The biomedical model of health and disease is one that dates back to the 19th century and is much a product of the zeitgeist of its time. The biomedical model of health and disease purports that the body is a machine and its operation is governed by the same laws of physics that apply to the running of a machine…
Health psychology, on the hand, utilizes a proactive approach to dealing with the promotion of health and the prevention of disease. In so doing, it utilizes a wide array of biological, physiological and psychological concepts to arrive at a clear and concise understanding of disease prevention as well as health promotion. It exploits the mind-body connection in assessing the root causes of those diseases. Those root causes can be traced to emotional, environmental, social and cognitive-behavioral risk factors. Health psychology utilizes a tri-part approach to dealing with diseases. This approach involves a concise understanding of both the physiological and psychological components of diseases, a proactive approach to disease prevention and an intimate understanding of the effects of diseases on the body. This tri-part approach has the ultimate goal of disease prevention. According Ogden, health psychologists play a vital role in the education of health professionals whereby they are able to stress the importance of dealing with all components of a disease (biological, psychological and psychological components). By bringing emphasis to those areas, health psychologists are able to effectively and efficiently impact the treatment plans developed by physicians and nurses.
In offering a clear and concise approach to disease management and prevention, health psychology challenges the biomedical model. It most formidable challenge can be seen in the presentation of empirical support for the mind-body connection. The most substantial support for that connection can be seen in the notion of psychosomatic illnesses. That is the manifestation of disease symptomology without the "normally" associated causal factors for that disease. Essentially this indicates the presence of another cause-the influence of the mind. The mind-body connection stresses the importance of factors such as stress and emotionality in facilitating the presentation of disease symptomology.
Within the spectrum of health and wellness is the inevitability of death. As humans, we are faced with the notion that by virtue of life, we are destined to die. Some individuals die suddenly while others die after contracting a terminal fatal illness. The contraction of a fatal illness is a difficult concept to come to grips with. Examinations of the manner in which individuals cope with this situation have been instrumental in the formulation of many theories. One of the most significant of theories is that of Elizabeth Kubler-Ross wherein she proposes an emotional response to change model. This model purports that when an individual receives bad news, he/she reacts emotionally by going through five emotional stages. Those changes include denial, anger, bargaining, depression and acceptance. These stages follow a natural progression and over the course of time, they yield an adjustment ...
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(Biomedical Model of Health and Illness Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Biomedical Model of Health and Illness Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/271608-biomedical-model-of-health-and-illness.
The model proposes that the action of a human being is in the form of an interactive system through which the biological factors associate with the social factors and psychological factors; the interactions occur “within the social context of human activity and existence” (Janowski 2009, p11).
The model was introduced in the nineteenth century and has been used widely to diagnose diseases by the doctors. According to the model every disease or disorder is caused by a physical harm. In other words the diseases or disorders are caused by germs or genes which might be changing the internal environment of the body to cause the disease.
The biomedical model insists that the health of an individual is affected when a disease, which implies specific malfunctions of the human body, affects the individual. The biomedical model is more practical when compared to the socio medical model of health (Derick, 2004).
In the biomedical health-care system, the care provider does not have enough time to listen to all of the patient’s concerns and thus offers ineffective care. The system does not address the many psychological risk factors for both morbidity and mortality, and ignores the psychosocial aspects.
Biomedical research model and model systems are the main components which aim at improving human health. Throughout the history of western science the development of biology has gone in hand with that of medicine.
In other words, often illness is considered to be closely related with specific psychological and social patterns. Towards this direction, it could be stated that the sociological and cultural theories could