...anaerobes. They survive in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The yeast makes ATP by aerobic respiration in the presence of oxygen but turns to fermentation under anaerobic condition.
Boulton, C., & Quain, D. (2008). Brewing Yeast and Fermentation. Chicester: Wiley.
Buglass, A. (2011). Handbook of alcoholic beverages. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons.
Vogel, H., & Todaro, C. Fermentation and Biochemical Engineering Handbook.... Alcoholic Fermentation Introduction Fermentation is a microbiological reaction that takes place in the absence of oxygen. The reaction aids in the conversion of sugars to alcohol or lactic acid. Specifically the process of fermentation...