Anatomy
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...Anatomy: Chemical Composition of Bone World over, osteoarthritis and osteoporosis are getting reported at a relatively younger age. Perhaps it is due to the insufficient intake of calcium. This study on composition of bone throws light on causes and effect of lack of calcium in the body as well as on why older people are more prone to bone fracture. To understand this, it is important to observe the role of calcium within the bone structure. Calcium is the mineral the body uses to build bones and teeth. The bone is a natural composite material. Living cells in the body make it. It is made up of organic and inorganic... Binay Srivastava Order # 190530 21 November 2007...
Human Anatomy
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...Anatomy The scientific study of human body morphology describes human anatomy. Scientists subdivide human anatomy into two segments that include gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy studies those anatomical structures that someone can see with naked eyes while microscopic anatomy studies structures like histology which one can only see them with the assistance of a microscope since they are minute. Despite going through evolution, human anatomy still maintains most of its ancient segmental patterns that are also present in vertebrates with basic body components repeated. Whilst studying human anatomy, it would prove vital for us took into human body organs that scientists... Human...
Energy Anatomy
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...Anatomy al Affiliation The human body has a number of locations that have concentrated energy centers, which are referred to as chakras. There are an overall of seven chakras within an entire human body. These energy centers are linked to certain illnesses especially with reference to the past emotional experiences, and this clearly explains why some illnesses heal while others are hard to heal. It has been proven that one’s spirit has the capacity to heal the body with divine connection. It has also been proven that the best way to keep the chakras energized and balanced is simply by loving oneself, and extending the love to those around unconditionally as this is the best natural way... Energy...
Human Anatomy
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...Anatomy Case Mrs. Jones at the moment is experiencing physical changes, where she cannot take care of herself in terms of cook for herself, do laundry and also do shopping for herself. This also includes walking where she occasionally falls. Thus, has physical incapacity hence requires help from the children. Elsie cannot make decisions that are concrete and rightful; rather she needs someone to make basic decisions for her. She also is unable to assimilate new information given to her due to memory loss. Socially, she is incapable because she cannot move around and associates with people outside her homestead, as it were before age crept. Emotionally, she does not want to leave her... ? Study of Human...
Anatomy & Physiology
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...Anatomy & Physiology: Parkinsons disease Parkinsons Disease epidemiology, aetiology and prevalence between the genders Discovered in 1817 by James Parkinson, this malady up to date its aetiology remains a mystery (Grosset, Fernandez, Katherine & Okun, 2009). This is despite the state of the current advanced medical field’s expertise whereby it continues to affect numerous people’s lives detrimentally. However, numerous practitioners and researchers have come up with extremely conflicting, varying and confusing multifactorial theories, which they have postulated regarding what could be the aetiology of this condition (Grosset, Fernandez, Katherine & Okun, 2009). Recent...
Bone Anatomy
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...anatomy Question Diaphysis is also referred the shaft of the long bone. Epiphysis is end part of the long bone formed from secondary ossification. It contains a lot of cartilaginous material. Metaphysis is the zone of growth that develops between the epiphysis and diaphysis as growth and development takes place. Question 2 The shoulder contains the pelvic girdle which contains the scapula and the clavicle. The scapula further holds the humerus. The humerus which is the arm further connects to the fore arm which is composed of radius and ulna. The fore arm radius and ulna further connects to the wrist which contains the carpal bones. The carpals then connect to the...
Anatomy MRI
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...Anatomy Magnetic Resonance Imaging Anatomy Magnetic Resonance Imaging Anatomy of Elbow joint Elbow joint is a complex synovial joint. It is formed of combined articulation of Humerus, ulna and radius bones of upper extremity along with joint capsule and pair of ligaments to provide strength and stability. Elbow offers wide range of movements such as flexion, extension, pronation and supination. Morphology Elbow joint comprises of distal end of Humerus which consists of trochlea and capitellum that articulate with the proximal end of Ulna and head of Radius respectively to form hinge. Radius also articulates with Ulna at the radial notch...
Human Anatomy
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...Anatomy The fact that Alice shrank was fantasy; but it is quite intriguing to know, how that ten year old girl shrinking to almost one-hundredth of her usual size did manage to carry out the usual bodily functions in a perfect way. Lewis Carroll, however, didn't think of that - though he did spin a fascinating web of fiction that compelled millions to hold their beating breath till the end of a very interesting story. In order to figure out the nature of physiologic adaptations that her body underwent after the shrinkage, proper consideration of a few cardinal factors becomes necessary, thereby helping the body to run as normally as possible with minimal or no...
Anatomy, Physiology & Disease
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...Anatomy, Physiology, and Disease Anatomy, physiology, and disease One of the es of disease that causes the largest threat to public health today is communicable disease. According to Hall, Hall and Cockerell (2011), the spread of communicable diseases is today expedited by urbanization, poverty, as well as issues of climate change that change peoples behavior hence the spread. Communicable diseases also poses the largest health threat due to the fact that they can easily be spread from one person to another. There has been improvement in terms of the impacts of communicable disease as a result of advancements in technology and continuing studies aimed at...
Anatomy and Physiology
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...anatomy and physiology can be related to this phenomenon. Let's discuss these problems. The locomotoric system of children is developing intensively... Child's organism is not just a small copy of adult body (Rowland T., 2005). It has some distinctive peculiarities - morphological, functional and psychological. The different anatomical and histological structure and biochemical composition determine age-specific functional capabilities presented by immaturity of adopting mechanism, by greater sensitivity to environmental impacts (e.g. stress factors). Exercises and sport could be considered as powerful tools of optimising adaptive capabilities of child organism. Thus, which characteristics of child's'...
Is Anatomy Destiny?
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1 , Research Paper
...Anatomy Destiny It is intuitive to everyone that there are anatomical differences that exist between males and females which are brought about by biological influences such as genetic factors in the human body. Many people believe that the gender roles in the society is well defined and determined by the anatomy of an individual from birth while others believe that gender is a social construct and that men and women are equal and roles are not tied to anatomy in any way whatsoever. This paper is going to explore the issue of sex and gender and whether the physical and physiological differences between males and females determine their destiny. First the paper will look into the anatomical... ...
Conjunctiva Histology and Anatomy
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...Anatomy of the Eye: Conjunctiva 2005) Function of Conjunctiva It moistens the eye' The production of the transparent mucous thick fluid acts as a lubricant It aids in tear production to maintain the eye cleanness. Protects the eye from pathogenic invasions Protect the eye from foreign material to directly come in contact like dust. References Anatomy of the Eye: Conjunctiva, Mission for Vision, 2005 http://www.missionforvisionusa.org/anatomy/2005/11/conjunctiva.html Blue Histology - The Eye, School of Anatomy and Human Biology - The University of Western...
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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...ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY   Contents Synthetic Blood Synthetic blood has had a checkered history in the past few decades. Although some efforts have focused on fluorocarbons as substitutes for blood, the oxygen-carrying capacity and oxygen-releasing capacity, coupled with the ability to absorb and release carbon dioxide, has not lived up to the promise hoped for several decades ago (Moore). Part of the problem with synthetic blood is that the alternative, donor blood, has improved over the years. In 1978, when the first US patent was issued, the primary mode of transfusion was for “whole units” of blood, including platelets, plasma, red cells, white cells and other...
Human Anatomy and Physiology
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...Anatomy and Physiology Human Anatomy and Physiology By studying the movements required for the execution of a kick in a football game, one can trace the various activities required to move three of the more common types of joints in the human body, the ball and socket joint, the hinge joint and the pivot joint. These motions can be seen in the hip, the knee and the neck respectively as the player swings his foot, straightens his leg and turns his head to follow the trajectory of the ball. How these joints work, including the muscles involved and the exact movements produced, will be discussed throughout this paper. Ball and Socket Joint The hip joint is a good example of a ball and socket... Human...
Anatomy
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...Question B is the correct answer: Because it does not have an interneuron. This is because stretch reflex takes place without thinking like coughing to clean the windpipe and the process does not occur through the spinal cord. C (because it has two interneurons) is a wrong answer because all processes that take place through the spinal cord are the ones that have two interneurons. Question # 8 A is the correct answer because dendrites are charged with the function of composing information from most receptive cells. Additionally, they are also spread all over the body. C is wrong because it is involved in relaying the collected information from the sensory organs; therefore, they have... B is the...
Anatomy
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... Exam V: Lymphatic, Immunity and Respiratory Answers to multiple choice questions (incorrect choices are in green and the correct choices are in red) 1. A: eosinophil was the incorrect choice chose this because they are also associated with allergies too, but they do not produce histamines. B: this is the correct answer because Basophil are chiefly responsible for antigen and allergic responses by releasing the chemical histamine causing vasodilation. 2. C: this was incorrect because despite the fact that monocytes are actively involved in eating up of parasites and thus are involved in parasitic... Exam V:...
Human Anatomy: Seizure
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...Anatomy: Seizure Interview Theme Rahman Theme 2: Abdulrahman Theme 3: Anod’s Theme 4: Anees’s Rahman’s guardian: He was born in Saudi Arabia. The child has another problem because he losses consciousness when confused, worried, or stressed. However, he is under medication and the physician said that the problem would come to an end in his later age. Abdulrahman guardian: He was born in Saudi Arabia. We came to Australia when he was 10 months old. He has a problem with communication as he mixes English and Arabic in one sentence. He is very smart and active. Last year was very stressful for him; the coming of his twin siblings changed him a lot. His first seizure was just three days after... ? Human...
TV Series: Greys Anatomy
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...anatomy Grey’s anatomy is arguably one of the most watched television programs in the United s of America. The television show, which falls in the drama genre of television programs, revolves around the daily lives of surgeons at a local hospital. The drama explores the daily activities of the surgeons, the challenges that the career presents to the surgeons and how amicably they solve their problems. The stories of each episode develop from the lead actor, Meredith Grey a denizen of the health facility and the relationship between her and her husband Derek Shepherd and other doctors at the Seattle Grace Hospital. Market model of media contents dictate...
Human Anatomy: Heart Disease
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...Anatomy: Heart Disease Introduction Human heart is a muscular organ which is also the most vital element in the human body. It functions as the blood pumping station that ensures continuous blood circulation through the cardiac circle. Since heart is the vital and sole organ that pumps blood throughout the body cells, its failure will cause death. The rampant increase in the number of heart patients can be attributed to the changing life styles and food habits. This paper will discuss the overall anatomy of the heart and the path of blood flow. It will also evaluate anatomical cardiovascular concepts to get an idea about heart diseases. Overall anatomy of the heart An average... ? (Assignment) Human...
Anatomy and physiology
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...Anatomy and Physiology’ explains the mechanism of muscular movements in great detail, one has to see these muscles displayed the way they are in this exhibition to appreciate what “actually” goes on under our skin. On display was a skinless male figure posed similar to the famous Rodin sculpture ‘The Thinker’ highlighting the muscular system, the spinal chord and the brain. I was impressed to see how the display of human anatomy can change my perspective of the thinking man. In another display a skinned human cadaver was arranged to appear as though it was about to kick a ball. With individual muscles peeled away from the skeleton, this specimen illustrated how the body’s... March 15, 2007 BODIES…The...
Applied anatomy and physiology
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...Anatomy and physiology -750 words (Support with literature) The normal anatomy and physiology of the patient with type II diabetes includes normal blood pressure but the patient presented the case of hypotension. This condition can be explained by the use of drug Amlodipine. The normal physiology of a 45 year old male does not include... Introduction I work as a healthcare assistant in private ward in one of London’s neurological hospitals. I admitted this patient in the hospital. Theinitial procedure was to insert a Ventriculo Peritoneal Shunt but it turned out that the patient was diabetic. He was informed of the procedures and the purpose of meeting in advance. The patient’s confidentiality is always...
Anatomy and Physiology
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...Anatomy and Physiology Question One Bony Callus refers to the deposits of bone that is formed around and between the edges of fractured bones during the fourth week of normal fractured healing processes. This process involves seaming of the sprouting vessels of the granulation tissue by osteoid. There is also differentiation of the osteoblasts from the pluripotent mesenchyme in order for the bony callus to be replaced finally by a strong bone tissue. As stated by White & Folkens (2005), bony callus consists of the initial fibrous connective tissues that function to bridge the broken bone surface thus tying them together and takes about six weeks to fully develop. Question...
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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...ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Answers: Part 1. The frequency of the recurrent bacterial infections of the ear is suggestive of a deficiency in the immune system of Joe. This is because since birth the immune system of Joe should mature and enable prevention of frequent infections. The cause of which is the result of genetic factors or environmental factors or a combination of both. Inherited structural changes in the bony structure of the ear could lead to blockage of the eustachian tube in the ear allowing for bacterial growth. The other possibility is HIV infection transmitted from the mother. Contact with bacteria infecting other members of the family or other children, if...
Anatomy and Physiology 1
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...Anatomy and Physiology 1. A coroner was unable to remove the drug vial clutched in a suicide victim’s hand. This is because of rigor mortis. Rigor mortis is stiffening of the body after death due to disappearance of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from the muscle. The muscles of the body become rigid and the joints immobile. In order for muscle to contract, energy is needed and ATP is the major source. Muscles need a continuous supply of ATP to contract. The aerobic system, the glycogen-lactic acid system and the phosphagen are metabolic systems responsible for supplying ATP in the muscles. After death, the consumption of ATP continues but the generation stops. Therefore in the absence of ATP... 7 May...
Write human anatomy essay
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...Anatomy: Digestive System”. Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds. 11 May 2008. . 2. “Your Digestive System and How It Works”. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearing House (NDDIC). 11 May 2008. . 3. “Digestive enzymes”. Vitamins & health supplements guide. 11 May 2008. .... Digestive System Introduction: The digestive system in the human body has the functions of ingesting food, digesting it and absorbing the required nutrients for the body. For this purpose it is made up of a long hollow tube that extends from the lips of the mouth to the anus between the two lower limbs, with other organs whose secretions assist in the digestive process. The Mouth: Ingested food enters the dig...
Anatomy and Physiology - Concepts
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...ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY - CONCEPTS goes here] [Your goes here] [Due the paper] Answer Part a The menstrual cycle occurs every month in women from the age of puberty till menopause. An ovarian cycle refers to the process in which a mature oocyte erupts from the ovary and moves down to the uterus. When fertilization occurs, the egg comes to the uterus where the development of embryo begins. The response of the ovarian cycle in case of fertilization is that the uterine lining becomes thick in anticipation of implantation of a fertilized egg. The uterine lining becomes thick because of progesterone secreted by corpus luteum that forms in the ovary. In case of fertilization, the egg is implanted... ...
Anatomy and Physiology
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...anatomy and physiology. It is composed of two specific layers known as the epidermis and the dermis, and a final... Chapter Summary, 4-5 The human body is composed of four types of tissues. These tissues are known as epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue. Epithelial tissue is essentially composed of skin and glands. Connective tissue refers to blood, the skeletal structure and cartilage. The heart and muscular system are classified as muscle tissue. Nerves as well as epithelial membranes are appropriately made up of nerve tissue membranes. The purpose of this paper is to discuss the tissues of the body as well as elaborate on their functions. Epithelial tissue is funct...
Anatomy of the Eye
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...anatomy of the eye "The human eye is the organ which gives us the sense of sight, allowing us to learn more about the surrounding world morethan with any of the other four senses. The eye allows us to see and interpret the shapes, colors, and dimensions of objects in the world by processing the light they reflect or emit. The eye is able to see in bright light or in dim light, but it cannot see objects when light is absent"1. When we look at an object, light rays are reflected from the object to the cornea. The light rays are bent, refracted and focused by the cornea, lens, and vitreous. The lens provides a sharp focus on the retina, where the resulting image is upside down. From here... - Basic anatomy...
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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...Anatomy and Physiology List the type of hormone and function of ADH, ACTH, aldosterone, cortisol, insulin, oxytocin, T3, TSH, PTH and GH. A.ADH: Protein hormone: Conserves water and concentrates urine. B. ACTH: Protein hormone: Controls release of cortisol from adrenal cortex. C. Aldosterone: Steroid hormone: Causes renal sodium retention and expands ECF volume. D. Cortisol: Steroid hormone: Regulation of protein, carbohydrate, lipid metabolism. E. Insulin: Protein hormone: Glucose metabolism and neoglucogenesis. F. Oxytocin: Protein hormone: Increased force of contraction of the uterus. G. T3: Peptide: Controls metabolism of the body in general. H. TSH: Peptide hormone: Release of T3... Anatomy and...
Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy
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...Anatomy Question number 1: Seals which belong to this taxonomic order: Kingdom Animalia, Phylum Chordata, Subphylum Vertebrata, Class Mammalia, Order Carnivora, Suborder Pinnipedia, Family Phocidae, Subfamily Phocinae, Genus Phoca, Species Phoca vitulina have a counter-current system in their flippers to maintain the body temperature even though blood circulates to these flippers and back to the core of the body(Norwalk, 2005). The body temperature of seals is protected by their thick layer of subcutaneous blubber against their living environment's (cold sea water) temperature which is ranging... [Insert s s Insert Identification information here] [Insert here] [Insert here] Comparative Vertebrate...
Anatomy
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... C. Correct answer explanation: Mastication involves chewing in the mouth. Mastication is the physical break down of food. Wrong answer explanation: Digestion involves chemical breakdown in the stomach and enzymes take part in the process 2. D Correct answer explanation for. When food enters the stomach it starts churning that involves muscular relaxation and contraction Wrong answer explanation: Peristalsis is a radially symmetrical relaxation and contraction of muscles in waves down the muscular tube (GIT) 5).C Wrong answer explanation: Extrinsic muscle is not related to voluntary control Explanation for correct answer: Skeletal muscles are voluntary muscles and they can contract... C. Correct answer ...
Four Major Themes of Anatomy
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...Anatomy Affiliation: Anatomical symmetry This refers to how organs are arranged in an individual or in a living thing on observation from every angle, for example most human beings have bilateral symmetry after observation from a longitudinal point of view where one can separate the body into two longitudinally and get the same features one half that are on the other half. Redundancy Refers to certain parts of the human body being able to perform the same kind of movement or work over and over again. This is true for example for the neurons in the nervous system which keep on transferring information from one part of the body to the other or the muscles in the joints which keep... Four Major Themes of...
The Anatomy of Temperature Essay
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...Anatomy The anatomy of temperature is fairly simple. The human body temperature is part of a homeostatic mechanism to keep the body at around 37 degrees Celsius (Norman, 2000). The reason for this is that temperature is very important in chemical reactions, as it can have a dramatic effect on the speed of these, and a vast number of reactions occur in the body daily (Henderson, 1964). Additionally, the human body is reliant on a number of enzymes, many of which are at optimum operating levels at this temperature, with higher temperatures possibly leading to the denaturation of these (Timby, 2008). It is important to keep temperature at roughly this level, as extremely high or low... ?Temperature Anatomy...
Title: conjunctiva Histology and anatomy
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...Anatomy... What is the conjunctiva? The conjunctiva is the thin transparent membrane that covers the white area of the eye, folds back to continue to the inner portion of the eyelid (Blue Histology: the eye) It is composed of 3 sections: 1. Palpebral conjunctiva 2. Bulbar conjunctiva (coats the anterior portion of the eyeball) 3. Fornix (the transition portion forming the junction between the posterior eyelid and the eyeball) The palpebral conjunctiva is moderately thick covering the posterior surface of the eyelids and is red in color. The bulbar conjunctiva is thin sensitive very mobile portion which slides back and forth over the eyeball along with its vessels. Within the bulbar conjunctiva are go...
Functional Anatomy of the Shoulder
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...Anatomy of the Shoulder The article “Functional Anatomy of the Shoulder” is an article written by Glenn C. Terry and Thomas M. Chopp in the year 2000. The article highlights the anatomy of the shoulder and presents with the role of the bones, muscles and the joints of the shoulder in bringing about the movement of the shoulder. It presents with the fact that integrity of all the functional components of the shoulder are essential for bringing about the normal function of the shoulder. The shoulder comprises of three bones which include the clavicle, scapula and the humerus. The shoulder brings about its movement around four joints. These include the glenohumeral, acromioclavicular... Functional Anatomy...
Anatomy & physiology/My fantastic voyage
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...Anatomy and Physiology/My Fantastic Voyage The first major structure to pass through is the mouth. At the mouth, we find teeth and there is a lot of mechanical digestion and mixing of food with the saliva. Teeth help in the mechanical digestion and tongue assists in the mixing of food with saliva. The first digestion starts in the mouth. Starch is the only component that begins its digestion in the mouth. The food molecule (starch) is digested by enzymes from the salivary secretions. The enzyme responsible for the digestion of starch is amylase. The starch is broken into two monosaccharide units called disaccharides. Maltose is the disaccharide formed. A small amount of...
Anatomy of a Olympic Team
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...Anatomy of the Great Britain Olympic Swimming Team Anatomy of the Great Britain Olympic Swimming Team The Olympic Games was eagerly awaited by the British, as their country’s capital city, London, was playing the host of this grand event. As always, this sporting event generated the hottest competition, as athletes from all around the world came to London to take part in it. Generally, expectations from all the British athletes who had qualified for these games were high, the reason being that a majority of the crowd, being British, would be supporting them immensely. Unfortunately, the British Swimming Team turned up with only three medals, rather than...
Applied Anatomy and Physiology (Case Study)
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...Anatomy and Physiology (Case Study) Applied Anatomy and Physiology (Case Study) The term physiology can be defined as the dynamic study of life and basically describes the vital functions of living beings inclusive of organs, cells and molecules. This discipline for a couple of centuries has been closely linked to medicine. In contrast to the fields of anatomy, structural biology and anatomy which primarily focus on morphology, physiology is tightly related to these fields. This is because morphology and functions of the organ systems and cells function in tandem interchangeably. Physiology can be grouped into several categories depending on what the physiologists are studying (Marieb... ? Applied...
The Anatomy of Human Digestive System
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...Anatomy of Human Digestive System Introduction Digestion is the process wherein food is mechanically and chemically breaks down into smaller pieces small enough to be utilized and absorb by the body. The human digestive system beginsfrom the mouth, passed through the esophagus, stomach, and the intestinesup to the anus for elimination. Digestion starts with the processing of food mechanically in the mouth. Food is crashed and grounded by teeth, the process is called mastication. This increases the surface area that makes it easier for enzymes to break it down further. Enzymes from the saliva also help to soften the food and breaks down carbohydrates molecules. Partially digested food... the...
Rembrandt-the anatomy lesson of Dr . tulip
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...Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulip” By Rembrandt Rembrandt’s portrait “The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolas Tulip” was painted in 1632. The purpose of the painting was to depict the guild of Surgeons with Amsterdam’s renowned surgeon Dr. Nicolas Tulip performing autopsy. The theme is human autopsy and inquisitive presence of fellow doctors to learn the marvels of human body mechanism. The skilled doctors in the portraits are painted in clear light, where their faces are vivid and one can clearly see their facial features. They are wearing long black cloaks, which hides their bodies except Dr. Tulip who is wearing a formal/traditional suit. Their distinctive white collars are a symbol... Number] “The...
Anatomy and phisiology of the circulatory system
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...Anatomy and Physiology First, middle initial, last) (Your college Human Circulatory system: Anatomy and Physiology The human circulatory system is made up of two systems, the cardiovascular system and the lymphatic system. The two systems work in cohort. The cardiovascular system consists mainly of heart, arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins. The lymphatic system consists of the lymph, capillaries, the lymphatic vessels and the lymph nodes. It is estimated that if all the blood vessels were connected end to end, they would measure more than 60,000 miles. The amazing function of the heart is to pump blood though these 60,000 miles; blood which carries... ? Human Circulatory system:...
Human Anatomy The body in movement
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...Anatomy and Body Movements An Anatomy can be referred to as the study of the way body parts are arranged and structured and their functional relationships. Body muscles are always responsible for all the movements in the body. They dictate both voluntary and involuntary movements in the daily lives of human beings. Human body movements are further facilitated by body joints. Human beings have a rare structure that enables them to stand up and make movements against the gravitational pull. This ability is advocated to the presence of body muscles in their bodies. In the absence of muscles human skeleton would collapse as a result of the gravitational pull....
The Human Anatomy and Possible Threats
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...Anatomy The Human Anatomy and Possible Threats The body works in similar fashion to a machine (Platzer, Leonhardt, Frotscher, and Kahle, 2004). This is because It has different systems which make up the body thus enabling it to operate effectively. Just like a machine, if one part is faulty, the rest of the parts will not function effectively (Wolfsthal, 2008). The different systems undertake different tasks and encompass various body organs ((Rahl, 2010). This paper aims to undertake an in depth analysis of various body systems and explore how the external conditions affect the functioning of the systems. The paper will also explore the nature and level of organization of some critical...  The Human...
The Anatomy of the Human Brain
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...Anatomy of the Human Brain The protective features of the brain, or also called the meninges, are the (1) pia meter, (2) arachnoid, and (3) dura meter. The meninges enclose the spinal cord and brain (Greenfield 1998). The below figure shows the positions of the brain’s three protective membranes: *image taken from Google pictures The primary role of meninges, along with the cerebrospinal fluid, is to safeguard the central nervous system (Greenfield 1998). Pia Mater It is an extremely thin layer made up of fibrous tissue enclosed in its external portion by an area of leveled cells assumed to be fluid-resistant. Basically, the pia mater strongly sticks to the exterior of the...
Breast anatomy and medical imaging for breast
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...Anatomy of the Breast and Medical Imaging Breast is basically made up of glandular and fatty tissue that function to produce milk. It is locatedbetween the second and sixth ribs over the pectoralis major. It is anchored onto the muscle with the help of the deep fascia and ligaments, the pectoralis fascia. The fascia is not taught and thus allows for natural motion of the breast. The ligaments run through the breast tissue and the deep fascia. Inferomedially, the breast overlies the rectus abdominis. The nipple overlies the inframmmary line, at the level of the 4th rib. It is lateral to the mid clavicular line (Gabriel, 2011). Muscles underlying the breast include...
Human Anatomy Structural Levels of Organization
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...Anatomy & Physiology. India: Pearson Education, 1989. Google books. Web. 1 March 2011.... The human body can be structurally ified into six levels. It begins with the simplest chemical ification and ends with the organismal level. The first chemical level includes the basic unit of the cell, the atom, which in turn combine to form molecules such as water and proteins. The molecules combine to form organelles which constitute the components of cells. These cells constitute the cellular level of classification and while all cells perform certain common functions, they may vary in size and shape based on their other specific functions within the body. These cells appear single in simpler creatures and...
Anatomy and Phisiology II Heart Disease
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...anatomy and physiology could be used for management this serious health condition Coronary heart disease can be determined as "an imbalance between myocardial functional requirements and the capacity of the coronary vessels to supply sufficient blood flow" (MESH, 2005). Decreased capacity of the coronary vessels to supply sufficient blood flow leads to myocardial ischemia, i.e. the shortage of blood flow in cardiac muscle. The requirements of myocardium in blood (and correspondingly in oxygen and nutritive substances... The group of cardiovascular diseases is the permanent leader amongst the causes of deaths. By the assessment of CDC (Center of Disease Control) coronary heart disease and stroke make...
Relationship of the sexes in Greys Anatomy
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...Anatomy Grey's Anatomy is a medical serial drama that was created by Shonda Rhimes and began airing in 2004. It is a program that has a female cast majority and has been seen by many as a show that empowers women to be the best that they can be even when they are being told otherwise. The women of the show are the embodiment of the independent, self-assured, and modern day woman who will not allow anybody to undermine her in any given setting. This paper will show that the modern day female doctors have come long a long way since the profession first started allowing women to join the medical field. The discussion will show that as recent as the year 1982... a groundbreaking surgeon at...
Human physiology and Anatomy - respiratory system.
9 pages (2250 words) , Download 1 , Essay
...anatomy and embryology, physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and clinical features and treatment of diseases. New York: Ciba Pharmaceutical Products. Ora, J., Laveneziana, P., Ofir, D., Deesomchok, A., 2009. Combined effects of obesity and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on dyspnea and exercise tolerance. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med., 180(10), pp. 964-971 Roberts, M., 1986. Biology: a functional approach. New York: Nelson Thornes. Ross University... The respiratory system is the system in charge of gas exchange. It is made up of various organs involved in the eventual delivery oxygen into and carbon dioxide out of the body. Elements like exercise, body position, and body size affect the...
ESSAY 2 - RENAL (Human physiology and Anatomy )
9 pages (2250 words) , Essay
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...Anatomy) Introduction: The kidneys represent important organs in the body of human beings. It has the responsibility of urine preparation, thereby allowing toxic substances and water to get removed from the body. With this activity, the internal functions of the tissues and fluids are maintained also keeping steady the absorption of hydrogen ion in the body. Thus the primary roles of kidneys in the body include removal of metabolic products and deadly substances from the body, upholding the concentration of electrolyte in the body, and taking the responsibility of circulation and formation of blood with the production of substances of renin and erythropoietin... Essay 2 – Renal (Human Physiology and...
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