and Promotion's "MyPyramid," the recently revised Food Guide Pyramid of 1992, is an interactive, personal teaching and assessment tool based on the Dietary Guidelines for Americans that encourages the promotion of healthier eating and physical activity patterns (Hentges 4). Regular physical activity has been shown to significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and improves overall quality of life. Kruger, Bowles, Jones, Ainsworth, and Kohl (321) examined the association between health-related quality of life and physical activity among 9,173 participants. Results showed that the prevalence of health-related quality of life was inversely related to physical activity participation. A similar epidemiological study to examine the association between physical activity and body mass index alone and in combination with cardiovascular disease biomarkers in a cohort of women in the Women's Health Study found that any increase in physical activity was generally associated with more favorable cardiovascular biomarkers (Mora, Lee, Buring, & Ridker, 1418). Wessel et al. (1185-1186) also found that higher physical fitness scores were independently associated with fewer incidences of coronary artery disease risk factors among Women. Research also supports the claim that physical activity increases longevity in both men and women (Franco et al., 2359-2360). A review of evidence-based research on the relationship between obesity related cardiovascular disease and nutrition indicated several key dietary modifications that could reduce the risk of such diseases related to obesity. These strategies included: reduction of saturated fat and substitution with unsaturated fats, adoption of the Mediterranean diet as proposed by the American Heart Association which includes high...
This essay "Nutrition Education Program to Prevent Obesity Epidemic" outlines one of the options to solve the problem of overweight among USA citizens. Obesity is 1 of the 10 leading indicators of health in the United States. As of 2012, more than half the population of the United States are overweight and more than 26.7 % of individuals are obese. These statistics are generally the same for both genders. Although these numbers escalate over time, young adults aged 18 to 29 years appeared to one of the major cohorts that report more incidence of overweight and obesity (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention ‘Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report’ 3). Statistics also show that overweight adolescents have a 70% chance of becoming overweight adults. This number increases to 80% if one or both parents are overweight or obese (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services 10).
Research has shown that obesity increases the risk for other chronic diseases such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes, cancer, and especially heart disease and stroke (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, ‘Physical Activity and Good Nutrition’ 1-4). Health of the Nation Annual Report published in 2005 has also shown that cardiovascular disease (CVD), particularly heart disease and stroke, ranked first and third, respectively, as leading causes of death in the United States (National Center for Health Statistics 11). Even though the prevalence of CVD in America is less of a burden for young children, adolescents, and young adults (600 cases per year).