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Citizenship
2 pages (500 words)
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...Citizenship has been a sta y National Curriculum at key stages 3 & 4 since September 2002. There has been a degree of flexibility in the way which schools can deliver Citizenship, leaving the logistics of delivery to individual schools. I have become interested in looking at the changes that have taken place in secondary schools within the Barnsley borough because I feel that active Citizenship teaching can have an impact on other areas of the curriculum and methods of teaching Citizenship can be modelled in other subjects, encouraging participation and engagement from pupils that may have become disenchanted with learning within a mainstream school. The active elements... of teaching...
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Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Citizenship Citizenship Democracy is a form of governance; the government is of people, by people with its active consent of the majority. A democracy is meant to safeguard the majority against tyranny. In a liberal democracy, decisions are not centralized to the politicians but rather by citizens’ juries. An ideal state should always ensure that its citizens are free to express themselves and they should not be restrained. The United States of America experiences a crisis of citizenship in the sense that the American people feel disconnected from their nation or society that they do not wish to work for or do something great for it (Jeffrey et al, 2010). American citizens need to be active... ...
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Citizenship
1 pages (250 words)
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...Citizenship Citizenship Nationalism is a harmonious relationship between the nation and the which pursue common objectives for common reasons (Steiner 2009, p. 91-92). The definition of the term citizenship is a controversial issue due to the difference in meaning it elicits from different groups of people. Knowledge in citizenship issues is profoundly important for personal enrichment and awareness of one’s civil, political and social rights as a citizen of a certain nation-state. An individual can become a citizen through different ways. One can gain citizenship by birth. The first way of gaining...
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Teaching Citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Citizenship as a discrete over teaching it through other and Section # of course> The following pages will essentially look into the issue of teaching Citizenship as a discrete subject over teaching it through other subject areas of the curriculum and also its advantages. We will also explore why it needs to be taught. What benefits does it seem to provide students Teaching Citizenship as a discreet subject: It is considered that teaching citizenship in schools is both an exhilarating and an exigent vision. It is exhilarating because it offers opportunities to work with young people on 'real life' issues and topics. It is exigent because... it calls for considerable span of knowledge,...
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Birthright Citizenship
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Citizenship Birthright citizenship is a federal law provision that grants all children born within the United States automatic citizenship regardless of their parental heritage (Lacey par 1). The only developed nations that offer this citizenship are Canada and the United States. In contemporary times, there have been suggestions for abolition of birthright citizenship (Grier 42-95). This paper will show that controlling birthright citizenship is not the solution to contemporary immigration issues. In addition, this paper will show that automatic citizenship ought to be extended to all children raised in the United States. The current interpretation was intended... College Lecturer Due Birthright...
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Citizenship education
3 pages (750 words) , Download 1
...Citizenship Education Citizenship Education Introduction Citizenship can be viewed as the feeling of belonging by someone to a given society, state and/or community. Owen (2008, p.12) elaborated the definition, “citizenship and democracy are gauged by rights and freedom provision and other privileges by the state to the subjects”. They may be social, political, economic, or cultural benefits that create a relationship between a citizen and the state/ community. Faulks (2004, p.8) states that “Citizenship can be temporary or permanent in that temporary citizenship guarantees someone rights to live and work/study in a given state for a specified period and one is not entitled to some political...
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Corporate citizenship
1 pages (250 words)
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...Citizenship is a trend that has gained huge momentum in the corporate circles for the last two decades or so. The management and stakeholders have changed their focus drastically in trying to make their corporations more socially responsible. In so doing, they ensure that their corporation has adopted policies that aim at benefiting the community (while also benefiting itself) through initiatives related to ecological and social wellbeing (BSD Global 2010). Different organisations exhibit this in different ways but there are three basic forms: waste management and reducing pollution, social welfare e.g. in education and earning satisfactory returns on resources drawn from the community... Corporate...
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U.S. citizenship
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...Citizenship For many decades, children have been born in the United s by their parents who lacked proper citizenship, which would make their children illegal citizens in their new home. It was not until the last few years that this became an issue due to immigration and birthright reformation in Arizona, which has spread to other states throughout the country. Some people believe that the children of these illegal immigrants should be granted United States citizenship, feeling that the children should not be punished for the illegal actions of their parents. However, there are even more people that are convinced that children should not be...
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Citizenship Article
19 pages (4750 words)
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...CITIZENSHIP "The two most essential foundations for any , Machiavelli submits, "whether it be old or new, or both old and new, are sound laws and sound military forces. Now, since the absence of sound laws assures the absence of sound military forces, while the presence of sound military forces indicates the presence of sound laws as well, I shall forego a consideration of laws and discuss military forces instead." (The Prince: Chapter 12, p 46: Quoted in bookrags.com) Since his arrival on the Earth and foundation of human societies, he has spent an imperative part of his life in conflicts and wars. History is replete with the examples of aggressions, antagonism, genocide...
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Sexual Citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Citizenship Discuss how the notion of sexual citizenship differs from Freudian and Foucaldian concepts of Sexual identity. Identity- whether based on race, gender, ethnicity, ability, or sexuality - has emerged during the last half-century as one of the most difficult problems for contemporary theory and politics. The concept of identity has been brought under philosophical scrutiny, as identity politics has fallen in and out of favor. Sexual identity, however, has proven especially divisive, fraught with questions and rhetoric about choice and destiny, nature and nurture, essentialism and social construction, morality and legislation. At a practical level, sexual identity...
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Internet Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...CITIZENSHIP Internet has affected life of the net users, for better or worse, the world as a whole has been affected by the internet. The information that is available on the internet has made the world a smaller place. Traditional notions of citizenship and democracy have changed in this era of the internet, and there is a constant and dynamic change of life at large. Society is adapting itself to new modes of thoughts, and the influence of internet has been more pervasive than the earlier inventions like printing press, radio and television. Internet is all three combined. And it is a decisive factor in any political or governmental action now. Even otherwise, because of air... IMPACT OF INTERNET ON...
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Citizenship Education
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...Citizenship Education Discuss the form of civic education that exists in Australia Introduction The introduction part of the research introduces the topical issues thus outlining the problem. This way, the researcher introduces the problem thus developing a clear thesis statement that supports his belief of the prevalent nature of the problem thus validating the investigation. Civic education refers to collective actions geared towards changing the beliefs, actions, capabilities and commitments of the members of a particular community (Poulakos, 2004). Civic education is therefore an important aspect of management often done by different people and institutions in the society with the view... Education...
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Global Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...CITIZENSHIP Interest of the stakeholders In this project, stakeholders include (Current and prospective , professors and Hult as an organization. Professor’s interests in developing the Hult culture are focused in ensuring that the entire company works together in order to achieve the objectives and goals of Hult Company. Stakeholder alignment is an important part of marketing planning and implementation. Trade-offs exist at every level and should be balanced according to consumer needs/wants. “Organizations must connect not just with their consumers but with all the stakeholders, for the people affected by what the company do and how well it performs. The students’ interest is to ensure... GLOBAL...
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Barriers to Citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Citizenship Living and Good Moral Character Citizenship Right for Asylum Seekers Racial Angle to the Process of Naturalization Conclusion: the Future of U.S. Citizenship Barriers to Citizenship: Difficulties in the Naturalization Application Process Introduction National governments organize citizenship tests as required by naturalization procedures. An analysis of these citizenship tests indicates that these help in developing civic unity. In Canada, the 2009-2010 citizenship tests have been used to evaluate citizens’ movement... in various national settings. Such tests can be used as a tool to formulate public policy. In this context, the Canadian citizenship test has...
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Government policies on citizenship
2 pages (500 words)
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...citizenship Affiliation: The objective is to create an argument with at least three sources that is created by the comparison and contrast. Introduction Citizenship is the legal status of a person to be a national of a country. Other than being born as a citizen of a particular nation, there are other ways of acquiring citizenship though the rules and policies vary from one country to another. In this essay, there will be comparison and contrast of the citizenship policies and acts between Canada and United States. Arguments surrounding these citizenship policies will also be brought out and discussed in detail. According to the citizenship acts and policies of the two... governments, there...
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U. S CITIZENSHIP
2 pages (500 words)
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...Citizenship For many decades, children have been born in the United s by their parents who lacked proper citizenship, which would make their children illegal citizens in their new home. It was not until the last few years that this became an issue due to immigration and birthright reformation in Arizona, which has spread to other states throughout the country. Some people believe that the children of these illegal immigrants should be granted United States citizenship, feeling that the children should not be punished for the illegal actions of their parents. However, there are even more people that are convinced that children should not be...
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Aristotle on citizenship
2 pages (500 words)
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...citizenship in his Politics. The great philosopher believed that citizens are people who should be aware of the characters of each other on order to be responsible and able to perform the duties appropriately. Of course, this definition applies only to the very small communities and is much idealized. Aristotle proposed that a citizen is the man who has the opportunity to enjoy the rights of being the participant in deliberative or judicial office for some period of time. As it becomes clear, women and children had no right to be called citizens for their inability to be the political figures. Citizenship for Aristotle was of great... Aristotle has included several very powerful chapters about...
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A Concept of Citizenship
2 pages (500 words)
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...citizenship Introduction Citizen and the are in mutual well-balanced relation. Harmonious relations between the citizen and the state are possible in case each party of the relations understands its obligations and responsibilities. Moreover, citizens of every country should be aware of their national obligations and rights and realize the fact that putting their efforts together would result in a common good. What is citizenship? A citizen is an integral participant of the social life. A political community consists of citizens, whose participation is directed on the state’s welfare. Citizens gain benefits from their nation and thus they have to follow laws and regulations... of their...
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Citizenship and Naturalization
2 pages (500 words)
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...Citizenship and Naturalization Over the years it has been seen that the United s of America has been bombarded with illegal and legal immigrants both. Many of these immigrants tend to settle for the citizenship of the land of opportunity. It is here that the role of tests comes underway as these immigrants have to undergo a test so that they can attain the citizenship of the country. This test comprises a set of questions which target the roots of the American Identity including the basic questions revolving around the government of the State. It is here that a controversy begins as the natives of United States do not have to undergo the...
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Concept of Citizenship
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Citizenship Forum Discussion on Citizenship The concept of citizenship has come a long way since the arrival of the innovations in information technology and communications. Through information technology, people from all over the world are able to get a glimpse of other people's lives and perspectives from the other side of the globe. By using the World Wide Web, people's perceptions are greatly affected on the information they gather from internet. It could be in the form of internet articles, broadcasted journals, websites entirely focused on a cause, discussion forums and etc. Discussion forums in particular, are web based... Running Head: Forum Discussions Forum Discussion on the Concept of...
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Warfare welfare and citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...citizenship from both the historical and modern perspective. Warfare welfare and citizenship The three terms warfare, welfare and citizenship largely influence each other, making it hard to analyse one without discussing the others. From a political perspective, scholars regard warfare as an ideological struggle in which people try to dominate their ideas over others. More often, many people refer to this struggle... Introduction Over a long period, nations have been fighting to obtain freedom and democracy. Whether these fights have been internal or external, their main aim has been to obtain the rule of law that is favourable to the majority. Traditionally, few people who inflicted their policies for...
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EU Rights to Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...citizenship This story is based on the lives of two groups of people: residents of the EuropeanUnion and individuals who have moved from Kazakhstan and Hungary in an attempt to find work and settle in the EU. The huge differences present between the lives of the locals and the immigrants to the country are shown. Karl and Gabrielle are the two visitors from Kazakhstan while Sylvia belongs to Hungary. Charles, Bill and Muriel play an intricate role in the lives of all three foreign individuals. The first character Gabrielle has a work permit which qualifies up to three months. Article 6(1) provides that EU citizens shall have the right of residence in another Member State for a period... EU Rights to...
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Global education and citizenship
16 pages (4000 words)
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...Citizenship teaching and learning contains three main primary sources; political literacy, social and moral responsibility and community involvement. Political literacy focus on the rights of a citizen which he gets through his citizenship in a particular country. England’s agenda is that children should be aware of their political rights and must know how to use these rights in the most effective manner. It is all about giving them the ability to read and understand issues in apolitical perspective. This is using ideas, thoughts and arguments which citizens use when dealing with a public issue. Social... Introduction: The foundational father of democratic philosophies of education is none other than...
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Religious and Citizenship Education
16 pages (4000 words)
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...CITIZENSHIP EDUCATION: BENEFITS AND PITFALLS Q. Critically analyze the relationship of Religious and Citizenship education and explore the potential benefits and pitfalls each subject may hold for the other with particular reference to recent issues raised in the media. Introduction Religious and Citizenship education has consistently been implemented in education curriculums as well as in societies across the world for a variety of reasons. While religious education has been implemented since time immemorial to improve religious and moral awareness of an individual, the citizenship education is a fairly new concept arising essentially due to peculiar characteristics of lack... of...
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The Outcome of Citizenship
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Citizenship Citizenship is amongst the attributes of government and of a free and civilized society. Citizenship is the membership in a political community which is more or less permanent in nature. It is the status of being a citizen, a member of the body politic of a state, wherein one owes allegiance to and may claim reciprocal protection from its government. Generally, the magnitude of having a citizenship is the entitlement to certain rights like the right to receive protection from the government, the right to vote, to run for public office, land ownership as well as utilization of natural resources, operation of public utilities, administer educational institution or manage mass... The Outcome of...
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Model of youth citizenship
5 pages (1250 words)
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...citizenship Introduction: In applying the goal of teaching citizenship in schools, Wood and Hine (2009) have pointed out that thereis a conflicting situation presented in relation to these young people. These authors are of the opinion that young people in Britain today are the most tested and simultaneously excluded group of people in the country. These authors argue that this has resulted in an ambivalent policy towards young people, because on the one hand, it is expected that young people should be listened to, encouraged and given the opportunity to express themselves, while on the other hand, there is an underlying mistrust of their ability to grow up independently without... Model of youth...
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Liberal and Republican Citizenship
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Citizenship A citizen is somebody who belongs to a certain political party and enjoys being part of it and assumes the role and duties he has for the party. The issue of the difference between a subject and a citizen was controversial for a while, but it was not put to thought until the 1990s when theorists decided to review the concept again. The issues at hand were the idea of internal diversity of the liberal democracies. Another issue was globalization on the territorial states (Macedo 98). Citizenship is composed of three main elements; the first is the one where the citizen is protected by the law and his citizenship is a legal status. The second, the citizen... is considered a...
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Gender, politics, and citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...citizenship Gender studies have become one of the issues under study in the contemporary society.Contemplating on the social meaning of gender and the distinctions between different sexes is a significant constituent of civic mastery. Gender is defined as the unique features or characteristics that differentiate male from female. Gender and sex studies are viewed from different perspectives; thus, it incorporates gender politics and citizenship. Gender politics a debating issue that has been common since the beginning of the 19th century. This is women activist implemented liberation movement that focused on women rights. Understanding the way racism, class, ethnicity... Lecturer: Gender, politics and...
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Multiculturalism and Citizenship Education
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Citizenship Education Multiculturalism is a belief system that champions the idea of welcoming and allowing the existence of different cultural groups within a race or society. This is a principle that has been highly contested. This ideology comes with different issues such as nationalism, citizenship and identity and is hounded by the problems of racism, discrimination, cultural diversity. Multiculturalism is essentially possible but necessary steps need to be taken in order for this to work beautifully. Society still has a long way to go with regard to this matter. For this to work, society should learn to acknowledge the existence of cultural minority groups in their locale... Multiculturalism and...
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Citizenship in Thailand
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Citizenship Who Belongs in Thailand Citizenship in Thailand Introduction The studies of the alleged modern civilizations over and over again grab two key point of views out of which the former stresses on an incessantly incrementing restraining or authoritarian supremacy, and the latter convention, in views of Laclau and Mouffe, appears to be contradictory to the former by means of stressing on trends such as democratic revolution or the expansion of citizenship1. In Thailand, the growing regulation has changed the moral evolutionary concepts in such a way which generated the struggles based on either widespread... ...
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Warfare welfare and citizenship
10 pages (2500 words)
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...citizenship from both the historical and modern perspective. Warfare welfare and citizenship The three terms warfare, welfare and citizenship largely influence each other, making it hard to analyse one without discussing the others. From a political perspective, scholars regard warfare as an ideological struggle in which people try to dominate their ideas over others. More often, many people refer to this struggle... Introduction Over a long period, nations have been fighting to obtain freedom and democracy. Whether these fights have been internal or external, their main aim has been to obtain the rule of law that is favourable to the majority. Traditionally, few people who inflicted their policies for...
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The bounds of citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...citizenship’ is used in reference to an individual or individuals having full membership in a society. Citizenship, though, is hardly ever experienced by immigrants in this perfect way. In its place, the realities of race, class, ethnicity, gender, and national origin are the characteristic dividers of many communities, and bring about the reality of hierarchies among community citizens. Appreciating the premise of citizenship in its relation to the local administration as well as the formation of social hierarchies means shifting it to the sphere of the subjects regarding... Module Immigration Laws, Racial Profiling, Policing Practices, and Sentencing Disparities Idyllically, in a tolerant the word...
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International Migration Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Citizenship The objective of this paper is to determine if there exists a correlation between the inflow and outflow migration of citizens. The analysis will be done for British and Non-British Citizens, The European Union citizens, the Commonwealth citizens as well as for foreign citizens. For this analysis the data will be extracted from sources such as the International Passenger Survey. In order to analyze the data I will use 2 tables: one for the Inflow Migrants, and another for the Outflow Migrants. The variables that will be analyzed represent a combination of Inflow or Outflow and of the citizenship. For instance, Inflow of Migrants British is one... Statistics Report: International Migration...
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Community and Citizenship
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...citizenship. From both of the pieces, Community and Pinjarra 1970, one finds that communities evolve. It does not follow, however, that when change occurs, the very concept of community is threatened to be eliminated. There is the lesson of history to remind us of the significance of the past and the traditions that holds society together. Topic 2: Communitarian Identity In reading Mark... Topic community The work of Joanne Finkelstein and Susan Goodwin, Community, offered two variations of the concept of community, the provincial and the modern. The former follows the traditional concept of communal living that is based on mutual aid and trust while the former is the consequence of urbanism and...
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Health, pharmaceuticals, and citizenship
6 pages (1500 words)
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...citizenship, refers to the extent of access to medical care, both physical and mental and including pharmaceuticals, enjoyed by different populations in the world and the quality of care received. This essay outlines examples to illustrate the different standards available due to different medical citizenships. Citizenship and Physical and Mental Health Care Cancer in Botswana is much different than cancer in New York City in terms of its’ oncology, that is its’ recognition as a distinct entity (Livingston 2012). For example pre or early stage breast cancers are unknown in Botswana because... MEDICAL Introduction The anthropological term, medical...
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EU Rights to citizenship
4 pages (1000 words)
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...citizenship This story is based on the lives of two groups of people: residents of the European Union and individuals who have moved from Kazakhstan and Hungary in an attempt to find work and settle in the EU. The huge differences present between the lives of the locals and the immigrants to the country are shown. Karl and Gabrielle are the two visitors from Kazakhstan while Sylvia belongs to Hungary. Charles, Bill and Muriel play an intricate role in the lives of all three foreign individuals.   The first character Gabrielle has a work permit which qualifies up to three months. Article 6(1) provides that EU citizens shall have the right of residence in another Member State... ”. Gabrielle...
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DIVERSITY AND CITIZENSHIP
3 pages (750 words)
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...Citizenship THESIS MENT The essay is based on providing guidance about safety and security in the campus based on my personal point of view. The essay also discusses about various social responsibilities and study skills, examining the influence of my peers in the campus, on myself and others, which can enhance the performance of students within the university. EXAMINING PERSPECTIVES ON INFLUENCE OF THE BEHAVIOUR OR ATTITUDES OF MY PEERS TO ENHANCE MY SENSE OF SAFETY OR SECURITY ON CAMPUS OR IN ISLA VISTA Peers are regarded as the most authentic voices, which can stand against any kind of unethical behavior in school environment and thus are able to create a safe and secure atmosphere... Diversity and...
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Citizenship and Welfare
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Citizenship as the Ideal Basis for an Inclusive Access to Welfare The idea of welfare is a dynamic concept, which has been evolving over the years. The basis of welfare is the freedom of the individual to make choices. During the days of absolute rulers, whether they were sovereigns or self-proclaimed heads of states, the idea of welfare was rather a Hobson's choice. The ruler and his coterie somewhat decided what constitutes welfare for the general populace. As most civilized parts of the world moved to democracy as the most acceptable form of government, what constituted welfare, increasingly came to be decided by the people who had a role in the democratic process. Since the role of women... ...
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Citizenship and civil rights
2 pages (500 words)
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...citizenship status on blacks. This allowed for the judicial decisions and legislation centered on the set amendments. Furthermore, the legal amendments, largely affected the opportunities presented to women, non-black minorities, the disabled and other subjects of discriminations (McKissack & Fredrick 9). According to McKissack & Fredrick (13), argued that, “Brown decision proved... Task: Discuss social, political, and economic s/organizations in play during the civil right movement. The most significant achievements in the History of America in trying to uphold civil rights movements was the post civil war constitutional changes, which led to the abolishment of slavery and formation of citizenship...
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Television and Citizenship
9 pages (2250 words)
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...citizenship. According to McMurria, neoliberal citizenship creates a false reality within... ?Question Since its invention, television has captivated audiences with groundbreaking comedic, dramatic and reality series. While each generation has its own most popular shows, American society saw a shift in the types of television programming being offered to viewers. Amidst the delicate society of a post 9/11 world, an increase in goodwill-based television programming opened the door to American society by providing a window into the ways that many people actually lived within the borders of this nation. As part of this social theme, American television viewers were introduced to the notion of neoliberal...
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Citizenship Education and Consumer Education
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Citizenship: Policy and Practice (Education) A Contrast between Citizenship Education and Consumer Education Introduction The focus of this essay is on Citizenship and Consumer education. The aim is to establish a contrast between the two. The essay looks at key points involved in both levels of education and highlights important elements. Education has to do with activities that impart knowledge or skill. Education can refer to any level of formal schooling or training, or can refer to public information more broadly disseminated, e.g. through informal adult education, through the media, through legislation, Government agencies and so on. Citizenship and Consumer education are concerned... Equity and...
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Is toleration necessary for citizenship
6 pages (1500 words)
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...CITIZENSHIP? Introduction In a democratic, modern political it is an unavoidable social fact that the citizenry or populace is heterogenous in its composition of race, class, religion, culture, etc. A purposeful democracy requires that all citizens should have equal standing and influence on national processes (Bohman, 2003: 757). According to the progressive model of citizenship, toleration is the liberal principle based on which each person should be left free to live according to their own ideals and style of life, as long as they do not cause any harm to others. This concept is supported by the theoretical model which stresses respect for other people’s autonomy... IS TOLERATION NECESSARY FOR...
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Organizational Culture and Organizational Citizenship
1 pages (250 words)
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...Citizenship 1. The aim of this article was to examine the intricate relationship between organizational culture and organizational citizenship and the extent to which the former influences the latter. The study examines this across three firms representing three economic sectors: manufacturing, banking and information technology. 2. The participants in this research were 550 employees working in the above mentioned firms. Questionnaires possessing the Rating Scale were used (Mohanty & Rath, 2012). The final results were based on 344 returned and fully completed questionnaires (Mohanty & Rath, 2012). The methodology involved the use of mean... , intercorrelations and standard deviation...
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Classical Republican Model of Citizenship
8 pages (2000 words)
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...citizenship differs from our current model of citizenship: Introduction: The classical republican model has grown rapidly and no one is unaware of the popularity of it. We cannot ignore its importance in the past and present as well. As in the past classical republican model has its influential ideas about political thoughts in Rome, Revolutionary America and others that were greatly used, but it has also paved path for the ideology of politics in current era. This is bases which lead to the ideas of liberalism and communitarianism. The wisdom and master attempts of the old republicans' have provided the way for innovative... What are some of the most important ways in which the ical republican model of...
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EU Integration and Citizenship Law
33 pages (8250 words)
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...Citizenship Law Give Rise to Fears of Conflicts Over National Identities 1. Introduction The European integration process was formulated in the post-war period primarily to reduce the risks of another war in the continent through economic development. It was the ruins of World War II that firmed up such political will to create the European Union. Thus, the goal to secure peace and stability and foster economic development and prosperity in the region was enshrined in the founding charter of EU. By this criterion, integration has been a big and impressive achievement. For the first time, practically the whole European continent, from Lisbon in the west... EU Integration and Creation Of...
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Antecedents of organizational citizenship behaviours
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Citizenship Behaviors Introduction Organizational results are not purely incumbent on the task productivity off individual employees; but also on the manner in which these employees view these tasks and identify with the organizational goals. Organ (1988, 1997) conducted seminal work in an area that was daubed as ‘Organizational Citizenship Behavior’ in order to explain the manner in which individual employees aided and encouraged organizational goals. The initial definition provided by Organ (1988) describes Organizational Citizenship Behaviors or OCB’s are being discretionary behaviors that an employee may choose to exhibit which are not an enforceable part... and overall organization level...
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Orgnazational citizenship behavior( carrefour china)
2 pages (500 words)
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...Citizenship Behavior (Carrefour China) Executive Summary: The Carrefour Group is the Europe’s largest and world’s second largest retailer. It has four basic formats of grocery store namely supermarkets, hypermarkets, convenience stores and hard discount stores. The company supports local suppliers in its markets and aims at providing customers with high quality service along with maximizing the profits. In order to display social responsibility, the company launched the Carrefour International Foundation in 2010. Although the Carrefour Foundation did succeed in taking humanitarian initiatives, yet it lacked involvement of the company’s own employees in its efforts. Therefore... ? 20 March Organizational...
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The boy scouts of America/citizenship
5 pages (1250 words)
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...citizenship is a broad term that means different things to different people. The term can be used to evoke anumber of different emotions or allegiances depending on the context of its use. In general, however, citizenship can be divided into two segments. One context would be the legalistic and judicial understandings of citizenship. The other would be in context of socio-political feeling or allegiance. The judicial or legalistic aspects of citizenship are to be found in all nations of the world. These bodies of law explain what determines citizenship for any given nation. They also define the duties the citizens of that nation have towards the nation... According to the Boy Scouts of America,...
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Union Citizenship - metaphor or source of rights
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
...Citizenship – Metaphor or Source of Rights?”- An Analysis Summary Reich is of the view the EU citizenship is just based on the condition of nationality while at the same time, some basic rights is footed on the yardstick other than nationality / citizenship alone. As per Reich, citizenship of EU seems to be an imitative condition of nationality. The present EU law does not define whether the citizenship of EU will cover those non-citizen individuals who are residing in a Member States for long years. In Rudy case, the concept of citizenship to offer rights for free movement, the Court of Justice has been reluctant to confer “quasi-citizenship” rights to nationals... ? 15 December Norbert Reich. “Union...
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Does citizenship require political participation Discuss
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Citizenship Introduction A citizen refers to a member of any country or political community who qualifies to use the duties of membership. Citizenship has three dimensions, with the first dimension being legal and the second dimension being political. The final dimension is identity (Kymlicka and Norman 2000). Political participation on the other hand generally refers to taking part in the politics of a country or community. This may be in the form of opinion giving or actively taking part through campaigning for political posts or directly vying for the posts. This essay will illustrate the question: Does citizenship require political...
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