The health care infrastructure is undergoing a revolution whereby novel technological innovations such as electronic medical records have been incorporated in to the health care system in place of the conventional paper records. The introduction of electronic medical records has enabled health care personnel to improve the quality of health care delivered by not only reducing the costs and errors but also by making the system more personalized for patients (Meingast, Roosta, & Sastry, 2006). There are several advantages of electronic medical records including ease of access for both patients and health care providers, reduction in errors, and standardization of medical terms and records. The electronic medical records are accessible via the internet by the patients, their health care providers, such as physicians and nurses, and other stakeholders such as insurance companies (Meingast, Roosta, & Sastry, 2006). This leads to a myriad of regulatory issues regarding the security and privacy of the patient data. The main regulatory issues regarding the protection and confidentiality of the patient data include concerns regarding the privileges to access the data, reliable storage of data, security of data transfer and the rights to use and analyze patient data (Meingast, Roosta, & Sastry, 2006). There are several regulations in place regarding the safety of patient data. The main regulatory framework in place is the Federal Regulations of The American Health Insurance Portability and Accountability
Act (HIPAA) (Meingast, Roosta, & Sastry, 2006).