Aristotles ethics: From Virtue to Friendship, the Golden Mean
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...Aristotle's ethics: From Virtue to Friendship, the Golden Mean." "Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim." - 1094a (Nicomachean Book I, Ch. 1)
To Aristotle, Happiness is the result of doing the right thing, and the right thing is the action that results from Virtue. Virtue, on the other hand, is the condition that one achieves when he follows the Middle Way, or the way of temperance. Ethical Virtue is the intermediate between excess and deficiency.
If one seeks to be virtuous, one must seek goodness. To Aristotle, good actions are those... , or at least not without reason". That is, one needs to understand what one is good at, what sets one apart from others, and by consistently doing it, fulfillment can be achieved. According to this philosopher, there are only two things for the man to do, which are reasoning and following reasoning, or perhaps feeling and transmitting, or maybe reflecting and acting.
"The Virtuous person sees the truth in each case, being as it were a standard and measure of them". Aristotle does not think that merely doing good actions is enough. One needs to nurture Virtue, and it is trough Virtue that true goodness arises spontaneously. It's more or less like in the old story that you...