In addition, chronic kidney disease leads to kidney failure due to high costs of medication from patients of low income. According to Fishbane (2005), in 1998, there were over 320,000 cases of patients who received transplantation of kidney, with this number expected to rise in future.
Generally, cardiovascular diseases are associated with chronic kidney disease, since most patients that suffer from chronic kidney disease are likely to die of cardiovascular disease rather than developing a kidney failure. This is the main relationship between these two diseases. However, both diseases are treatable and preventable. Nevertheless, cardiovascular in kidney failure is up to 30 time higher in patients who are treated by dialysis (Sarnak, et al, 2003). Patients who suffer from chronic kidney disease have a five times high possibility to die fast compared to the normal people. Therefore, research shows that since cardiovascular rate is high, early treatment of the disease is suggested is patients with chronic kidney disease (Collins, et al. 2003)....
When kidney function ceases, water, waste and toxic substances accumulate in the body. These are the substances that are excreted by a normal kidney, which a damaged kidney cannot handle. The major causes of chronic kidney failures are high blood pressure and diabetes, however, the choice of ones lifestyle can also lead to this disease. In Ali’s case, heavy consumption of alcohol and frequent smoking at his age is the main cause to the kidney disease. When one consumes a lot of alcohol, it not only interferes with the kidney’s function, but also causes heart and liver disease as well as high blood pressure, inclusive of frequent urinating. Nevertheless, moderate alcohol consumption is assumed fine as long as it does not interfere with one’s health and safety. Moreover, it is advisable for one to consume a glass or two as alcohol prevents heart disease; hence, smartness is required in alcohol consumption, (Epstein, 2007, p.84). Question 3 Describe why Ali’s symptoms (nausea, vomiting, tiredness) have arisen now. When the kidney ceases to function, waste substances are not excreted. These results are associated with some symptoms, since the body cannot function normally. Chronic kidney disease starts with the slow loss of the kidney function, and at first, the symptoms are not visible or there may be none. However, when the kidney function is less than one–tenth of the normal function, symptoms begin to show. When the chronic kidney disease reaches its final stage, known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), the kidney no longer functions and dialysis is the only option. In Ali’s case, these symptoms are an indication