Dr. Wakefield’s research employed rigorous tools and methodologies for which no proper ethical approval was obtained for invasive procedures on children. On the other hand, it was found that Dr. Wakefield had exchanged funds with the lawyers of children’s parents that were made part of the research. The research further employed references of other studies that were conducted by either the coauthors of the same research or his friends. Where autism is a disorder for which little information is present regarding its causative agents and cures, a theory supporting the idea that it is caused by MMR vaccination made many parents believe that prevention from vaccination can benefit their child despite having contradictory evidence in the rates of epidemiological increases after this research. The research was later on criticized by other independent studies which raised questions about the effectiveness of Dr. Wakefield’s work. Presence of a reputable medical journal The Lancet and other media bodies providing coverage to this research further aggravated the situation. A medical journal is usually used by medical practitioners, researchers, and educationists in the same field. However, vetting of Dr. Wakefield’s article by a medical journal allowed journalists and other media channels to disseminate information to local people. As a result, parents refused to provide vaccination to their children in large parts of the world with reported epidemics in the UK, US, Austria, Italy, and Switzerland.
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An essay "Dr. Wakefield’s Research & Role played by Media" is considered to have reduced rates of vaccination received worldwide tremendously and resulting in the emergence of epidemics in different parts of the world. Another critical factor is the role played by media…
It will also specifically discuss the risks associated with the MMR (mumps-measles-rubella) vaccine. Learning outcomes relating to issues underlying the concept of risk in modern society will initially be discussed. Secondly, an evaluation of how such concept of risk now impacts on policy and practice in the administration of the MMR vaccine will follow.
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013), “some people have had concerns that autism might be linked to the vaccines children receive” (Web). It is unfortunate that cases of autism have largely increased amongst children aged between one and two years.
Andrew Wakefield and his co-researchers on the subject of relation between onset of autism and use of vaccination against measles, mumps and rubella. The study is considered to have reduced rates of vaccination received worldwide tremendously and resulting in emergence of epidemics in different parts of the world.
Presence of these perspectives is largely due to varying views on the process of child development adopted by proponents of different psychological schools.
The nature vs. nurture dispute in aetiology of childhood disorders revolves around one basic question, namely which factors are more influential in the process of mental development of an child: the biological or genetic makeup of a person (nature) or the upbringing and parenting style and other environmental factors (nurture) (Knowlton, 2005).
Mumps Encephalitis develops in 260 per 100 000 patients and 0.1 to 15% suffer from Meningitis. In Rubella, Encephalitis develops in 13 out of 100 000 patients. Hence, it is of utmost public health importance that these diseases are prevented by Immunization thereby reducing Mortality and Morbidity.
rs combine to result in one or other type of disorder) seems to prevail in modern research, there are still several major perspectives that view one or other group of factors as dominant in aetiology of childhood disorders. Presence of these perspectives is largely due to