In these circumstances, two sides to the debate exist that include the non-gentrification residents and the gentrified residents. However, the upgrade tends to come with a price attached in which the resident that were pre-gentrified may not afford the new pay rates or property taxes. Driving out those cannot afford to pay the new rent rates and property taxes may be the most acceptable practice as the argument is that they could decrease revenues. In many cases, the transformation may include the conversion of old buildings to developed shops and areas of living, which translates to increased rents. However, John Arena negated this process in his book Driven from New Orleans in which African-Americans had to pave the way for the advancement of New Orleans after the devastating effects of Hurricane Katrina. After Katrina, the African Americans that were of local income levels did not receive financing to build and repair their homes, but instead demolitions took place (Arena 87). In his book, John Arena argues that the plan to demolish the old buildings in New Orleans began in the 1980s, long before the Hurricane hit the area meaning that the White Republicans conceived the gentrification plan before. Reasons why Arena says that the battle for public housing in New Orleans was a long struggle As the local community had named it, “the Negro removal” began in the 1960s in which the elite in New Orleans sought to upgrade the public houses at the cost of the low-income earners residing there (Arena 37). In essence, this neo-liberal economic activity is of the view that the low-income earners lived in impoverished states and it was their duty to help them. However, the residents of New Orleans viewed this to be a federal disaster as the hatching of this plan was national, but the implementation had to be at the federal level. Ideally, New Orleans became a city with the African American population being the highest in the late 1970s because of agricultural mechanization through those that were on their way route to Crescent City. From that time, New Orleans became significant in the fight against racial inequalities and protecting the rights of the poor hence making the demotions on the public houses to be a vital setback to the advancements that this population had managed to achieve. The white and the black elites saw the move to demolish the old buildings in New Orleans as the only way to eradicating poverty, but the African American population did not share the same views. The impact of Hurricane Katrina on the New Orleans city leaders’ desires to progress private development According to Arena, the African American elite and the leadership failed the residents of the New Orleans as they were not vocal enough to reverse the decision to demolish the old buildings that belonged to the people. The arena’s argument is that the non-governmental organizations, the elected officials from the African-American community, and other foundations had a hand in displacing the African American population of New Orleans. Many lost their homes because of the devastating Hurricane, but this did not deter the white Republicans from bringing down these structures in an attempt to establish modern day complexes. The arena’s view is that the demolition of the old buildings in New Orleans did not intend to benefit lower income earning African Americans from its onset, but it was rather immoral (Card & Raphael 112). The low income earners ...
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“Gentrification and Class Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/gender-sexual-studies/113864-gentrification-and-class.
The history of gentrification commenced with Ruth Glass as the first person to coin it. Glass describes the term as the alteration of the residential areas of the city from working class to middle class. The middle class was replaced by the elite urban class in the mid-nineteenth century.
It is best to approach gentrification as an issue that changes culture and urban development. In order to properly evaluate the issue, gentrification needs to be understood and seen as a problem. A problem being that gentrification negatively affects low income families and leaves many displaced and unfamiliar.
In the Encyclopedia of Housing it is defined as “the process by which central urban neighborhoods that have undergone disinvestments and economic decline experience a reversal, reinvestments, and the in-migration of relatively well off, middle and upper middle class population”
This paper demonstrates that globalization and gentrification in the New York City is mainly caused by the relations of financial market dynamics, regulatory structures and global and intra-urban movement of both individuals
as the progression where the people in the middle class take up a residence in the traditionally working class area of the city leading to the displacement of lower income people. Gentrification has become very controversial issue in the society, as some are highly against it
Any city especially big cities are home of many people with various kind of backgrounds. Sometimes their origins are widely different from each other, their professions are different. All these varieties give the flavour of mixed
colonization being identified by historians annuls having happened back in the 18th and early part of the 19th century while gentrification is the modern way of colonization similar to neo-colonization. Jamaica was colonized by the British back in the early 16th century having
example, Boston is one of the cities that give meaning to the notion that landscape is produced because it shows how investment in housing has caused gentrification. This paper explains gentrification in Boston City.
Mitchell (2007, 41) agrees with Lewis idea that history
The rich residents who are becoming more affluent are delving into the underinvested and previously dominated by poor and the less privileged in the society. The result is the spiked house prices driven by the increased demand to the disadvantage of the poor communities.
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