One of the reasons that are given against genetically modified food is that the food may contain some harmful allergens that may cause negative effects to those who consume the food. Sufficient research has not been carried out to guarantee the consumers the safety of genetically modified foods that the injection of genes into fruits and vegetables. This therefore means that the product of genetic modification (the food that is produced) is actually unstable. There is also the issue of genetic instability that renders genetic modification of food unhealthy. This means that it is not guaranteed that the new genetic material that is being inserted in the process of genetic modification is stable. The introduction of genes that are unstable will lead to the destabilization of the food that has been created which would make it harmful for human consumption. When unstable genes are introduced to foods, there is an increased possibility that some of the nontoxic elements that are in the food being modified could actually become toxic. The research into the genetic composition of foods is therefore not sufficient to guarantee that the insertion of the genes into different foods is actually healthy. It is also possible that the level of toxins that naturally occurs in foods is increased through the process of genetic modification. The toxins that are found in food and have the potential to be increased in the process of genetic modification include solanine. As there is no rule that requires food manufacturers and producers to test the foods they have produced for these substances, the food may end up harming the consumer (Nestle 28). Another disadvantage of the genetic modification of food is that it may lead to allergic reaction in people. There is a high number of people who have some form of allergy or adverse reaction to different types of food. This therefore renders genetic modification unhealthy because there is a chance that some allergens may be transferred from the food that a person is allergic to and inserted to a food that the person considers to be safe for his consumption (Teitel & Wilson 11). This will therefore lead to an allergic reaction in the person upon the consumption of foods that he had considered safe. The risk of allergic reaction from the consumption of genetically modified foods also comes from the fact that the process of genetic modification has the potential to create new allergens that could further increase the population of people who suffer from food allergies. This is made worse by the fact that there is no legal requirement that forces food manufacturers to label food as being genetically modified. The genetic modification of food makes the bacteria that cause diseases to be resistant to the available antibiotics. The anti-biotic resistance markers that are contained in the genetically modified foods are used to determine whether there is new genetic substance that has been added or transferred to the host food (food being modified). This means that during the process of large-scale production of genetically modified foods, the antibiotic markers will cause the antibiotic available to be ineffective against the harmful bacteria. An example of this is the genetically engineered maize that is grown in Novartis that has been found to contain a gene that is
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Instructor Genetically Modified Foods The debate regarding genetically modified foods has always been complex and continues to elicit mixed reactions. Genetically modified foods are foods-this includes plants and animals, which are developed or grown by the use of the newly developed molecular biology technology…
Topic Proposal Can GM food provide food security for masses and eliminate nutritional deficiencies such as vitamin A, iron deficiency among people, especially in the developing countries where a large proportion of people either do not get sufficient food or suffer from malnutrition?
This being the case, scientists in the biotechnology sector have been working hard in order to come up with new species of crops that are more resistant to climatic conditions hence ensuring food security for the whole world (Freedman 44). Although many biotechnologists and organizations have proposed the use of genetically modified organisms in curbing world hunger, the technique of food production has faced an equal measure of opposition from the resilient and concerned quarters (Teitel and Wilson 36).
Thus, it was a bacterium of one family expressing the characteristics of a different one. This discovery made it possible to engineer genetically organisms. These raised concerns in the scientific fraternity. As a result, this discovery was widely explored at the Asilomar Conference that year.
It, accordingly, involves the re-composition of any, or all of, the food's texture, coloring, taste and chemical and nutrient constituent elements. As such, Roller and Harlander (1998) maintain its significant variation from traditional farming/breeding techniques, wherein the laws of nature supersede.
Animals and plants are becoming genetically engineered, altered at the molecular level to enhance the production of food. These genetic manipulations can lead to larger plants and animals, shorter gestation periods, immunity from certain diseases and better climate adaptability.
According to Evenson and Santaniello (2004), during 2003, around 167 million acres (67.7 million hectares) developed via 7 million farmers in 18 countries were planted with Genetic Modified crops, the major ones being herbicide- and insecticide - opposing soybeans, corn, cotton, and canola.
"Scientists and farmers have been genetically modifying plants for hundreds of years," he says. Hybrid corn and tangelos (hybrid of a tangerine and grapefruit), for example, are the result of genetic modification through traditional methods of plant breeding.
Genetically modified foods have increasingly entered the modern food market, mainly for trade and solving the problem of food security which many societies are facing due to declining farm yields and increased draught.
In the modern world, technology has continued to influence people’s lifestyle patterns in a great way. Besides social economic and physiological changes among others that have been witnessed due to technology, health patterns and behavior have also received a fair share of the same influence under various kinds of technology.
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