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Engineering - Anaerobic Digestion
Engineering - Anaerobic Digestion
8 pages (2000 words)
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...ANAEROBIC DIGESTION Lecturer: Address: Anaerobic Digestion Introduction Energy is a requirement for every living thing. It can be found in many forms, some in their primary state and others are converted into secondary resources for easier use. Fuel happens to be one of the most popular forms of energy in the world for it is used for numerous applications. Fuel itself can be generated from numerous resources, some renewable such as the sun and others scarce such as naturally occurring oil. Energy from waste is one of the revolutions that is currently going on as the world attempts to Go Green and counter the effects of overdependence on fossil fuels, which has choked the atmosphere. Leading... ?...
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Nacl and cellular respiration
Nacl and cellular respiration
1 pages (250 words)
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...respiration Cellular respiration is the process by which food molecules like glucose are being oxidized to produce carbon dioxide and molecules of water. The energy released during the breakdown process is in the form of ATP, which is used in cellular activities. The process occurs in all organisms (Meldrum 22). C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O → 12H2O + 6 CO2 NaCl has no effect on the process of cellular respiration because of the following reasons; NaCl has no effect on temperature availability. Respiration rate is high in warm temperatures than in cold environment regardless of salt availability. This is because the effect of temperature is controlled... Why sodium chloride (NaCl) has no effect on cellular...
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Cellular respiration and photosynthesis
Cellular respiration and photosynthesis
1 pages (250 words)
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...respiration and electron transport. Electron transport is the procedure which pairs transfer in a midst NADH and O2 with the transfer of protons across a membrane. Due to electron transport phenomena, potential gradient is substantiated, which is used to derived adenosine triphosphate (ATP). Traversing of protons across... the membrane of cell, and cellular compartment/parts is done by a biochemical pump called proton pump. ATP is the chief origin of cellular energy, which is obtained from adenosine diphosphate through cellular respiration & photosynthesis. The hydrolysis of ATP is quickened by a class of enzyme called ATPase. Formation of ATP from ADP and a phosphate...
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Cellular respiration and fermentation
Cellular respiration and fermentation
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Respiration and Fermentation Table of Contents Abstract 2 Paper Proper 2 Introduction 2 Materials and Methods 2 Results 4 Conclusions 4 References 8 Abstract The two-part experiment involved tracking fermentation and respiration processes making use of carbon dioxide markers in gas height and in the production of carbonic acid respectively (ASPB Foundation n.d.; Nuffield Foundation 2013; The Regents of the University of California 2011).. Paper Proper Introduction The goal of the experiment is to investigate respiration and fermentation reactions. Studying fermentation and respiration as done in this experiment has implications for industry, as fermentation reactions, for one, impact... Cellular...
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Cellular respiration and fermentation
Cellular respiration and fermentation
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Respiration and Fermentation Table of Contents I. 3 II. Narrative 3 Introduction 3 2. Materials and Methods 3 3. Results 4 4. Conclusions 5 References 8 I. Abstract The two-part experiment involved tracking fermentation and respiration processes making use of carbon dioxide markers in gas height and in the production of carbonic acid respectively (ASPB Foundation n.d.; Nuffield Foundation 2013; The Regents of the University of California 2011).. II. Narrative 1. Introduction In the first part, fermentation is measured using gas height as proxy for carbon dioxide measure and the rate of reaction. In the second part, respiration is measured in terms of carbonic acid production. (ASPB... Cellular...
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Human Systems - Respiration
Human Systems - Respiration
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...Respiration The human body is an intricate combination of an array of chemicals, compounds and various components which work simultaneously and co-operatively with each other so as to ensure health and survival of the being. The basic structural and functional units of a living being are the cells, which are arranged in groups called tissues. Groups of tissues combined form organs, and organs working towards a specific purpose together are called a system. One of the most important systems of the human body is the Respiratory System. The respiratory system is the biological system of any organism that engages in gaseous exchange. It provides the energy needed by cells of the body... Human Systems –...
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Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
3 pages (750 words)
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...Respiration and Fermentation Jason Due 15 October Cellular Respiration and Fermentation Cellular respiration usually allows living organisms to use energy stored in the chemical bonds of glucose (C6H12O6). A cell always uses adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to supply their energy needs and so cellular respiration is a process in which energy in the glucose is transferred to ATP (Campebell 158). (al) During respiration glucose is oxidized releasing energy and oxygen is reduced to form water. The carbon atom of the sugar molecule is released as CO2. The complete breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water requires two major steps: glycolysis and aerobic respiration (Campebell... of Paper: Cellular...
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Antibiotic Resistance in Anaerobic Bacteria
Antibiotic Resistance in Anaerobic Bacteria
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic bacteria: molecular biology and clinical aspects." . Rev Infect Dis 1 (1982): 1075-95. Print. Bozdogan, Bülent, Duygu Esel, Cynthia Whitener, Frederick A. Browne, and Peter C. Appelbaum. "Antibacterial susceptibility of a vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureusstrain isolated at the Hershey Medical Center." Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 52.5 (2003): 864-868...  Hospital acquired infections which are now popularly called as nosocomial infections are most often caused by organisms resistant to antimicrobial agents. The frequency of its occurrence has become a source of concern to most clinicians and epidemiologists all over the world. The propensity of these pathogens to develop resist...
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Breathing and Respiration
Breathing and Respiration
2 pages (500 words)
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...Respiration The respiratory system is an organ system which is used for breathing. Scientifically formulated, breathing is the process by which oxygen in the air is brought into the lungs and into close contact with the blood, which absorbs it and carries it to all parts of the body. At the same time the blood gives up waste matter (carbon dioxide), which is carried out of the lungs with the air breathed out. The respiratory system starts with the sinuses, which are hollow spaces in the bones of the head. Small openings connect them to the nasal cavity. The functions they serve are not clearly understood, but include helping to regulate the temperature and humidity of air breathed... Breathing and...
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Respiration in Human Lung Function
Respiration in Human Lung Function
15 pages (3750 words)
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...respiration. Holding breath after hyperventilation and re-breathing of expired air were compared to normal breathing of the smokers and nonsmokers. Lung volumes of smokers and nonsmokers were recorded to determine the effect of smoking on human lungs. RESULTS Table 1: Predicted... EFFECT OF SMOKING ON LUNG FUNCTION According to Polatli et al. (December 2000), smoking is one of the etiological risk factor of respiratory diseases. It causes premature ageing, ill health and premature death. To determine the relationship between the respiratory function and the respiratory disease, lung function was assessed to identify the lung volume. Respiratory function test is the process to measure lung volumes. This...
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Critically discuss the use of gas exchange (Vt1, VT2) and blood lactate threshold (LT, LTP) in the evaluation or pedicted perfor
Critically discuss the use of gas exchange (Vt1, VT2) and blood lactate threshold (LT, LTP) in the evaluation or pedicted perfor
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic system or glycolisis and aerobic system or mitochondrial respiration. However we must understand that they are not separate but are simply all part of one chain of events that eventually leads to production of ATP, which is the main source of energy in human organism. During the low level exercises which doesn’t require much energy muscle fibers almost exclusively use aerobic mitochondrial production of energy. This is much slower source of energy compared to anaerobic glycolisis but much more effective because from one molecule of glucose produces 29 to 30 molecules of ATP, instead glycolisis produces only 2 molecules of ATP from 1 molecule of glucose... ? Critical discussion of the use of...
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Nitrogen removal from wastewater using anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) process
Nitrogen removal from wastewater using anaerobic ammonium oxidation (Anammox) process
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation, also referred to as ANAMMOX is a new and revolutionary nitrogen cycle whereby NH4+ oxidation is coupled to the reduction of NO2... hitherto unknown to engineering (Dong & Sun, 2007). While there is very little, that is known about the ecology, genetics, or even the physiology of the bacteria, this research project will be very important in shedding some light on the community structure of the Anaerobic Ammonium Oxidation bacterial and all their involvement in environmental parameters that include nitrate, ammonium, and the salinity levels. This project discusses the effects of pH and salinity on the anammox process with results showing that the...
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Estimation of Anaerobic Power and Demonstration of Blood Lactate Testing
Estimation of Anaerobic Power and Demonstration of Blood Lactate Testing
7 pages (1750 words)
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...ANAEROBIC POWER AND DEMONSTRATION OF BLOOD LACTATE TESTING College Introduction Anaerobic power is an expression used for the maximal exercise up to a maximum of a few minutes and the energy consumed during the exercise given in large measure without necessitating oxygen, since glycogen and the stored phosphagenesin the muscles would only last for the few minutes. At the beginning of a physical exercise, ready energy material is used and therefore no formation of lactate happens. After the exercise has lasted for some time, lactate formed by the breakdown of glycogen without oxygen. When no complete elimination of lactate occurs by buffer systems of the body, lactate production becomes... ?ESTIMATION OF...
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General Biology hw
General Biology hw
3 pages (750 words)
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...respiration 1. Aerobic - ATP, 2. Fermentation - lactate, ATP, Final electron acceptors: 1. Aerobic - O2 2. Anaerobic - Pyruvate 3. Fermentation - Pyruvate Photosynthesis Purpose: energy capture from sun & carbon fixation (CO2) from atmosphere to produce carbohydrates Location: Eukaryotes: Chloroplast Prokaryotes: (e.g. cyanobacteria) thylakoids at cell membrane Stages 1. Light reaction 2. Dark reaction (Calvin cycle) Products of photosynthesis: NADPH + ATP (energy) Final electron acceptor :( in stage 1): - NADPH 1. Is ATP a product of both photosynthesis and cellular respiration? Yes 2... Essay Topic: General Biology H/W 25th October Question 8 Fill in the answers, indicated by letters...
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The effects of enviromental temperature on human respiration
The effects of enviromental temperature on human respiration
3 pages (750 words)
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...respiration rate. It may be hypothesized that the environmental temperature will affect human respiration. At colder temperature, the respiration rate is likely to increase. The experiment also gives us an elaborate idea regarding the process of respiration. We may also form an idea about the amount of carbon dioxide released with every exhalation. Again, the experiment exposes the composition and solubility of different... The surrounding environment constantly influences the biological processes of human body. When the surrounding temperature falls, the blood vessels in human beings and mammals constricts in order to generate heat and maintain the body temperature at warm level. In the process, the...
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Aerobic Cellular Respiration in Isolated Mitochondria of Lima Bean Seeds
Aerobic Cellular Respiration in Isolated Mitochondria of Lima Bean Seeds
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Respiration in Isolated Mitochondria of Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus) seeds during the Conversion of Succinate to Fumarate in Krebs cycle Introduction: A basic concept in cellular respiration is the transfer of chemical energy (electrons) from an electron donor (i.e. carbohydrate, proteins and fat from food molecules) to an electron acceptor. Most of the organisms use oxygen as the final electron acceptor although some organisms (eg. Yeast) use other alternatives. During aerobic respiration, oxygen in the air is used as the final electron receptor which subsequently gets reduced to water. Energy is generated during this process in the form of a high energy... ? Investigating the Aerobic Cellular...
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Anaerobic capacity/power endurance and fatigue index using a repeated jump test on a force platform
Anaerobic capacity/power endurance and fatigue index using a repeated jump test on a force platform
2 pages (500 words)
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...Anaerobic Capa 2. The mean power across the four blocks exhibited a gradual reduction from the value in the second block to the fourth block. Block 1 value was not considered because it contained the lowest values recorded during the test. The mean jump height was directly proportional top the mean power, as the values gradually reduced across the blocks. This phenomenon shows the relationship between mean power used by the participant and the mean jump height achieved. This proves that an athlete will achieve less jump height with time because of the reduction in the power exerted during the subsequent jumps or activities (Wilmore, 2010 Pg. 26). 3. The jump test is most...
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A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
A weapons and explosives (ammunition, TNT) burial ground was recently unearthed and you have been called in as an expert in bior
3 pages (750 words)
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...respiration will result in the reduction of nitrite to ammonium. However other by-products such as nitroso and hydroxylamine intermediates will be formed. After aerobic degradation, anaerobic degradation will follow using Clostridium spp . The Clostridium spp will fully degrade the toxic intermediates. The fermentable sugar that will be supplemented will be molasses... Bioremediation, Algal biofuel and Microcosm Bioremediation Plan Bioremediation is a viable option for a weapons and explosives (TNT, ammunition) burial ground. Nitroaromatic compounds such as 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene (TNT) are xenobiotics that can undergo microbial degradation in the environment but the process is relatively slow. The plan...
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Introduction of crude oil biodegrading by some marine bacteria and reduce sulphur component
Introduction of crude oil biodegrading by some marine bacteria and reduce sulphur component
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic conditions due to oxygen uptake by heterotrophic organisms. Under such conditions mineralization of organic matter by processes such as sulphate reduction by marine-sulphate reducing bacteria can play a vital role. These anaerobic bacteria utilize sulphate as the final electron acceptor... Introduction The role of microorganisms in degradation of marine oil spills is being constantly investigated as the fate of petroleum compounds in marine environment depends on their transformation or degradation by microbes. More than hundred known species of bacteria and fungi play a role in the degradation of marine oil to usable components with the help of their enzymes (Patin, n.d). The hydrocarbons...
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Alcoholic Fermentation
Alcoholic Fermentation
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobes. They survive in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The yeast makes ATP by aerobic respiration in the presence of oxygen but turns to fermentation under anaerobic condition. References Boulton, C., & Quain, D. (2008). Brewing Yeast and Fermentation. Chicester: Wiley. Buglass, A. (2011). Handbook of alcoholic beverages. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons. Vogel, H., & Todaro, C. Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook....  Alcoholic Fermentation Introduction Fermentation is a microbiological reaction that takes place in the absence of oxygen. The reaction aids in the conversion of sugars to alcohol or lactic acid. Specifically the process of fermentation...
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Summary
Summary
1 pages (250 words)
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...anaerobic process into ethanol (a form of alcohol) by the action of yeast enzymes. However, the yeast enyzmes are often susceptible and very sensitive to ethanol toxicity that limits industrial production. The research study done by Caspeta et al. was intended to solve this problem by use and selection of specific yeast strains through laboratory evolution that are tolerant at the ≥40°C temperature at which ethanol... full Making Yeast more Tolerant at higher temperatures (article summary) 06 November The two articles on yeast fermentation and bio-fuel production are entitled “Altered sterol composition renders yeast thermotolerant” by Caspeta et al. and a second one is that of “Engineering alcohol...
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Haemoglobin plays a role in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Describe how this is accomplished at the molecular level. What happens to the relations
Haemoglobin plays a role in the transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide. Describe how this is accomplished at the molecular level. What happens to the relations
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...respiration when oxygen binds to the heme... Role of Hemoglobin Hemoglobin is one of the most important content of blood and helps in carrying oxygen to the tissues and carbon dioxide from the tissues to the lungs for expulsion. As the name indicates hemoglobin has two major parts the heme and globin, indicating that each subunit of hemoglobin is a globular protein with an embedded heme group. Each heme group contains an iron atom which is responsible for the binding of oxygen and each heme group is able to bind one oxygen molecule, and therefore one hemoglobin molecule can bind four oxygen molecules in humans. In order to understand the transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide at a molecular level, i...
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Case study - Physiological responses in cross-country sprint skiing; a study in regulation, control and homeostasis. (1500 words)
Case study - Physiological responses in cross-country sprint skiing; a study in regulation, control and homeostasis. (1500 words)
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic and aerobic systems The energy system that is likely to dominate the cross country race is the aerobic energy system. It does require oxygen. It operates the same way as the anaerobic since, the lactic anaerobic energy structure, the system of aerobic energy production must recruit straight the cellular respiration that is active... Exercise Exercise Sprint skiing During the exercise, there are a lot of psychological and physiological processes that take place in the body. It is important that the body recover from the abnormal functioning. However, the process of recovery entails a lot of factors and changes. The complications that involve as a result of the body trying to recovery depend on...
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Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic conditions with the resultant production of alcohol. The reaction is characterized by the regeneration of oxidized nicotinamide dinucleotide (NAD+), which is essential for maintenance of glycolysis under anaerobic conditions with resultant seizure of mitochondrial respiration. Estimation of NAD+ spectrophotometrically can therefore serve as an important method of estimating and monitoring... Enzymatic Analysis of Yeast Alcohol Dehydrogenase s Experiments were conducted to elaborate the mechanisms involved in alcoholic fermentation of glucose by estimation of 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-y)-2,5-diphenylformazan (aka MTT formazan). This serves as an important marker for alcohol dehydrogenase...
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Effects tillage system, fertilization and crop protection practices on soil quality parameters
Effects tillage system, fertilization and crop protection practices on soil quality parameters
14 pages (3500 words)
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...Respiration (SBR) 3 1.1.3 Metabolic Quotient (qCO2). 4 1.1.4 Potentially Mineralizable Nitrogen (Anaerobic) 5 1.2 Physical Indicators 7 1.2.1Soil Bulk Density 7 1.2.2 Water Holding Capacity 8 1.3 Chemical Indicators 9 1.3.1 Soil pH 9 1.3.2 Soil Organic Matter 10 1.4 Tillage System (Conventional and Organic) and Soil Quality 11 1.5 Management Effects and Indicators 13... soil respiration (Bloem et al., 2006). Soil basal respiration indicates the level of microbial activity in the soil and is positively correlated with biomass activity. It involves the aerobic and anaerobic energy yielding processes where the reduced organic and inorganic...
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Case studing (nursing science)
Case studing (nursing science)
3 pages (750 words)
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...anaerobic muscle activity. Reference: 1. Bailey,JL., Grivetti JY, et. al, Respiration http://academics.smcvt.edu/dfacey/animalphysiology/Respiration/AnPhystemplate.htm 2. Heart Rate Monitor Training for Triathletes Part I http://www.beginnertriathlete.com/cms/article-detail.asparticleid=53 3. Suleman, A. MD. Exercise Physiology Article Last Updated: Jul 28, 2006 http://www.emedicine.com/sports/topic145.htm#sectionCardiovascularSystemandExercise... Case Study (nursing science) This is a case of an athlete from Kenya, a 20 year old track star, arrives in Melbourne ahead of the commonwealth Games. He is in excellent health and has often run a mile in under 4 minutes. Having never won a major ...
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Module 3 SLP - microbial metabolic and environmental growth
Module 3 SLP - microbial metabolic and environmental growth
2 pages (500 words)
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...respiration, operates by virtue of electron acceptors. Oxygen serves as an electron acceptor in bacterial respiration (Brooks et al., 20097). Organisms which strictly require oxygen for its growth are called obligate anaerobes. Those that can proliferate with or without oxygen are called facultative aerobes while microorganisms that cannot... Environmental Factors Affecting Microbial Growth: Comparing Lactobacillus bulgaricus from Escherichia coli The maintenance of metabolic functionsto sustain microbial growth is greatly affected by environmental factors such as temperature, pH, nutrient availability, aeration, and the like (Hogg, 2005; Brooks et al., 2007). Since bacterial species are ubiquitous and...
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Physiology of Swimming
Physiology of Swimming
20 pages (5000 words)
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...respire by gently sloping the head to the direction as the equation of arm on the breathing side becomes one-half to three- quarters of the channel through the stroke. The breathing should not disrupt the stroke. A breathe, during this exercise... Running Head: PHYSIOLOGY OF SWIMMING Physiology of Swimming [The [The of the Physiology of SwimmingBackground of Swimming Historical findings suggest that swimming has been acknowledged as regular physical exercise early as 2500 BC. In the earliest time documented, it transpires that swimming took place in Assyria, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Even so, in Rome, swimming was included in the curriculum of the elementary education of boys. It was compulsory for the boy...
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Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
Microbial fuel cells and how cay they produce electricity
7 pages (1750 words)
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...respiration process are regulated under the given set of conditions where... ?"Microbial Fuel Cells" Electri has become the most vital component of human survival. To meet the mounting demands for electri new possibilities are constantly being excavated. Micro-organisms are exploited to meet these rising demands. Intensive studies have been carried out in recent years to utilize micro-organisms as a resource for energy generation. The present experiment was conducted to understand the capability of micro-organism Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 to produce electricity, as it is reported to possess electron accepting capacities allocating them to combine organic decomposition with reduction of terminal electron ...
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Week 3 Discussion-Environmental
Week 3 Discussion-Environmental
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic but also Gram- positive. These rod - like spores are resistant... Environmental – Food-borne Illness Botulism Order No. 308213 No. of pages: 2 6530 Botulism is a food borne disease caused by potent protein neurotoxins that is given off by ‘Clostridium Botulinum,’ which cause a lot of harm to the individual suffering from it. Its varied characteristics include vomiting, severe abdominal pain, disturbances to the motor system and other visual impairing difficulties. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention classify botulism into four types: (1) food-borne; (2) infants; (3) wounds and (4) indeterminate. The Clostridium Botulinum is a spore forming rod like structures that are not only anaero...
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Biology with citation
Biology with citation
2 pages (500 words)
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...anaerobic energy production and as a result lactic acid is accumulated inside the muscle cells. Well, I was gasping because, I needed more oxygen to supply to my body cells for aerobic respiration and my legs were shaking because of a freight hormone, adrenaline – it is released when one feels some kind of fear, for example, examination fear in this case. In addition, the lactic acid accumulation increases the acidity of the muscle cells and disrupts other metabolites, and the muscle strains occur. http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1079380/fitness_lactic_acid_buildup_during_pg2_pg2.html?cat=51 http... 1a.When I went to the top floor for taking my Mathematics paper, I was literally running. While...
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How photosynthesis and respiration are linked And how do they to provide you with energy from the food you eat
How photosynthesis and respiration are linked And how do they to provide you with energy from the food you eat
3 pages (750 words)
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...respiration are linked in order to provide you with energy from the food you eat. Humans belong to the group known as heterotrophs that cannot make their own food, hence are dependent on other organisms, like plants and animals, for deriving their food. Plants and animals belong to the group known as autotrophs that are create their own food (Audesirk, Audesirk, and Byers, 2008). Plants use raw inorganic materials, as water and carbon dioxide and transform them into organic compounds, as starch and sugar, using sunlight as energy, in a process known as photosynthesis (fig 1). During photosynthesis, sunlight causes the water and carbon dioxide... to be changed into oxygen and sugar (glucose)...
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Sports medicine/science
Sports medicine/science
10 pages (2500 words)
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...anaerobic glycolysis), involves the rapid breakdown of muscle glycogen (glycolysis) under anaerobic conditions. ATP... Introduction: All sporting events require an athlete to adhere to certain training principles and guidelines. However, the training methods and requirements will vary. The training principles of a marathon runner will differ from that of a sprint runner. A knowledge of the body’s physiology and its application in the training regimen is thus very vital. In the past few decades, the disciplines of exercise science and exercise medicine have also evolved greatly to help sportspersons achieve their goal. SPORT AND EXERCISE MEDICINE “Sport and exercise medicine is a discipline, which draws...
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How might the anatomy and physiology of persons who were born and raised at very high altitudes be different from those who were born and raised in the lowlands and have only recently become acclimated to high elevations
How might the anatomy and physiology of persons who were born and raised at very high altitudes be different from those who were born and raised in the lowlands and have only recently become acclimated to high elevations
5 pages (1250 words)
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...respiration, sweating metabolism and blood distribution. The secondary responses may take months or years such as the abilities of a person to work, population distribution and changes in fertility. One of the experiences people have when they move from a low to a high altitude area is that they have oxygen deprivation or hypoxia. Hypoxia is when the person experiences low atmospheric pressure in the lungs making it hard to pass through oxygen. The lungs of people from low altitude areas are small, and they are deprived... Differences in the anatomy and physiology of persons who moved from lower altitudes to become acclimated to higher altitudes Institution: Instructors name: Course name: Date due: Intro...
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Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
16 pages (4000 words)
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...anaerobic system of glycolisys and aerobic system or mitochondrial respiration. End product of all systems is ATP (adenosine three phosphate) which is the main energy source for the cell metabolism. During low level exercises human muscles almost exclusively use aerobic mitochondrial metabolism as for energy production. It is much more effective process of energy production because from one molecule of glucose it produces 30... ? Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes Professional cycling is among the most physically demanding sports with a combination of extreme duration, intensity and frequency of the physical demand. Professional cyclists have approximately 100...
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Training for Health, Fitness and Sport
Training for Health, Fitness and Sport
8 pages (2000 words)
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...anaerobic endurance, muscular endurance, agility, flexibility, power, balance speed and coordination. For the purpose of this assignment the few that are of particular importance are aerobic endurance, anaerobic endurance, muscular endurance and flexibility because they enhance players’ effectiveness in the field leading to better performance. In addition, the discussed fitness would also reduce their chances of acquiring injuries and ensure quick recovery in case they get injuries (Spade & Valentine 2010). Aerobic endurance Aerobic endurance is the engagement of an individual in the sport... Introduction Training is a consistent progression of exercises meant for improving the health status of an...
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Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes
16 pages (4000 words)
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...anaerobic system of glycolisys and aerobic system or mitochondrial respiration. End product of all systems is ATP (adenosine three phosphate) which is the main energy source for the cell metabolism. During low level exercises human muscles almost exclusively use aerobic mitochondrial metabolism as for energy production. It is much more effective process of energy production because from one molecule of glucose it produces 30... Literature review of supplements and erogoeinc aids used by cycling athletes Professional cycling is among the most physically demanding sports witha combination of extreme duration, intensity and frequency of the physical demand. Professional cyclists have approximately 100...
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Theory of Evolution and Evidence for Natural Selection
Theory of Evolution and Evidence for Natural Selection
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Respiration The process which all life forms use to transform glucose into energy is known as cellular respiration. Essentially, food is transformed into ATP, which is what cells derive energy from. Although respiration in most life forms happens in the presence of oxygen (known as aerobic respiration) there are some simpler organisms which do not use oxygen (anaerobic). In aerobic respiration, glucose and oxygen are transformed into carbon dioxide, water and ATP. The process involves four distinct stages. The first stage is known as Glycolysis... ?Theory of Evolution and evidence for natural selection The term “evolution” in biology refers to the process through which plants, animals and otherliving...
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Lactic acid and ethanol fermentation
Lactic acid and ethanol fermentation
5 pages (1250 words)
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...anaerobic respiratory systems which take place in absence of oxygen. In other words, fermentation process replaces aerobic respiration to provide energy the absence of oxygen. However, this kind of replacement is only temporary... ? Number] Lactic acid and ethanol fermentation Introduction The word Fermentation is derived from Latin verb “fever” which means “to boil”. It is the process through which energy is derived from the oxidation of organic compounds such as carbohydrates, by using an electron accepter, usually an inner organic compound. In bio-chemistry, fermentation is an enzyme-catalyzed, a process of energy generation, in which organic compounds act both as donors as well as acceptors of...
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The Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell
The Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
...anaerobic organisms needed to evolve methods of coping with the presence of oxygen. These organisms evolved to be the organisms know today as eukaryotes. Direct filiation is the classical view of the evolution of eukaryotic organisms. This theory states that all organisms derived directly from a unique ancestral population by the accumulation of single step mutations, and that the same mutational mechanisms known to operate... Evolution of the Eukaryotic Cell Introduction In the Proterozoic Era, 2.5 billion to 544 million years ago, the atmospheric level of oxygen increased to 15% due to oxygen producing cyanobacteria. The levels of oxygen in the atmosphere produced a fatal environment in which anae...
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Ecosystems in South West Australia
Ecosystems in South West Australia
6 pages (1500 words)
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...anaerobic receives less nutrients due to rapid ammonification than nitrification. Inability to utilize oxygen hinders the conversion of nitrites to nitrates and therefore, most of the nitrogen is stored in immobilized form. Figure 2: illustration of the decomposition process https://www.google.com/images/branding/product/ico/googleg_lodp.ico Question Three When a wetland ecosystem becomes seasonally... Ecosystems in South West Australia al Affiliation Ecosystems in South West Australia Question One Projection about the prospect of climate change in South West Australian is a course of concern since the region has become 25% drier over the past few decades (Hughes, 2003). It is predicted that future...
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Shock at the cellular level
Shock at the cellular level
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
...respiration is replaced by anaerobic glycolysis. This leads to excessive production of lactic acid. The metabolic lactic acidosis lowers the tissue pH and blunts vasomotor response. The arterioles dilate and blood pools in microcirculation. This further worsens anoxia of the endothelial cells and leads to disseminated intravascular coagulation. The cardiac output also worsens. Gradually, the vital organs begin to fail. Unless there is some appropriate intervention, this stage will progress to irreversible stage (Mitchell, p.140). 3. Irreversible stage: In this stage, the cellular and tissue injuries cannot be reversed despite hemodynamic correction. There...
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Identification of unknown
Identification of unknown
4 pages (1000 words)
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...respiration of a bacteria is key in the identification process. Before performing the experiment one should have adequate knowledge in staining methods, isolation techniques, microbial nutrition, biochemical characteristics and general characteristics of microorganisms to be able to identify the unknown bacteria. It is vital to differentiate the bacterial culture in order to make correct diagnosis... Laboratory Report: Identification of Unknown Bacterial Culture Introduction The use of diagnostic bacteriology has made it possible to identify unknown bacterial cultures from clinical and environmental materials based on their metabolic or biochemical characteristics. Specific enzyme function and cellular...
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Environmental effects on bacterial growth
Environmental effects on bacterial growth
3 pages (750 words)
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...respiration enzymes from the strains used in Part E? For the strains used in part E, there will be optimal growth when the amount of oxygen available is sufficient for their growth. 6. How does an enriched medium compare to enrichment medium? An enriched medium refers to a media that contains some extra sources that boost the growth of the fastidious organisms and in most cases; they are solid media like agar and blood agar media. Enrichment medium refers... Environmental effects on bacterial growth Introduction There are a limited number of living organisms in the world that can survive under almost all possible environmental conditions. Living organisms are limited by the ecological circumstances by...
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1) Describe the physical and chemical requirements for microbial growth and: a. The industrial production of Yogurt. b. The role of microbes in the nitrogen cycle. c. The role of microbes in the spoilage of jam. Everyone does a. and b. and c. 2) P
1) Describe the physical and chemical requirements for microbial growth and: a. The industrial production of Yogurt. b. The role of microbes in the nitrogen cycle. c. The role of microbes in the spoilage of jam. Everyone does a. and b. and c. 2) P
4 pages (1000 words)
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...respiration. Different microbes require different oxygen concentrations while others do not require oxygen at all, or strictly die in its presence (Chaudhary, 2008, p. 365). Trace elements such as zinc, copper and iron are used by microbes to synthesize important enzymes... Microbiology Number Department Physical and Chemical Requirements for Microbial Growth Microbial growth basically refers to a general increase in the number of microbial cells thus forming populations. For microbes to grow there are certain physical and chemical requirements that should essentially be in place. Chemical requirements for microbial growth include water and other mineral elements, gases and growth factors. Mineral...
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Pick up a topic from my PDF
Pick up a topic from my PDF
8 pages (2000 words)
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...respiration (breakdown of glucose to yield energy). It is believed that the first cellular life forms were anaerobic heterotrophs because they lacked fully functional mitochondria. For example... ). Trichomonas vaginalis outgrow other beneficial bacteria and infect the vaginal lining under suitable conditions of acidity. Protists generally carry out three main metabolic activities, which are photosynthesis, nitrogen fixation, and respiration. Metabolic paths in Protists involve many materials and pathways, some of which are unique to this group only. Blue-green algae or the cyanobacteria use chlorophyll a and other pigments known as phycobilins for photosynthesis. Phycobilins...
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Causes Of Bent Grass And Effect Of Soil Compaction On Turf Recovery
Causes Of Bent Grass And Effect Of Soil Compaction On Turf Recovery
11 pages (2750 words)
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...respiration and proper maturation. In the absence of an adequate respiratory exchange nutrient uptake by the root system is impeded, as well as the growth of aerophilic microbes that coexist among the root system and would normally be contributing to nutrient availability. The issue of oxygen deficit is another risk-factor for malnourishment... ?CAUSES OF BENT GRASS AND EFFECT OF SOIL COMPACTION ON TURF RECOVERY Parklands, college campuses, athletic fields, and farms have an interest in controlling the damage to turfgrasses from foot traffic. The consequences of heavy traffic to grasses, as well as soil are quantified. Measurements and variables are described that influence the height potential of...
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Microbiology College Essay
Microbiology College Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic and salt... MIC256244 If ATP is such an important energy source for prokaryotic cells, why do you think it is not routinely added to the growth medium for theseorganisms (10 pts) Hint: explanation and purposes of metabolism The Gram positive cell wall is made up of peptidoglycan and on its surface the Teichoic acids protrude out. Teichoic acids give the Gram positive cell wall an overall negative charge due to the presence of phosphodiester bonds between Teichoic acid monomers. As the lipopolysaccharides are highly charged, the Gram negative cell wall has an overall negative charge. The net charge on ATP molecule is also negative so it will not be absorbed in the cytoplasm (Pelczar, Chan and ...
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The effects of exercise benefits
The effects of exercise benefits
5 pages (1250 words)
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...respiration. This helps the regulation of blood in the body maintain normal processes and prevent diseases. Engaging... ?Full Physical, Psychological and Social Benefits of Exercise Diseases are constantly increasing in number around the world so that people are becoming more aware and active in maintaining a healthy lifestyle. As it has been proven for centuries, prevention is better than cure. This is the idea of most people especially those who are at high risk of having serious diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, high blood pressure, osteoporosis and other problems like obesity, depression and anxiety. Nowadays, it is not only the people at risk of such circumstances who are getting more...
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Chemistry and the Environment
Chemistry and the Environment
4 pages (1000 words)
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...anaerobic decomposition and these fuels are chiefly comprised in coal, gas, and oil. Besides being a flexible non-renewable energy source, based on their structure, depositional environment, and thermal reactions, fossil fuels reflect the social relevance of drawing a potential attraction due... Chemistry and the Environment Describe the general properties of the atmosphere known as troposphere, stratosphereand the ionosphere. Describe the composition of unpolluted air at sea level.   The unpolluted air or atmosphere at sea level is chiefly made of gases kept in place by the effect of Earth’s gravity at an average temperature of about 14 C. Nitrogen and oxygen predominantly comprise the Earth’s...
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