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Metaphor in Korean and Arab Culture
Journalism & Communication
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Metaphor in Korean and Arab culture [Name] [Date] Abstract This paper deals with metaphor and its important role in languages and cultures of different nations. Further on metaphor is considered in English, Korean and Arabic cultures. Metaphor is positioned as a means of cognition and reflection of sociological and cultural peculiarities of different nations.
The modern theory of cognitive metaphor is developed in the works of many scholars, in accordance with which, “metaphor is an instrument of cognition, structuring and explanation of reality” (Lakoff, 1993, p. 217). Following J. Lakoff, we agree that “metaphor is located in thought and not in the language”. Metaphor is a source for something new and interesting. There is a certain cultural background in different metaphors because they reflect specific needs of target audience and key issues of life of different nations turn into the sources for further metaphorical derivates. For example, metaphors in American English are often associated with sports because active way of life has been always highly estimated among the Americans (Deignan, Gabrys, & Solska, 1997). Food metaphor is more appropriate for Chinese English because the nation is highly concerned about meals. Thus, family dinners on weekends symbolize unity and dominance of family. Sometimes, metaphors interpretations are similar or different. Thus, Chinese use sports metaphors and Americans use metaphors about food and the meaning of them would be the same. ...
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