In this essay “Housing Markets in the Financial Crisis of 2008” the causative circumstances of the bubble are described. Also there is a discussion about how the various financial decisions coupled together with the shortage of proper structure for regulation…
The origin of the housing market boom The boom in the housing market started growing as the stock bubble grew up in the last decade of the 20th century. In simple terms, the logic governing the growth of the housing bubble was one such that the wealthy were spending the money they had accumulated from the favorable stock markets (Baker, 2008, 73). The stock prices had run up in a manner extraordinary and many people had not anticipated. The wealthy therefore started spending at a rate similar to the rate of wealth accumulation. The increased wealth resulted in an increase in the average consumption and it was noted that the savings rate sourced out of every individual’s disposable income experienced a fall from 5% in 1995 to about 2% in the year 2000. The wealth gained from the favorable stock markets led to massive investments in the housing industry as people strived to buy bigger houses and to make better homes. The supply of housing is, of course, fixed so this therefore meant that the sudden increase in demand was likely to cause the housing bubble effect (Baker, 2008, 73). This caused a chain of events starting by an increase in demand which automatically resulted in the house prices to rise. As the prices started rising in some of the areas affected there was a unique phenomenon such that the prices started being incorporated into expectations and these made the buyers of houses and homes to start paying more than they would otherwise have done. This had a tendency of making the expectations self fulfilling and more convincing. Research together with the data from the government’s documents pointed to a very slight change in the house prices for over 100 years before the beginning of the house bubble. Even as the price of the houses rose, the rent did not increase in a similar manner but it in fact remained trailing behind in a modest manner a clear indication that the price of the houses was as a result of the housing bubble (Baker, 2008, 74). The instantaneous increase in the price of the houses both for buyers and those renting them started creating a substantial effect on the supply side as a result of the rise in price from around 1995 towards 2000. The house prices rose up to about 25% in the year 2002. This was above the average rate of the three years from 1993 to 1995. This then resulted in to an effect that appeared as an oversupply in the number of rental housing sector for it caused the vacancy rate to rise to about 9% in the year 2002 which was 1.5% increase to that of around 1990 that stood at about 7.5%. ...
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2008 Financial Crisis
Until the start of the financial crisis in August 2007, the world was experiencing strong economic growth (Obstfeld & Rogoff). Investors and consumers were optimistic in their expectations, which reflected itself in high consumption and investment rates.
This Global Financial Crisis indeed had a dreadful effect on the international economy. So, in many countries, key players within economies such as stock markets as well as large financial institutions did succumb to the effects of global financial crisis.
2008–2012 Spanish Financial Crises Introduction Most economists agree that the 2007-2012 global financial crisis was the worst since the 1930’s Great Depression. The crisis was characterized by the threat of complete collapse of large financial institutions across the world, downturns in stock markets across the world, bailing out of banks by national governments and general slow-down in economic growth and development around the world (Shiller 35).
Global recession has been triggered off across the globe by the sub prime crisis in the US, the crisis has not only affected the US economy but it has also affected almost all the countries across the globe. The crisis has certainly given rise to the possibility of systemic financial crisis, which means that the credit crunch and the liquidity is only going to get worse from here on in.
The world economy is currently at its worst with most countries hit by the pinching global recession. Economists define financial crisis as a significant downturn in activity that affects all the economic segment, the decline in activity normally last for a certain period, which could be more than months or years.
As from 2007, maintaining financial stability, rather than taming inflation was the Federal Reserve's main goal (Jickling 1). Although the Federal Reserve tried to manage the emerging crisis, the issues present were so complex, such that they defied conventional solutions.
The elite had more disposable incomes, pumped credit into the markets, encouraged innovative credit instruments in the market and also helped keep the interest levels low. With their wealth, the financial bigwigs were able to influence ideology; and everyone, including the government was ready to follow their ideas.
According to Wallison (2009), key issues that led to the crisis included increment and sudden reduction in house prices as well as increases in default rates in 2006. Furthermore, the collapse of stock prices in 2008 speeded by Bear and Lehman’s failures fuelled the crisis (Wallison, 2009, p. 3).
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