The Impact of Global Economic Crisis on the organizations in oil producing countries -A Case Study of SABIC

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The Impact of Global Economic Crisis on the organizations in oil producing countries -A Case Study of SABIC 1. Introduction The impact of the financial crisis of 2008-2009 affected the global world with threats to long term objectives including the Millennium Development Goals…

Introduction

This crisis is different from the earlier crises as it spreads very swiftly from one country to another through various means. Even though it is generally agreed that the root of the problem was the housing market in US, it was flared up by the excessive leverage at macro levels by the governments, firms and households in several countries (Kotz, 2009). The economies in Middle East, which were then among the fastest growing in the world; primarily driven by the soaring crude oil prices, were first considered immune, but by 2009 it began affecting the region including Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) States. Most of the economies including UAE, Qatar, Bahrain, and Kuwait suffered significantly, due to the steep decline in their housing markets, which formed the crux of economic development in these countries. Saudi Arabia Economy: Saudi Arabia, which is the largest economy in the region, too suffered dearly due to its heavy dependent on crude oil, whose prices had retreated at record pace in 2009 (Berkmen et al., 2009). The impact of economic crisis was felt by the firms not only because of the dependence on oil, but also, as a result of numerous government controls over the main economic activities in the economy. ...
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