Community and Public Health Historical contributions of public health Community and public health have several different features defining the different role they play in promoting people’s health. According to Hernandez & Munthali (2007), some of these features include epidemiology, environmental health, disease control, maternal and child health, injury control, occupational health and nutrition…
According to Jones (2012), public health issues are organized and implemented for the entire population with public funding. The disease control feature has been the greatest beneficiary of public funding throughout history. It has also been organized and implemented severally in different population. Therefore, there has been emerging new disease control system that helps to control diseases that were uncontrollable in the past like cancer and meningitis. As a result, it has yielded very great impact in improving health status and quality of life throughout history and it is expected to continue doing so even in the future. Another feature of public health that has contributed a great deal in improving health status and quality of life through history is the injury control. In the past public health, community did not take interest in injury prevention since they thought that most of them were inevitable. However, about half a century ago they came to realize that most of the injuries that affect people could be prevented. After this realization, tools of injury prevention were developed to prevent injuries. Some of these tools like the training of drivers and driving policies are remains viable today and can be used in risk reduction (Jansen, 2012). This is because of the great role they have been playing in improving health status and quality of life throughout history. Poverty and health According to Perales & Young (1988), in several nations access to health care is generally dependent on the ability to pay for it. In addition, several research undertaken in different populations indicate that people who are worse of socio-economically have worse health regardless of how we measure socio-economic status (Marmot & Wilkinson, 2006). Therefore, it is clear that poverty cause poor health in a community. However, several researches undertaken by the World Health Organization identifies poor health as the major cause of poverty (WHO, 2006). Using this view we can conclude that poor health is a cause of poverty. Therefore, the best way to represent the relationship between poverty and health is using a cycle that indicates that one leads to the other depending on which one has occurred first. The different views on the relationship between poverty and health influence public health policies in different ways. The two major ways in which they influence public policies is through how policies are formulated and how they are implemented. The view of poverty as a cause of poor health mainly makes the policy makers and implementers to focus on public health policies that focus in controlling poverty in their effort to improve public health. On the other hand, the view of poor health as a cause of poverty makes policy makers and implementers to focus on policies that can improve health in an effort to reduce poverty. Two major types of measurement used to assess and report health related finding are the measure of productivity of a person and the measure of their productive levels of a person. In terms of productivity of a person, one can measure the number of hour that a person is able to work continuously without being interrupted by an illness. In terms of reproductive levels, one can measure whether an individual has inability to have offspring. These two types of measurem ...
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“Community and Public Health Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/10500-community-public-health.
Helens, Wirral, Sefton and Knowsley. Though the land use is urban, there is a mix of urban, rural, semi-rural and suburb locations. The central business district of this county is the Liverpool City Center. Like any other part of England, smoking is one of the identified health issue in this country.
The role of health visiting is evolving with the different governments of UK (England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland) introducing changes or amendments in the existing policy literature which seeks to implement new plans that help address the growing concerns and needs in public health services (The RCN’s UK position on health visiting in the early years, 2011).
The nurse must play the role of care provider, advocate, educator, manager and collaborator in provision of high quality health care to the population. Community health nurses roles in planning, intervention and evaluation Introduction Community health nursing entails preventing diseases, prolonging life, promoting health and preventing of the communicable diseases through advocating for personal hygiene, organizing the diagnosis and nursing services (Carroll, 2004).
Those facilities that provide quality care will be rewarded by an accredited status and receive ongoing funding. But the proviso contained above in the small word 'if is highly significant. If residential aged care facilities are facilitated by way of funding in their endeavors to provide the necessary care by appropriately qualified nurses, they will be able to meet the future with confidence.
Community can be defined as all people who live within a particular geographical location, for example the London community (McGary, 2003). Additionally, a community is made up of the formal organizations of a society, such as its institutions of family, schools, government and hospitals.
For instance, the public policy formulated and implemented by the World Health Organization to many countries during the influenza outbreak might be one of such fraud policies (Cohen & Carter, 2006). Good health policies related to public
However, each change involves the modification of various structures and various things in such an organisation or institution. Good leadership and management will have to respond to this change in order to ensure that the change goes to contribute the best results to the healthcare facility (Sherring, 2012)
These reasons include overeating, shortage in conducting physical activities and adverse hormones as well as environmental impacts. However, the people who are affected with this particular health disorder generally
Healthier communities are socio-geographical groupings that are liberated from the disease burden. Healthier community may not attain the full standards of complete health according to the WHO but can benefit from
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