develop diseases, and others don’t, researchers have particular singled out specific risk factors that increase individual’s vulnerability to developing certain types of diseases or conditions.
The effects of cigarette smoking, alcohol abuse and high fat diet on the development of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases are well documented. It is however difficult to disentangle the effects of smoking and alcohol since the two tends to be correlated because many smokers are also heavy alcohol abusers. However, all these factors have serious risks to the normal function of the respiratory and cardiovascular systems. It is therefore important to note that one can reduce their risk of early death by taking a lifestyle change and reducing smoking, alcohol and high fat diet. This study examines a comprehensive review of peer reviewed journals in order to evaluate the risk factors; alcohol abuse, smoking and high fat diet on the respiratory and cardiovascular systems, pathophysiology and also to identify possible emergency medical management.
Epidemiologic evidence of lung cancer is very important since it forms the basis for early intervention practices as well as treatment interventions. While evaluation of the risk factors play key role in prevention of respiratory and cardiovascular systems’ disorders, epidemiologic evidence is crucial in assessing the effectiveness of the interventions programs. The use of tobacco and exposure has been linked to various forms of cancer due to its carcinogenic chemicals. According to Hoffmann et al (2013 p.2), tobacco smoke contains50 carcinogenic chemicals out of 400 chemicals. The World health Organization estimates the world population of smokers to be consuming 6 trillion of cigarettes annually. However, this excludes the second hand smokers who are also at high health risk. According to World Health Organization, annual tobacco related deaths are expected to by 10 percent to eight million by 2030 if something is not