StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients

The healthcare professionals often underestimate the nutritional needs of the patients who are critically ill. Moreover, the initiation of nutritional therapy is often delayed in these patients. In the critically ill patient, nutritional status plays a key role in recovery. The extent of muscle wasting and weight loss in the ICU is inversely correlated with long-term survival. However, because conventional parenteral nutritional therapy of malnourished critically ill patients has not been demonstrated to produce anabolism, blunting of the catabolic state may be the more effective strategy. Over the top of that malnutrition in the critically ill patients have been associated with increased mortality, morbidity, and length of stay, which may be correlated to increased dependency of mechanical ventilation, enhanced rates of infection, and impairment of wound healing. Therefore, to determine the evidence in this area of care, it would be prudent to critically analyse the research findings which could justify the indications and contraindications of nutritional therapy in these patients. ...
Concomitantly, there is an increase globulin synthesis as a part of acute phase response. Metabolically, there is noted to be increased gluconeogenesis along with reduced serum iron and zinc levels and increased copper and ceruloplasmin levels. These changes lead to fever and an associated negative nitrogen balance. There is protein breakdown invariably in all patients. There is evidence that critically ill adult patients may lose about 16-20 g of nitrogen, which are supposed to be excreted in the form of urea, which in normal individuals are about 10-12 g/d. Many acutely ill patients have septic complications, and in some of them, the nitrogen loss may account for up to 24 g of urinary urea nitrogen daily. The nutritional implications of these facts become very significant since with the loss of 1 g of urinary urea nitrogen, the nitrogen content in 6.25 g of protein is loss, which is equivalent to approximately 1 oz of lean body mass. As one can calculate, the loss of 16 g of nitrogen as urinary urea is therefore equal to the loss of about 1 lb of skeletal muscle or lean body mass per day (Doig et al., 2008).
Nutritional supplementation, hence, bears an important meaning in the management of patients who are critically ill. Studies have indicated that initiation of nutritional supportive treatments in critically ill patients within 48 to 72 hours of admission has at least three important outcomes. These are improved clinical outcomes, lower rates of infectious complications, and shorter duration of hospital stay. The route of administration of nutritional supports to these patients has also important influences over clinical outcomes. Evidence indicates that enteral nutrition is favorable over parenteral ...Show more

Summary

Malnutrition is known to be a common problem in all hospitalized patients. It has been indicated that at the time of admission to a hospital 40% of the adult patients are compromised with their nutrition. About two-thirds of all patients encounter deterioration during their treatment in the hospitals…
Author : keaton59
Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Nutrition Support of Hospitalized Patients"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Nutrition to prevent weight loss in stroke patients
Undernourishment among stroke patients is very common. James D. Geyer and Camilo R. Gomez (2009, p.282) reported that about 50% of those who survived an acute stroke will experience dysphalgia or the impairment of normal ability to swallow.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Health Service Provision for Older Patients: Alzheimer's Disease
Dementia is frequently encountered in elderly patients admitted to hospitals for any other health issues and hence health professionals like nurses must be aware of this condition to facilitate holistic and appropriate management of these patients. There is enough evidence to suggest that many nurses working in hospitals do not have adequate experience and knowledge in handling elderly patients with dementia, making management of acutely ill elderly patients very difficult and complex (Dewing, 2001).
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Polypharmacy and compliance in diabetc patients
Eventually, factors affecting the adherence to medication (i.e.socio-economic,healthcare system, condition-related, complexity of medication regimen, and patient related factors) will be tackled in details prior to discussing how these problems can be improved
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Animal-Assisted Therapy for Psychiatric Patients
As a result of extensive research, Barker found the use of animals in psychiatric therapy to be extremely beneficial. A 1980 study by Friedmann revealed that pet owners yielded a longer life than non-pet owners. Barker also showed that a 1997 study demonstrated the positive effects animal therapy had on sexual abuse survivors.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Animal-assisted therapy for psychiatric patients
In the same article Barker mentioned that a 1985 study by Francis discovered the healing power of animals by noting the reduction in anxiety patients in a nursing home experienced after being visited by dogs. Levinson, a child psychiatrist in Canada, made the same observation. It was his observation that children became calmer and more willing to talk when his dog was present during therapy sessions.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Summary/ critique of a literature review: Outcomes of therapeutic massage for hospitalized cancer patients
Numerical Rating Scale for pain intensity and Likert-type scale for distress from pain were used to measure the difference from the time of admission and again after a week’s therapy. Various
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Nutrition assessment in older adults
The incidence of malnutrition is high, affecting around 10 % of older people living independently in the community and 60% of those living in institutions (Brownie, 2006: 116). Malnutrition in the elderly
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
TESTING A TOOL(FORM) FOR HOSPITALIZED PATIENTS TO PREVENT DVT
Cohen, et al , 2008, point out that between five to ten percent of mortality in hospitalized patients is due to VTE, making it the one of the most common causes of in-hospital deaths, and yet it is preventable. In addition VTE is responsible for increased patient morbidity
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Enternal Nutrition support assignment
The best choice is to increase the intake of High-Fiber Cereals Low in Saturated Fat and Cholesterol because fibre helps in the bulking of feces in the intestine and its elimination. It also helps in prevention of constipation. Fibre help
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Despite the costs of organising nutrition support teams in hospitals, there is an overall saving in health care cost
Nutrition Support Team (s) consists of doctors, nutrition nurse specialists(s), pharmacist (s) and dietitians who contribute to nutritional support (Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 2015). However, there are several costs incurred in the organization of the nutrition support
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation