The mitigation refers to the activities that are intended to prevent a disaster or to minimize the chances while preparedness consists of plans and preparations to save the people and properties from the disaster. Response involves action undertaken to prevent further property damage; whereas recovery involves actions that help to return to normal or safer situations. In this Emergency Response Plan, three emergencies are being analyzed, namely hurricane, massive hail, and severe drought covering the area of Irving community, Texas. The hazard and vulnerability analysis conducted on these disasters explains the severity of the emergencies and their impacts on the lives and property of the people. Risk Index Table Hazard Massive Hail Hurricane Drought Magnitude Catastrophic Catastrophic Critical Frequency Highly Likely Likely Likely Seasonal Pattern Spring, Summer Spring Summer Duration Short Varies Long Speed of Onset 6-12 hours 12-24 hours More than 24 hours Priority 1 2 3 (Source: FEMA, 2011) 1. Massive Hailstorm Hailstorm is seen in the form of balls or uneven lumps of ice consisting precipitation. The hails are formed when the clouds move upwards carrying raindrops into exceedingly cold areas of the atmosphere. Usually hail has a diameter of five millimeters or more, and the small particles are called as either ice pellets or snow pellets. The impacts of hailstorm are similar to the blizzard conditions, and the massive falling of hails spoil the agriculture and property. The Natural Resources Canada (2009) explains that hailstorms occur most commonly between May and July; and generally, the storms occur in the afternoon with the hails falling down for about six to ten minutes. Frequency: - The frequency of the hailstorm is recurrent and affects the Irving. Duration: - The duration of the hailstorm is normally six to ten minutes, and sometimes even higher. Vicinity Extent: - The area affected by the hailstorm is extensive. Speed of Onset: - The speed of onset for a hailstorm varies according to the storm. Spatial Dispersion: - The Spatial dispersion for a hailstorm is considered to be extensive. Seasonal Pattern: - Most of the hailstorm usually occurs between Spring and Summer but has chances to occur during the other periods around the year. Risk: - The risk of occurring hailstorm in the Irving is high. There are reported cases of mortality due to the massive hailstorm. There are risks of economic loss too. Previous Incident: - A thunderstorm with large hail-storming caused damages by sweeping past the North-Central Texas in May, 1999. It also caused heavy floods in some of the areas. Issues faced by ERP: - The Irving community was affected by the hailstorm in the recent past. Together with other hazards like thunderstorm and tornadoes, hailstorm is potential to cause severe destruction of buildings and roads, and even deaths. Emergency Response Plan: - The first step is to prepare and maintain an advance warning system for the community. An enhanced communication system must educate the population about the dangers that can be caused by a hailstorm. Some buildings must be maintained as storm shelters for the public. Besides, the population must keep in contact with the local weather experts. 2. Hurricane Generally, a hurricane is a cyclone. A cyclone is a closed flow developing about a low pressure centre in which the wind rotates anticlockwise in the Northern Hemisphere. It rotates clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere with a diameter averages of 10
Cite this document
(“Hazard and vulnerability analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/45247-hazard-and-vulnerability-analysis
(Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/health-sciences-medicine/45247-hazard-and-vulnerability-analysis.
Cited: 0 times
Health Sciences and Medicine Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis Hazard Vulnerability Analysis (HVA) is carried out for evaluating the hazards, their risk of actual occurrence, impacts on the lives, property, and business…
Many past events may have led to the attack on the World Trade Center on September 11th. The location of the World Trade Center was located in an urban city that has a large population. The population of the city and the amount of people inside the building at a given time determines how at risk a location may be.
Human made environmental disturbances such as deforestation, increased mining activities, and unscientific quarrying activities adversely affect the geological as well as ecological structure of the earth. Evidently, the undesirable structure transformation is the root cause of majority of small to medium scale disasters including fires and land sliding.
While efforts to address relief and recovery remain an ad hoc relief approach to address an emergency situation, a comprehensive plan designs for prevention, mitigation, risk reduction and preparedness can address the developmental aspects of an emergency management plan.
I feel it is crucial for us to overlap our Migation Phase with the other phases of our Emergency Management Plan if we want to achieve success.
The main goal of the Migation Phase is to try and preemptively prevent any hazards or problems from developing into full out breaks and disasters.
The other form happens to be man made even through acts of terror.
Disasters that happen through acts of God consist of natural mishaps such as storms, floods, famine, earthquakes, tsunami, bird flu, etc. The other form of disaster occurs due to man-made mishaps or terrorism.
Due to a shallow, gradually sloping bottom that extends well offshore from the coastline, storm surge values will be higher for the county than indicated in the Saffir/Simpson Hurricane Scale. Thus, a rushed analysis might mess up with this basic information of such a report, and so can definitely be a weak point.
And, as we know, our human activities, such as deforestation, use of fossil fuels, release of noxious gases into the atmosphere, widespread pollution etc. are the prime contributors to this deterioration. With our ever-growing
assessment is used by policy makers to help determine the potential loss of life and any other kind of damage caused by extreme natural disasters (3). Since vulnerability is an important aspect of mitigation during natural disasters, it is important to address the issue of