According to Jones (2012), public health issues are organized and implemented for the entire population with public funding. The disease control feature has been the greatest beneficiary of public funding throughout history. It has also been organized and implemented severally in different population. Therefore, there has been emerging new disease control system that helps to control diseases that were uncontrollable in the past like cancer and meningitis. As a result, it has yielded very great impact in improving health status and quality of life throughout history and it is expected to continue doing so even in the future. Another feature of public health that has contributed a great deal in improving health status and quality of life through history is the injury control. In the past public health, community did not take interest in injury prevention since they thought that most of them were inevitable. However, about half a century ago they came to realize that most of the injuries that affect people could be prevented. After this realization, tools of injury prevention were developed to prevent injuries. Some of these tools like the training of drivers and driving policies are remains viable today and can be used in risk reduction (Jansen, 2012). This is because of the great role they have been playing in improving health status and quality of life throughout history. Poverty and health According to Perales & Young (1988), in several nations access to health care is generally dependent on the ability to pay for it. In addition, several research undertaken in different populations indicate that people who are worse of socio-economically have worse health regardless of how we measure socio-economic status (Marmot & Wilkinson, 2006). Therefore, it is clear that poverty cause poor health in a community. However, several researches undertaken by the World Health Organization identifies poor health as the major cause of poverty (WHO, 2006). Using this view we can conclude that poor health is a cause of poverty. Therefore, the best way to represent the relationship between poverty and health is using a cycle that indicates that one leads to the other depending on which one has occurred first. The different views on the relationship between poverty and health influence public health policies in different ways. The two major ways in which they influence public policies is through how policies are formulated and how they are implemented. The view of poverty as a cause of poor health mainly makes the policy makers and implementers to focus on public health policies that focus in controlling poverty in their effort to improve public health. On the other hand, the view of poor health as a cause of poverty makes policy makers and implementers to focus on policies that can improve health in an effort to reduce poverty. Two major types of measurement used to assess and report health related finding are the measure of productivity of a person and the measure of their productive levels of a person. In terms of productivity of a person, one can measure the number of hour that a person is able to work continuously without being interrupted by an illness. In terms of reproductive levels, one can measure whether an individual has inability to have offspring. These two types of measurem
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Community and Public Health Historical contributions of public health Community and public health have several different features defining the different role they play in promoting people’s health. According to Hernandez & Munthali (2007), some of these features include epidemiology, environmental health, disease control, maternal and child health, injury control, occupational health and nutrition…
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