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The U.K. epidemiology and strategies for the management of disease caused by streptococcus agalactiae - Essay Example
Author : gkirlin
Health Sciences & Medicine
Pages 3 (753 words)
Streptococcus is a general name that has been assigned to the class of bacteria, which induce mastitis in dairy cows. Streptococcus agalactiae is a common cause of sub clinical and mild to moderate clinical mastitis infections in dairy cows. …
Mastitis induced by S. agalactiae can be transmitted to other cows and is therefore considered as being contagious. The infection thus circulates its presence from one cow to another cow as well as during milking through milking machine, hands of milker, and towels used during the process. Thus, the UK administration for prevention of spread of S. agalactiae concentrates its attention on the adoption of good means of cleaning for milking process. And also, the isolation of cows suffering from S. agalactiae is considered crucial.
Streptococcus agalactiae also called as group B Streptococcus is one of the commonest cause of invasive disease in neonates in UK (Public Health Laboratory Services, 2002) and USA (Schuchat, 1999). It is being considered as an emerging pathogen in the elderly (Henning, et al., 2001). Maternal sepsis is one of the inscribed side effects of S. agalactiae. The S. agalactiae can however, be isolated from the genitourinary and gastrointestinal tracts.
In the descriptive epidemeology of S. agalactiae, capsular stereotyping is one of the mainstays. In total nine capsular stereotypes have been described by the scientific contribution to this essential field of attention. The capsular stereotypes that have been brought to the platform of knowledge include Ia, Ib, and II to VIII. Amongst these, the stereotype III S. agalactiae strain is crucial for understanding since it holds the base of reason for the causation of majority of infections, including meningitis. ...