Presidents are often confronted by the tension of a needed domestic policy change that is tempered with the deliberateness of the US legislative system, and must rely on the traditional impact of the opinion of the American voter.
One of the obstacles that impede a President's ability to change domestic policy is the realization that domestic policy must adhere to the principle of 'government by the people'. While this ideal is as valid today as it was two centuries ago, it has been tempered by the influence of lobbyists and special interest groups. While the power of public opinion can speak through the president, "lobbying gives special advantages to vocal vested interests and that negotiations carried on behind closed doors can override the.wishes of the whole community in public decision making" (Public Governance 5). Lobbying can influence key congressional votes that may be required to enact a piece of legislation. While a President has the power to veto unfavorable domestic policy bills, lobbyists have the power to kill legislation that may be favorable to the President before it ever gets out of committee. Special interests have undermined the principle of 'government by the people' and influence peddling has presented Presidents with a significant obstacle to their ability to pass domestic legislation.
Even without the undue influence of consultants, lobbyists, and campaign donations domestic policy is routinely subjected to an increased scrutiny that is based on ideological concerns. We may hear this characterized as the fight between the left and right, between liberals and conservatives, or the more extreme use of the terms free market and socialism. These opposing philosophical viewpoints have made it difficult to craft legislation that will be favored by one camp, while not being totally unacceptable to the other. Health care has languished in the realm of inaction for decades as the critical need for legislation is outweighed by the fear of creeping socialism. During the early years of the Clinton Presidency, a consensus could not be reached on health care as the support broke along ideological lines and compromise could not be reached. According to Light, "Central to a President's success is conciliation not challenge; cooperation, not conflict" (291). While the details of a health care program can be compromised, ideology does not have the political flexibility that is required to be negotiated. Even conservative European health care policies are typically significantly more liberal than in the US, yet Clinton's relatively conservative health care bill became bogged down on the issue of ideological differences, rather than on the content of the legislation (Starr). Domestic policy is often burdened with ideology as socially progressive Presidents confront the traditional free market forces of the US political system.
Presidential domestic policies are by definition grand and ambitious projects that may be impeded simply because of their complexity and cost. These Presidential projects may bear the Presidents name and will become a significant part of the administration's historical legacy. The New Deal could not have been implemented on any
Presidential influence on the legislative bodies and public opinion can serve to exert significant influence on the formation and passing of domestic legislation in the United States. In addition to these indirect powers, the President also has the ability to control the budget, exercise veto power over legislation, and control the power of the 'bully pulpit' through national addresses, press conferences, and special presidential announcements…
Presidents holiday was implemented initially in the district of Columbia in 1880 by a legislation of the Congress and expanded in 1885 to accommodate all the federal offices. This paper briefly analyses the significance of Presidents day. Till 1971, the actual birth day of Washington (February 22) was selected as the Presidents day.
Obama (2009-present) best exemplified the dual presidency theory of Wildavsky in their domestic and foreign policies during their administrations. They shared prominent characteristics in common in being elected to the office of presidency: Both democrats were elected in their forties, being two of the youngest presidents in American history, and in the case of Kennedy, he was the first Catholic while Obama was the first African American elected to the presidency.
How did the domestic policies of presidents Reagan, Bush, and Clinton reflect the rise of conservatism in American politics?
Tannsjo states in his book that the Concise Oxford Dictionary defines conservatism as that attitude which is possessed by the person who wants to “maintain existing institutions” (3) when he comes into the government.
The greatness of a President is a matter of opinion, of course; and it depends on a number of possible variables. Thus, ranking the greatest American Presidents in the two-hundred-seventeen year history of the country under its current governmental system requires a establishing a benchmark that can serve as a definition of greatness.
On the other hand, Bush has gotten the U.S. bogged down in a quagmire in Iraq while failing to face an overt nuclear threat from North Korea , blown open the federal budget deficit, presided over economic recession and weakness, overseen an historic gap between corporate profits and worker compensation, and ignored menacing environmental issues such as pollution and global warming.
However, when Franklin Delano Roosevelt became President, he knew something had to be done to help the economy and leaving it alone was not on his agenda. Thus, FDR came up with the New Deal whose purpose was of "Relief, Recover, and Reform;" thus, the New Deal was, "a package of bold and controversial programs designed to invigorate the failing American economy" (Keith, et al 289).
The author states that during his first term, Bill Clinton did not comply with his promise made during the campaign allowing gay men and lesbians serve openly in the armed forces. Instead the Congress presented the “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy which allowed gay men and lesbians serve in the armed forces.
Over the years, several presidents have excelled in uniting the American people and leading the world in democratic principles. Although some have been prominent for restoring American economic might, others have been outstanding
The relationship between Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft was tested and the two had to disagree and run towards different directions despite the long friendship they had (Staton, 2006, pg.56-9). This was a result to reform the American political system
In this light, the President can demand for written reports from the Principal Officer in every executive department on any subject which relates to the duties of the offices. Specifically, Section I of Article II states that, “The executive power shall
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