aluminum was used as a placebo in the control group of trial participants. All aluminum in the vaccine is absorbed, with distribution to all tissues, including brain. The uptake by the brain may involve complexes formed with transferring and citrate (Yokel... First Last Dr. First Last nnnn 12 July 2006 Introduction of Gardasil for cervical cancer prevention ---Safety and bioethical concerns 1. Gardasil may alter sexual behavior in adolescent girls, they becoming sexually more active. 2. Gardasil does not impart 100% immunity against cervical cancer as it is directed against only 4 serotypes of HPV. 3. There are serious doubts about the ...
Management
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...aluminum, fabricated aluminum, and alumina combine (Alcoa Inc. 2011), as an example of a company that tries to ensure that it is not only a good manufacturer of its products, but also a positive and contributing member of the world society... ?Alcoa Inc Pollution against CSR Historically, through the years companies, both small and large, have been working for making higher and higher sales, thus getting higher and higher profits. The industrial revolution did not change much. The volumes of production and consumptions were steadily increasing. However, with time the extent to which companies were influencing their environments increased as well. Raised levels of production lead to increased usage of all ...
Summary of Recent Research 7
1 pages (250 words) , Assignment
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...aluminum (in micrograms of Al per gram of wood) then recorded. Two nominal... Topic: Application of Non-Parametric Tests Institution: Course: Application of the Signed Rank Test McDonald, H. J. (2009) Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. A Handbook of Biological Statistics. (2nd Edition) < http://udel.edu/~mcdonald/statsignedrank.html> (McDonald 2009) seeks to demonstrate the use of the Wilcoxon signed rank test by drawing an example from (Leuresens 2004) in which researchers measured metal content in the wood of 13 poplar clones growing in a polluted area, once in August and once in November. Concentrations of a...
Building Materials
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aluminum and steel. PROJECT OBJECTIVES In general, the study aims to determine the types of concrete that are used in buildings. Specifically, it aims to: (1) know the elements that consist concrete (2) determine the proper proportions of the elements that will yield to a good and strong concrete, and (3) to identify the components of component that can resist fire PROJECT HYPOTHESIS This will be achieved by subjecting the four building materials in different setups and evaluating the performance of each material. The following characteristics will be measured: fire resistance... insulation, safe, lightweight but strong and durable (Roadmap 2008). Disadvantages include: prone to rotting,...
Material Selection & Design
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...Aluminum Glass Plastic Material Cost $ 0.021 $ 0.013 $ 0.035 Production Cost $ 0.1 $ 0.06 $ 0.04 Shipping Cost $ 0.008 $ 0.11 $ 0.02 Scrap Purchase Cost $ 0.011 $ 0.04 $ 0.007 Scrap Processing Cost $ 0.005 $ 0.04 $ 0.035 Disposal Cost $ 0.08 $ 0.08 $ 0.08 Table 1: Cost Analysis per Container for Different Materials. Obtained from Intel Corporation. The analysis of the above data yields the following results: Aluminum Glass Plastic Advantages: 1. Medium first stage cost. 2. 33% less... Question The beverage container material is one of the most common and highly debated issues from application point of view of materials engineering. The beauty of the issue is that all three basic classes of materials –...
Personal consumption journal
3 pages (750 words) , Assignment
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...aluminum, glass and plastic, compost food waste for the garden. I think my foot print is too much as compared to an individual living in a less developed part of the world since am more exposed to factors leading to this .This changes the way I view my way of living and am so willing to change by adopting sustainable practices... My footprint As calculated in the website http wwww.myfootprints.org I use 52 earths. I amso surprised by the results! This makes me feel so bad about my kind of lifestyle since it has so many negative impacts to the environment. The reason why I use much is because my housing footprint is higher than the country’s average and this I can reduce much by using biodegradable and...
Electric fundemental
4 pages (1000 words) , Essay
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...aluminum cable will be same as that of copper. The diameter will be: Resistivity of aluminum =2.82×10−8 Ωm Cross-section area should be=Resistivity x length / Resistance = 2.82×10−8 x 48.768 / 0.0041 = 0.0003354 m2 Radius= root(0.0003354/3.14 ) =0.010335 m Diameter = 20.67mm. Part (b) volume of a single inboard copper cable = area x length =0.0002001 x 48.768 =0.00975 m3 Density of copper= 8.94 g /cm3 = 0.00894 kg /m3 Mass of a single cable= 0.00894 x 0.00975 = 0.0872 g Part (c) As the aircraft climbs to 35000 feet the temperature drops to a range of -40 to -60 degree Celsius and the barometric pressure is almost 179 mm Hg the resistivity value changes... Electric Fundamentals> and Section # of...
Materials selection using CES material program
2 pages (500 words) , Coursework
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...Aluminum provides the best option for the shaft design because it is commercially available; it is light in weight, and a high strength-to-weight ratio. Part 2: Arms The arms keep the umbrella in shape. Material selection using CES program indicate that aluminum is the best material for arm design. HST Aluminum is commercially available; it is light in weight, much harder, and a high strength-to-weight ratio. Part 3: Joint The joint is made of plastic since plastic... Material Selection Using CES Program Material Selection Using CES (Cost Estimation) Program CES is an important application in the design and manufacture of engineering products. This tool has been used in the selection of materials for...
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