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Anorexia Nervosa and Media Promoted Body Image: the Role of Mass Media in Increasingly - Essay Example
This paper investigates the relationship between increasing occurrence of anorexia nervosa in contemporary adolescents and mass media, namely television. Mass media provide female adolescents with distorted ideal of physical appearance. Consequently, they begin to display great concern about their "non-compliant" physical condition trying to shape their bodies in accord with the distorted image, which leads to increased likelihood of developing anorexia nervosa or other eating disorders.
Officially, anorexia is estimated to be the third most common chronic condition among adolescent girls, but many scholars believe that official statistics does not reflect all incidents of this disorder. The true occurrence of anorexia may be times higher if one takes into consideration unreported or undiagnosed cases (Misra et al, 2004).
DSM-IV identifies two types of anorexia nervosa: food restricting type, and binge eating (purging). The most common characteristic of the restricting type is substantial reduction in calories intake (normally to 300 to 700 kcal per day) and intensive physical overexercising. By contrast, in the binging type intake of calories may be either small or as high as several thousand followed by purging - self-induced or pharmacologically conditioned vomiting (Yager and Andersen, 2005: 1481). Health complications resulting from either type of this eating disorder affect practically all biological systems of human organism.
Anorexia nervosa is reported to entail a number of major and minor health consequences. ...