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Bacterial Meningitis
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacterial Meningitis Definition Inflammation of the subarachnoid space that develops rapidly and is caused by certain bacteria is known as bacterial meningitis (WHO, 2010). The subarachnoid space is the space between the arachnoidmater and piamater which cover the brain and the spinal cord. Invasion of this space by bacteria triggers entry of immune cells resulting in inflammation. This inflammation can remain localized to the meninges or spread to the blood vessels... Outline A. Definition 2 B. Demographic characteristics 2 C. Causative organisms 2 D. Risk factors 3 E. Mode of spread 3 F. Clinical presentation 3 G. Diagnosis 4 H. Management 5 I. Prognosis 6 J. Prevention 6 Bact...
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Bacterial Meningitis
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Bacterial Meningitis of the of the Infection of the membranes that enclose the spinal cord and the brain istermed meningitis. It can arise from bacterial, fungal or viral infections. Meningitis caused by bacteria is known as bacterial meningitis. It is a serious ailment that can result in the death of the patient. In general, it transpires in people who undergo a head injury or among individuals with a weakened immune system. This disease predominates among children and youth. Certain adults are also susceptible to develop this infection. Those who abuse alcohol, indulge in prolonged and deep kissing, suffer from chronic ear and nose infection, and who have contracted pneumococcal pneumonia... ...
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Bacterial Meningitis - Pediatric
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacterial Meningitis First Last of Bacterial Meningitis Introduction Bacterial meningitis is one of the most fatal infections afflicting children worldwide. Although vaccinations for certain causative agents have been widely distributed, bacterial meningitis cases are not completely eradicated, and neurologic sequelae and death even result if adequate medical assistance is not given. In the diagnosis of such condition among pediatric patients, as well as in scientific endeavors to treat it, nurses have essential roles to play as health care providers and...
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Bacterial Meningitis
2 pages (500 words)
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...meningitis to students and queries related to the symptoms and nature of the disease will be clarified. Follow-up after the screening program Students who attend the screening program will be referred to a local hospital for further screening and testing procedures. For further information about the disease contact the Creig College Health Services... Meningococcal disease Screening Program for Creig College Increasing number of college students, especially freshman residing in dormitories are infected by the meningococcal disease. In order to create better awareness about the disease among students, the college is conducting a screening program that will provide educational information (brochure) about...
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Meningitis
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...meningitis, it is frequently caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. Meningitis hearing loss typically appears after a bout with meningitis. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae Type B (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but with new vaccines as part of routine immunizations, the occurrence of this invasive disease has reduced. Today... Meningitis Hearing Loss CONTENT Introduction to Meningococcal Meningitis 3 Meningitis Hearing Loss ...
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Human Diseases
2 pages (500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis is diagnosed (Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis). National Meningitis Association and Meningitis Foundation of America are two community resources which have initiated meningitis control programs. References Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/brain/antibiotics-for-bacterial-meningitis Parkinson’s disease: Hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Retrieved from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons_disease/detail_parkinsons_disease.htm Subdural hematoma. MedicinePlus. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000713.htm... Nursing Human diseases (College) Human...
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Human Diseases
2 pages (500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis is diagnosed (Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis). National Meningitis Association and Meningitis Foundation of America are two community resources which have initiated meningitis control programs. References Antibiotics for bacterial meningitis. WebMD. Retrieved from http://www.webmd.com/brain/antibiotics-for-bacterial-meningitis Parkinson’s disease: Hope through research. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Retrieved from http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/parkinsons_disease/detail_parkinsons_disease.htm Subdural hematoma. MedicinePlus. Retrieved from http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000713.htm... ? Nursing Human diseases (College) Human...
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Meningococcal disease
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Meningitis is inflammation of the meninges, which consist of three membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord: the dura mater, and the arachoid membrane, and the pia mater. Often referred to it as spinal meningitis, it is frequently caused by a viral or bacterial infection. Viral meningitis is generally less severe and resolves without specific treatment, while bacterial meningitis can be quite severe and may result in brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disability. Meningitis hearing loss typically appears after a bout with meningitis. Before the 1990s, Haemophilus influenzae Type B (Hib) was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis, but with new vaccines as part of routine... Meningitis...
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Coordinating care in the specialist setting: Tuberculosis Meningitis
16 pages (4000 words)
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...Meningitis. In their study, Thwaites, et al. (2000) noted that to achieve a better clinical outcome, rapid diagnosis of TB meningitis must be made. Laboratory methods to date were reportedly insensitive and slow to allow accurate diagnosis for TB meningitis. Hence, newer methods in assessing TB meningitis such as amplification of bacterial DNA by polymerase chain reaction and comparable systems are yet suitable for widespread use especially... ?TOPIC: Coordinating Care in the Specialist Setting – Tuberculosis Meningitis History of the Patient: This is the case of a 48 year old, female patient named MJ, who presented with complaints of three month history of headache, tiredness, and fever. MJ was self –...
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Case study on neisseria meningitidis
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...meningitis”. Technology to diagnose the disease The meningitis is diagnosed with the help of conventional and real time PCR assay which can detect bacterial meningitis pathogens. The PCR technology is used typically to detect the causative agent in a suspected case of bacterial meningitis. The assays concurrently works on the DNA extracted from the clinical specimen or isolate. As per Bennett (2008,pg.1764-65) “PCR-based assays for the rapid individual... Case Study John is a 19 year old male who was suffering from headache and fever with 40 degree centigrade. He was having purpuric rashes on wrist, leg and trunk. He has experienced bouts of fainting and had been vomiting since three days. He is a non ...
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Bacteria menningitis haemophilus influenza
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...Meningitis Haemophilus Influenza This bacterial infection engulfs the meninges that cover the brain cortex and thespinal cord. It occurs in humans only. The Haemophilus influenza bacterium causes the Haemophilus influenza meningitis. It leads to different diseases in children below the age of five years and it got a belief that it was the cause of the bacterial meningitis before the discovery of its vaccine. The bacterial infection results in the inflammation of the meninges and thus the symptoms (Evans and Brachman 4). It is responsible for lower respiratory tract infections in children. They are opportunistic pathogens and only become pronounced on exposure of the body to viral... Task: Bacteria...
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Ben's Case Study
1 pages (250 words)
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...bacterial infection or damage of tissues among others. C. Respiratory acidosis-Respiratory acidosis is caused by alveolar hypoventilation, which leads to increased hypercapnia. The tests results help determine whether respiratory acidosis is acute or chronic. 12. CFC is usually clear, colorless, and sterile and contains similar constituents to those present in blood, but in lower amounts. Thus, the physician was relived because sterile CSF proved that there was no bacterial infection in the CSF. She was considering the possibility of bacterial meningitis infection. 13. Antibiotics can... Ben’s Case Study It suggests that Ben suffered from pneumonia. 2. Yes. The radiograph showed the presence of...
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Sources of Meningococcal Infection
14 pages (1500 words)
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...bacterial culture media and conditions, biochemical tests and serology) used to isolate and identify N.meningitidis. 4 marks [⅓ page] These techniques include: 1. Blood Gram stain and culture. Culture on blood or chocolate agar, incubated at 37°C in an atmosphere of 5% CO2, shows positive growth of the organism in about 75% of cases of meningitis. The culture medium must not contain sodium polyanetholsulfonate, which can inhibit meningococcal growth. 2. Culture of nasopharyngeal...  Sources of meningococcal infection This coursework is based broadly on the case study below, and then includes further questions based on microbial causes of meningitis. Throughout, your answers must be based on ...
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Neurological Disorders
3 pages (750 words)
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...Meningitis is always relatively mild. It disappears within a week without specific treatment. Bacterial Meningitis is much more severe. It can cause serious disease that can lead to brain damage or even death. Meningitis always results from a viral infection; however the cause may also be as a result of bacterial infection. Less frequently, a fungal infection may a times cause meningitis. Since bacterial infections are the most severe and may be life-threatening. Giving the origin of the disease is an essential part of developing a treatment plan (Brill, 2005)...
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Neisseria meningitides or meningococcus
6 pages (1500 words)
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...meningitis which is an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges). Acute bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that can lead to severe brain damage and cause death especially in children. Meningococcal infection can also cause severe sepsis that could be fatal. Serogroup B meningococcus is one of the twelve groups of meningococci identified so far based on the capsular polysaccharides. No universal vaccine has been developed against this bacterial group to prevent the meningococcal diseases. Generally, the proteins on the surface... Paper Critique Question Neisseria meningitides, commonly known as meningococcus, is a bacterium that can cause large epidemics of...
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Care of the Child within Accident and Emergency
8 pages (2000 words)
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...meningitis. This was a 2-year-old child who presented to the Accident and Emergency accompanied by anxious mother. This was a male child who presented to the A and E with loss of consciousness at home that was preceded by vomiting. This child was diagnosed to be a case of bacterial meningitis and I had to deliver care in the A and E. Milestones and Development: Obviously many children with the age group that I am going to discuss presented with different diagnoses during my placement in the Accident and Emergency, and milestones... CARE OF THE CHILD WITHIN ACCIDECT AND EMERGENCY Introduction: This is a reflective case study of phenomena at my placement in Accident and Emergency delivering specialist...
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NEUROSCIENCE: Give an account of the layers that cover the brain and spinal cord. Include in your answer their composition, organisation, function and how they are involved in a NAMED disease
6 pages (1500 words)
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...meninges. Cytokines and other pro inflammatory molecules (eg, tumor necrosis factor-alpha [TNF-alpha], interleukin [IL]–1), chemokines (IL-8), and other proinflammatory molecules play a vital role in damaging. The concentration of cerebrospinal fluid of TNF-alpha, IL-1, IL-6, and IL-8 is also found to be increased in bacterial meningitis. The toxic product released by the bacteria are exposed to cells (eg, endothelium, leukocytes, microglia, astrocytes, meningeal macrophages) promotes the synthesis of cytokines and proinflammatory mediators. An endogenous pyrogen IL-1 is also synthesized by activated mononuclear phagocytes which induce fever. Many secondary mediators, such as IL-6, IL-8... Neuroanatomy...
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Paper Critique about Meningococcus
5 pages (1250 words)
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...meningitis whichis an inflammation of the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord (meninges). Acute bacterial meningitis is a medical emergency that can lead to severe brain damage and cause death especially in children. Meningococcal infection can also cause severe sepsis that could be fatal. Serogroup B meningococcus is one of the twelve groups of meningococci identified so far based on the capsular polysaccharides. No universal vaccine has been developed against this bacterial group to prevent the meningococcal diseases. Generally, the proteins on the surface... ?Paper Critique Question Neisseria meningitides, commonly known as meningococcus, is a bacterium that can cause large epidemics of...
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Acute Exacerbation of COPD. Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
67 pages (16750 words) , Download 2
...bacterial meningitis and meningococcal septicaemia features the use of corticosteroids as adjunctive therapy to minimize the risk of hearing loss appears to be supported by studies conducted in this, and they should be administered in line with present recommendations. Intravenous immunoglobulins are presently not recommended by guidance, and the present studies in the area do not appear to avail adequate evidence that necessitate their inclusion within... ? a) What is the most likely explanation for this patient's change in mental status?  Introduction The most dominant causes of acute exacerbations of COPD entail overdose of drugs that suppress ventilator drive, as well as conditions that result to...
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PUBLIC HOSPITAL SAFETY AND HEALTHCARE MANAGEMENT
4 pages (1000 words)
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...bacterial infection the Group B Strep infection is carried in the vagina. It can lead to meningitis and blood-borne infections. Group B strep infection can be easily prevented if tested. Chorioamnionitis or amnionitis is an uncommon bacterial infection which affects the uterus, amniotic sac, and fetus. A pelvic exam during the last trimester could cause premature rupture of membranes. Women who smoke and those with past experiences of water breaking and chlamydia infections have a greater risk... ?ARTICLE Poll Finds High Levels of Concern About Medical Errors, Support For Public Hospital Safety Ratings In recent times, there has been increasing concern over hospital-acquired infections and other forms of ...
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Clostridium tetani are responsible for the disease of Jake
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacterial Meningitis is also ruled out because it is a disease caused by Gram-negative bacteria. It is quite likely that Jack was infected with C. tetani bacterial spores when he hurt his leg with scrap metal. Spores got activated and developed into gram-positive bacteria. (Gram Positive Bacteria 2011), The bacteria... ? Case Study Microorganism responsible for the disease of Jake is Clostridium tetani. Clostridium tetani is a Gram-positive and spore-forming bacterium. It flourishes in anaerobic conditions and in shape looks like drumsticks through microscope. It can survive as spores for a long period of time at very high temperatures. Spores are hardy and environments such as iodine and hydrogen...
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Bacterial transmission
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Bacterial transmission has been aided by contact with living organisms as well as by non-living. This is with respect to the ability of infectious organisms to flourish on inert surfaces (Ellis, 2006). According to Shrutz (2003) the microbes also thrive in the air below the 500 feet altitude including spores of Bacillus and Clostridium, algae, Micrococcus, Corynebacterium among others. Respiratory bacteria are mainly dispersed in the air through droplets of saliva and mucous produced when one coughs, sneezes, talks or laughs (Shrutz, 2003). According to Rutala et al. (2006), the microbes, which are freely present in the the air, can in most cases be evident on computer keyboards... 0. INTRODUCTION...
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Deaf culture and disability
4 pages (1000 words)
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...bacterial meningitis (Reefhuis 2003). Many users, audiologists, and surgeons also report that when there is an ear infection causing fluid in the middle ear, it can in fact affect the cochlear implant, leading to temporarily reduced hearing." (Wikipedia) Another reason is that some deaf children feel overall worse off with the implant than without them in place. Still another reason is that " In the United States, medical costs run from USD$45,000 to $70,000; this includes evaluation, the surgery itself, hardware (device), and rehabilitation" (Ibid). Still... Topic: Deaf culture and disability INTRODUCTION: It is but normal for people to see some human beings who appear to be complete physically...
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The management of salivary gland infection
10 pages (2500 words)
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...bacterial) meningitis or Mumps encephalitis. Mumps pancreatitis, causes pain in the upper abdomen, Aseptic (not bacterial) meningitis, causes headache, stiff neck and drowsiness and Mumps encephalitis, causes high fever and unconsciousness, although this occurs in less than one in 1,000 patients with mumps. The symptoms of mumps last for about 10 days. The diagnosis mainly occurs by analyzing the patient's medical history and further confirmed by blood test. Treatment Treatment of viral salivary gland infection is primarily supportive, including rest and adequate hydration, because the disease is self- limited. The utilization of Antipyretics and anti... The management of salivary gland infection...
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Bacterial cells Quantification
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacterial cell quantification is useful in many areas of biology, in that it allows us to know the number of cells, or the viable cell count. This information can be used in antibiotic sensitivity testing, or infection severity, for example. Bacterial cell quantification can be done in several ways, but this experiment will be using a spectrophotometer to measure the relationship between the bacterial cell concentration and the absorbance of light. Results using known concentrations are often used to find the cell count of an unknown solution, and this is what will be achieved here. Additionally, the information... ?The Effect of Lysozyme Solution on Micrococcus lysodeikticus Cell Counts Introduction...
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Pathophysiology and pharmacology
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Meningitis This is the inflammation of the meninges affecting pia mater, arachnoid mater and subarachnoid space. It is caused mainly by infection with bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms and sometimes chemicals. Bacterial meningitis is caused by Haemophilus influenza, Neisseria menengitidis, and Streptococcus pneumonia. The microbe reaches the meninges by contact with the nasal cavity and skin or through the bloodstream. The pathogens replicate and induce inflammation (MYERS... Pathophysiology and Pharmacology Pathophysiology and Pharmacology Pathophysiology Pneumonia Pneumonia is an infectious process resulting from the microbial invasion of the lung parenchyma evoking exudative solidification ...
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Brain eating amoeba
6 pages (1500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis. Further, detection of an infection is difficult because the amoeba damages brain cells rapidly, such that diagnosis of the disease in the infected individual may only be possible after death. In most cases, most infected people succumb to the infection between 1-12 days after they begin seeing the symptoms associated with Naegleria fowleri infection... Brain-eating Amoeba Brain-eating amoeba is a living organism that exists in single cellular form. The scientific name of the brain-eating amoeba is the Naegleria fowleri. The brain-eating amoeba in most cases finds suitable thriving conditions in soil and warm water, especially in rivers, hot springs and lakes. The first...
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Does the MMR vaccine cause an increase on the incidence of Autism
5 pages (1250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis, influenza, pneumococcal disease and rotavirus (Bocco, 2010). Actually, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), in general agreement with similar agencies around the world... Does the MMR Vaccine Cause an Increase on the Incidence of Autism? [College] MMR Vaccinations are recommended to children over one year of age to protect them from possible complications from acquiring measles, mumps and rubella. However, instead of protection, the children are facing a more complicated health risk due to a controversial issue that autism cases resulted to some MMR vaccinations recipient. Statistical reports of petition filed by some parents claiming allegedly that their children are victims...
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Peer Review
2 pages (500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis Also, most Asian countries are very supportive of nursing mothers. South Korea for instance has nursing stations at almost all of the major subway/train stations, airports, workplaces, theme parks, museums, department stores, and even restaurants. Nursing stations in South Korea are as common as the restrooms. This image below is an example of a nursing room at Gyeongbok Palace, a tourist site, in South Korea. In the Philippines... Introduction Breastfeeding in public is a sensitive topic for some. Many are offended when a woman is nursing her toddler in a public place, such as the park or at an airport. There have been many incidents at restaurants and retail stores where nursing...
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Answer 6 question about deaf culture
5 pages (1250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis when he was at five years of age. Furthermore, after one and half of years of suffering from the illness, the inner ear developed a bony growth which inhibited the insertion of electrodes. The second reason being that James... 10/23 Historical development in the field of Deaf education has been associated closely with the evolution pertaining to the perspective on the state of being deaf. In this regard, the author elaborated on two perspectives pertaining to deafness. The first perspective is medical in nature which views deafness as an impairment that distinguishes people with the capacity to hear and those that are deaf. Furthermore, they equally reject the use of sign language...
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Human Bioscience
5 pages (1250 words)
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...meningitis and other complications (Marie-Anne et al. 2009). As we can see dr. George was checking for meningeal signs (stiff neck), and condition of semi-conscious state of the child may be caused by bacterial meningitis. This is another reason why dr. George mite prescribed antibiotics, as a preventive measure until the laboratory findings are completed. b. Identify how the ambulance and hospital staff might avoid cross infection  Based on the above discussion we can safely conclude that the child propably has viral infection with a possibility for a bacterial superinfection. Viral respiratory infections...
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Waterhouse Friderichsen
9 pages (2250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis infection must be admitted in accident and emergency care units. The first line treatment involves the use of antibiotics, which are administered through the intravascular route. Majority of antibiotics in use include the third generation cephalosporin due to their ability to act against gram negative and gram positive bacteria. The drug of choice in this case is Ceftriaxone due... Abstract This paper describes the pathophysiological changes that occur in Waterhouse Friderichsen and ethical issues surrounding the end-of-life for persons affected by this condition. Therefore, the paper has two sections; description of the pathophysiological systemic condition and end of life debate. T...
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Benefits of Breastfeeding
6 pages (1500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis”. (Insel, Turner & Ross, 2009, p.537) Another study has shown that the children who have been breastfed for a longer period of time have higher levels of intelligence as grown-ups. Again, it is very important for the psychological development of the child to have a close bond with the mother (and father). Breastfeeding results in that nearness between... ? A Literature Review on the Benefits of Breast Feeding A Literature Review on the Benefits of Breast Feeding Introduction In the developing countries, every year, 10 million children face mortality out of which 60% are thought of as preventable deaths. It is being said that by improving the existing breastfeeding practices, loss of...
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Pathophysiology ( Paramedic )
12 pages (3000 words)
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...bacterial infection from the epiglottis to the brain can cause meningitis while descending of the infectious bacteria from the epiglottis to the heart lining and the lungs can cause pericarditis and pneumonia respectively (Buttaro, T. M. 2013, pp. 390-395). Otitis media is an inflammation of the middle ear as a result of bacterial infection. Infection of the epiglottis can... Paramedic assessment of a case study Table of Contents Introduction 3 2.Case study 3 3.Diagnosis 4 4.Differential diagnosis of epiglottitis 5 5.Epidemiology of epiglottitis 7 6.Pathophysiology of epiglottitis 8 7.Complications of epiglottitis 9 8.Pre-hospital management of epiglottitis 11 9.Conclusion 13 10.Bibliography 14 1. Intro...
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The TED Assignment
6 pages (1500 words)
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...bacterial meningitis. At that time, she was devastated and wondered how she was going to fulfil her dream of traveling the world and of snowboarding. But then she realized that she had an option to take her life in the direction she wanted to take. So she accepted the fact that she doesn’t have real legs anymore and will have to bear with the artificial ones. She imagined herself to keep walking, helping people and snowboarding again. And this is the life she chose. She became creative about the artificial legs and customized them according to her needs. She failed, slipped, fell many times, but she... Every human being living on this planet wants one thing for sure, i.e. happiness. Whether that...
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Drugs and Alcohol a Social Problem
10 pages (2500 words) , Download 1
...bacterial meningitis, and wheezes. Similarly, the children can develop other health complications in children exposed to smoking encompass neurobiological and cardiovascular impairments. The non-smokers are victims of second-hand smoking. The passive smoking can aggravate many chronic diseases such as sickle cell anemia. In adults, smoking in public increases the risk... Drug and Alcohol a Social Problem Chapter eight of the book “Social Problems in a Diverse Society” by KendallDiana shows that Americans indulge in alcohol and abuse drugs. The cost, as well as the consequences of the drug dependence and alcoholism, presents a huge burden to the American society. Kendall views alcoholism and drug use as ...
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Medical Microbiology - GI Tract, CNS, Urogenital Tract
30 pages (7500 words)
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...Meningitis: More than a million cases are found for this disease world wide. It is caused by both viral (aseptic meningitis) and bacterial (Septic Meningitis). The common causative agents for viral are arboviruses and enteroviruses and for bacterial are Streptococcus sp. The major symptoms include fits, neck stiffness & photophobia. 2.Encephalitis: A sudden onset of illness with fever resulting in altered... Urogenital Infections The urinary infections occur heavily in the anterior and vagina regions. In our body the preventive mechanisms like the lining of the bladder, antimicrobial properties of urine are also present. If the kidney is affected by urinary infection, the infection is termed as acute...
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Waterhouse Friderichsen
9 pages (2250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis infection must be admitted in accident and emergency care units. The first line treatment involves the use of antibiotics, which are administered through the intravascular route. Majority of antibiotics in use include the third generation cephalosporin due to their ability to act against gram negative and gram positive bacteria. The drug of choice in this case is Ceftriaxone due to its proved sensitivity meningococcal bacteria. Hydrocortisone can also be administered intravenously where veins are accessible, but if they are inaccessible, the drug can be administered through intramuscular route (Schoeller... ? Waterhouse Friderichsen Waterhouse Friderichsen Introduction This paper...
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Global Media and the Nestle Boycott
9 pages (2250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis, gastroenteritis, ear infection, and respiratory infection. In addition, Brady (5) infant formula lacks the rightful amount of the nutrients that are necessary for brain and nerve development. A further argument against infant formula is that the products prevent the development of the baby and mother bond that is strengthened through breastfeeding. The need to prolong the fertility levels among women is also an issue that continues to be of concern to the opponents of infant formula since... The Nestle Boycott Introduction Nestle S.A is a multinational company that was founded in 1905 in Switzerland. The company deals with health related products and specifically baby foods, which...
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Hearing loss
7 pages (1750 words)
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...bacterial infections such as in syphilis, toxoplasmosis, mumps, bacterial meningitis, and measles can be prevented through vaccination (Frangulov, Rehm, and Kenna, 2004). Substance abuse by a mother or medications, including chemotherapy, during her pregnancy can induce hearing... Running Head: HEARING Hearing Loss Hearing Loss Introduction Based on statistical reports, the U.S. economy incurs$56 billion loss in medical care, special education, and productivity due to untreated hearing loss (NAAS, 1999). Over 10 million Americans reported that they experience difficulty in hearing conversation at normal levels. Four million of this populace has age over 65 years and six millions are below the age of 65....
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An Analysis of Public Health Theory Underpinning Breastfeeding What is Public Health
13 pages (3250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis (Wolf, 2003). Some of these studies also show that breastfeeding has a protective effect against sudden infant death syndrome, childhood diabetes, Crohn's disease, and some allergies Breastfeeding has also been associated with more advanced cognitive development in young children. Human milk is recommended for all healthy term infants. All parents should be fully informed about the research, benefits, and techniques for breastfeeding. There are also a number of studies that also show that there are some health benefits for new mothers. Ideologies of Public Health The ideology of public... An Analysis of Public Health Theory Underpinning Breastfeeding What is Public Health Sir...
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Qualitative methods in social health research
16 pages (4000 words)
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...bacterial meningitis in the areas we visited. 6. Are you able to assist in managing complications for maternal and health... ?Role of paramedics in community maternal health in developing countries Scenario Questions Face sheet Participant: Rene Wilson Location: interview conducted by the US at the hospital. Date and time: Length of interview: one hour. Special circumstances: none. Questions This question was meant to put the respondent at ease The respondent was freely conversational and so I let him express himself This query highlighted maternal care This question was more critical on the actual maternal practice in the countries covered 1. Tell me about your experience when you went at Third World...
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An Analysis of Public Health Theory Underpinning Breastfeeding
13 pages (3250 words)
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...bacterial meningitis (Wolf, 2003). Some of these studies also show that breastfeeding has a protective effect against sudden infant death syndrome, childhood diabetes, Crohns disease, and some allergies Breastfeeding has also been associated with more advanced cognitive development in young children. Human milk is recommended for all healthy term infants. All parents should be fully informed about the research, benefits, and techniques for breastfeeding. There are also a number of studies that also show that there are some health benefits for new mothers. Ideologies of Public Health... An Analysis of Public Health Theory Underpinning Breastfeeding What is Public Health? Sir Donald Acheson, of the...
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Title: Describe and discuss the effects of a child health issue on the child and family. Your essay should include the impact of
12 pages (3000 words)
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...bacterial meningitis, polio, and whopping cough. Although, babies receive some immunity (protection) from their mother within the last few weeks... ? Introduction Health represents a positive concept highlighting social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities and is a reflection of the social and mental well-being of people within the community. Childhood obesity has, in the last two decades, grown to become a challenging national epidemic. The percentage of adolescents and children defined as overweight has more than doubled in the last two decades. Paradoxically, childhood obesity remains one of the easiest medical conditions to recognize, but most complex conditions to treat. The UK has ...
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Marketing ethics
12 pages (3000 words)
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...bacterial meningitis. Alongside that, the company manufactures consumer health products for skin... Marketing ethics Introduction Ethics is a vital factor in the field of corporate governance, which has a considerable impact on performance of an organization. The factor can be related in two distinct ways through ethical assumptions and values that maintain a particular regime of corporate governance. The second theory is evident in methods used by organizations to manage their ethical performances. Ethics of governance is the term used to describe the first association; whereas, the latter association can be referred to as governance of ethics (Rossouw, 2009). An effective governance framework aligns...
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Bacterial Transformation
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacterial Transformation Historical Perspective The process of transformation was initially described by Fred Griffith in1928.Evidently, he demonstrated how characteristics could be acquires by living nonpathogenic bacteria from disease causing bacteria that were dead. Consequently, these eventually transform to disease producing ones. Later on, it was discovered that this principle was evident in DNA. Further discoveries showed that shreds of naked DNA can be accepted by natural bacteria within their environment. Furthermore, the dead bacteria of different species or the same can act as parent material for fragments of DNA. To this end, transformation entails the process...
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Bacteria cross contaminants
28 pages (7000 words)
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...meningitis (Letertre, 2009). Streptococcus pyogenes: This species has the ability to cause streptococcal pharyngitis, that is frequently referred to as "strep throat." It can as well cause scarlet fever, rheumatic fever and necrotizing fasciitis (also referred to as the "flesh eating" bacterial infection). Penicillin can be used in the treatment of these Gram-positive bacteria (Lecuit, 2010). Streptococcus salivarius: Some of this bacterium... ?To determine the level of cross-contamination during cleaning in the office environment The main objective of the study was to ascertain the level of cross-contamination during cleaning in an office environment. This was achieved by morphological and biochemical...
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Is epidural technique a better choice for patients as postoperative analgesia than patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) following
12 pages (3000 words)
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...bacterial meningitis.90 Other aseptic techniques... ? MSc & Diploma in Pain Management OF ASSIGNMENT Is epidural technique a better choice for patients as postoperative analgesia than patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) following abdominal surgery? ( 3000 words) Introduction Postoperative pain (POP) management remains a major concern among health care providers and hospitalized patients.3,20 Pain management is important since it helps the patient recover faster and reduces the risks of developing complications after surgery. Many clinical reports have established that POP negatively influences patient recovery and mobility, increases length of hospital stay and cost of hospitalization, and increases the...
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Bacterial biofilms and disease
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacterial Biofilms and Disease A bacterial biofilm is a structured community of bacterial cells enclosed within a self-produced polymeric matrix and sticking to an unmoving or living surface (Costerton, Stewart, & Greenberg, 1999). Bacterial biofilms are present mostly in wet surfaces and are visible to the naked eye. In 1970s, it was found that sessile (attached or immobile) bacteria make up a major portion of the bacterial biofilms in many environments. Bacterial biofilms consist of microcolonies on a surface and develop into organized communities with functional heterogeneity (Figure...
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Testing anti-bacterial agents
1 pages (250 words)
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...bacterial agents will show... in this paragraph. The effects of four types of antibacterial (Ofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Enoxacin and Norfloxacin) in McCoy cell are different. The results may refer to the different abilities for each antibacterial to penetrate the eukaryotic cell. Moreover, the infected cell may not increase the time of incubation after the removal of anti-bacterial agents creating a little different between MIC and MLC for each antibacterial agent. On the other hand, Ofloxacin antibacterial agent may act contrary to some enzymes that are important for the survival of non-replicating intracellular chlamydia. As such, Ofloxacin has a responsibility of...
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