Health Sciences & Medicine
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The biomedical model of health and disease is one that dates back to the 19th century and is much a product of the zeitgeist of its time. The biomedical model of health and disease purports that the body is a machine and its operation is governed by the same laws of physics that apply to the running of a machine.


In dealing with diseases, the rudimentary causes are ascertained and quantified. This quantification facilitates an assessment of biological risk factors as well as the behavioral risk factors associated with those diseases. It is effective in treating diseases such as strokes, high blood pressure, heart disease and obesity. It has also been instrumental in presenting a clear association between those diseases and behavioral risk factors such as smoking, unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise.
Health psychology, on the hand, utilizes a proactive approach to dealing with the promotion of health and the prevention of disease. In so doing, it utilizes a wide array of biological, physiological and psychological concepts to arrive at a clear and concise understanding of disease prevention as well as health promotion. It exploits the mind-body connection in assessing the root causes of those diseases. Those root causes can be traced to emotional, environmental, social and cognitive-behavioral risk factors. Health psychology utilizes a tri-part approach to dealing with diseases. This approach involves a concise understanding of both the physiological and psychological components of diseases, a proactive approach to disease prevention and an intimate understanding of the effects of diseases on the body. ...
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