This research aims to evaluate and present the basic Healthcare providence as an essential for all countries worldwide. A healthy nation is considered to be a happy nation. All over the world, countries and their governments make efforts to make their healthcare systems efficient and comprehensive, providing coverage for everyone. This has given birth to several forms of healthcare systems. The two basic categories of healthcare providers split under the categories of Public Healthcare Providers and Private Healthcare Providers. The basic Healthcare system in Canada that has developed in three stages; Hospital Services and Diagnostics Act (1957), Medical Care Act (1966) and the Canada Health Act (1984). The Hospital Services and Diagnostics Act of 1957 ensured that provincial healthcare plans covered hospital care. The Medical Care Act of 1966 ensured that the provincial public insurance programs included the physician fees. Lastly, the Canada Health Act of 1984, which is the decisive factor of today’s Canadian Healthcare System, stated that all Canadian citizens should have continued access to quality healthcare without financial and other barriers, which will be critical in maintaining their health and well-being. All these acts were centered on Public Healthcare providence. The issue of Public and Private healthcare system arises due to several reasons that require a prior understanding of the two systems. The Public Healthcare system is provincially governed endorsed under the Canadian Health Act of 1984, providing basic healthcare facilities to all eligible individuals who possess a provincial healthcare insurance program. These facilities are essentially publicly funded through taxes and insurance programs with no last minute payments being made. These facilities are also publicly delivered, which implies they are provided by government funded entities. However, all other non-basic healthcare facilities like ambulance services, private rooms etc fall under the category of Private facilities which are paid for out-of-pocket unless they are integrated into the insurance the patient has purchased. Such services are not necessarily deemed essential for ensuring the basic health of patients, and are usually covered by private insurance programs or extended provincial insurance programs. Hence these services may or may not be funded publicly, however, the patient is expected to pay either in the form of on-spot cash payments or advance private insurance payments. It is often quoted that about 75% of healthcare services delivered privately are funded publicly. (Schumacher) Under the Canadian constitution, the federal government is primarily responsible for taxation and collection of funds, while the provincial government is responsible for healthcare providence. This leads to skirmishes between the two levels of governance. However, according to the Canada Health Act, it was established that provincial governments will be entitled to a complete federal contribution for their healthcare if they fulfilled certain requirements. These included the provincial go
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