The kids in this condition have problems with concentration, with long-lasting activity and are easily distracted. Sometimes this condition is accompanied with behavioral problems. The stimulants of central nervous system decrease the level of restlessness, help a kid to concentrate attention and improve the general emotional condition. Of course, stimulants are used as a part of the whole medical treatment program; they should be accompanied with certain educational help and psychological consultations. (2)
Despite evident influence of the stimulants on the ADHD, using them is constantly discussed by specialists, because they may cause various side effects in all cases, and especially in treating the kids. The major concern is that the stimulants are prescribed in cases when the kids do not need them, as there are definite mental conditions that have the same symptoms as ADHD. Thus, parents and doctors should carefully consider the profits and risks of such a therapy, before using it. The problem of misdiagnoses and dual diagnoses is discussed in Misdiagnosis And Dual Diagnoses Of Gifted Children And Adults, a book delivering a research of the problem, written by specialists in mental and medical health. These authors take one aspect of the problem, describing the difficulty in diagnosing ADHD, when gifted children show the same symptoms without having this condition. The specialists say about the danger to overmedicate gifted children while the curriculum seems dull to them and they cannot concentrate because their sphere of interests and intellectual level is more advanced, compared to their classmates. In this case medicine will kill their skills or they will lose their natural interest to personal development and getting new information. The book also gives strict criteria for determination of ADHD conditions in order to avoid misdiagnoses.
It has been already proved that the stimulants of central nervous system may badly influence the growth of the kids and their behavior. Some specialists insist on sometimes intervals in using the stimulants for better effect and less problems with the kids' health. The other problems that adults occur using this kind of medicine, are the loss of weight and appetite, sleeplessness, stomach problems. Kid's body is more sensitive to the influence of the drugs, especially in the period of growth, and the bad effects of the stimulants may become disastrous.
Each year a number of schoolchildren using drugs to treat ADHD is growing. This growth in turn stimulated the growth of public concern that more and more schoolchildren cannot control their attention and emotional condition without medicines.
As it has been mentioned above, common meaning and various social and political organizations confront the growth of using central nervous system stimulants in kids' health treatment. One of the recent articles in Counterpunch, an online magazine on political issues, comprises the discussion and critics of the governmental policy concerning health issues. The author of the article, Evelyn Pringle, argues a new Program that Bush desires to implement - a special program that will screen the mental health of the nation. This program comprises screening the mental conditions and treating them in social institutions like schools, welfare institutions and the institutions of the