Although the prevalence of obesity is very low-less than 1 percent-over half a million Americans suffer from this condition and many of them seek psychiatric help at some time in their life. It is, therefore, worth describing the newer surgical procedures and some of their surprisingly favorable behavioral sequelae. Two operations currently dominate the treatment of obesity-jejunoileal bypass and gastric bypass.
Mason and Ito (1967) developed the gastric bypass as surgical solution to obesity. Gastric bypass surgery reduced the size of the stomach to limit the amount of food it would hold (Halmi 1980), avoiding some of the problems of the intestinal bypass while continuing the predominance of surgical intervention as the absolute treatment of chronic obesity problems. As with other surgical means to deal with obesity, the gastric bypass proved to have a number of complications and also has fallen into less use by the medical profession. Physicians have developed few surgical procedures to medicalize other forms of deviance, with the exception of the lobotomy for mental illness. Interest in surgery for the treatment of obesity rose until the late 1970s and then declined.
European surgeons developed the surgical technique of suction lipectomy (popularly called "liposuction") to remove fat stored on selected body sites, and it became popularly applied in the United States. Such cosmetic surgical treatments are morally ambiguous. Like other forms of plastic surgery, liposuction uses medical technology but deals with appearance rather than disease and does not attach a sickness label to the patient.
Researchers suggest that an oversupply of surgeons generated demand for their services by applying their craft to obesity. An early form of eating control was jaw wiring, which required obese patients to subsist on only liquid diets. This procedure gave a physician (with the aid of a dentist) control over the eating of obese patients, producing dramatic weight loss and making physicians medical gatekeepers to the technique. Jaw wiring gained much attention in the mass media as promoting weight loss. However, once jaws were unwired there was typically recidivism back to obesity. Physicians lacked enthusiasm for jaw wiring, as evidenced by the relatively small number of publications in the medical literature about the topic.
The lack of success with jaw wiring led surgeons to seek more lasting medical procedures to control obesity. Permanent surgical procedures that bypassed a part of the digestive process had been around for a long time, and were tried as a solution that allowed eating without the consequences of digestion and consequent fat storage. The intestinal bypass surgical technique
This paper has discussed gastric bypass that is a surgical solution to obesity. It has further discussed long term risk and benefits of Gastric bypass surgery as this surgery reduced the size of the stomach to limit the amount of food it would hold, avoiding some of the problems of the intestinal bypass while continuing the predominance of surgical intervention as the absolute treatment of chronic obesity problems…
The types of insurances that provide such protection against disabilities and accidents are many. Also the high costs of health care has become a hot topic nationwide where every TV channel loves to provide their broadcast on the crisis upon the healthcare system in USA.
In economically affluent countries and in some developing countries, obesity is a health problem. The connection between obesity and premature death from hypertension and coronary heart disease is well established. The basic cause of obesity is over-nutrition.
So much advertisement has offered audiences how to attain weight loss, but only very few bring about positive outcomes.To effectively reach this goal, one must understand the mechanism involve in balancing energy intake and energy expenditures in daily activities.
Unfortunately, conventional therapies, such as, diet, exercise, life style modification, hormonal therapy, or drug therapy alone or in combination is often a failure. Fortunately, surgical manipulation of the gastrointestinal tract may be useful in certain cases depending on specific clinical criteria or body mass index.
For these reasons most people are always on a lookout for a reliable program that can not only reduce their weight but also does not develop and side effects. Keeping this perspective in mind, a weight reduction program namely ‘Herbalife’s weight loss
The author states that there are various popular diets available in the market, varying in type and amount of regulated food. Based on the type of prescribed food, the weight loss diets are mainly categorized in high protein and low carbohydrate diets, high carbohydrate and low fat diets, calorie-based diets, gluten-free diets, nutritarian diets.
ams have shifted from Traditional Weight Lifting, which involve high-intensity training to Crossfit (CF) training, which involve a combinations of aerobics and weight training, all in effort for muscle strength and endurance, skill improvement and power increase. CrossFit adds
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