Karl Marx and Emile Durkheimcitizens - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Karl Marx and Emile Durkheimcitizens

He believes that the individual understands and fits into their society through "Their understanding of religious origin; they are social affairs and the product of collective thought" (Giddens). While the two philosophers had differing opinions on how a society is formed, they are similar in that they both studied how the individual fits into and reacts to their societies.
Marx's theory of "fetishism of commodities" first introduced in his main work Capital, focuses on the capitalist society's obsession with goods and its devaluing of labor. He believes, "Commodities are seen as having power over the people who produce them" (Tucker). Therefore members in a capitalist society begin to function in a cycle of laboring for goods. They strive for more and more commodities and work harder and harder to get them, losing focus on the true value of the commodities. This kind of society loses the relationship between the producer and the consumer because the producer only sees the commodity according to the work that he put in to produce it while the consumer values the commodity at face value since they are unaware of what kind of labor went into producing it. Marx's theory reveals a society that is formed out of and run by commodities. ...
Download paper


Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim were both observers of their societies, having many ideas as to how societies evolve and how citizens fit into their surroundings. According to Marx, "People value objects that they can use, and most things people can use are produced through human labor" (Tucker)…
Author : schusterkailyn

Related Essays

Karl Marx Essay
The observations of Marx and Engels led to their work, which is a critique of capitalism....
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber
In this section we discuss major contributions of Weber to sociological theory. Weber is well known for his theory of bureaucracies,1 today each and every organization has adopted this structure, Weber highlighted the character of the ideal type of bureaucracy, in his theory he stated that an ideal type is characterized by specialization, hierarchical organization of offices and individuals, explicit rules, impersonality in the organization and finally the reward system is based on merit....
8 pages (2008 words) Essay
Ideas and Influence of Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim
He said that in these two groups there is conflict of interest as they have to define how a society has to be constructed. (Karl, 1989, pp, 78)...
6 pages (1506 words) Essay
Karl Marx
In the capitalist economy, Marx maintained that the worker was isolated from their labor, the product of their labor, and the conditions of their labor; that this isolation made it impossible for the worker to utilize their natural productive capacity. Marx particularly questions features of the capitalist economy such as the class system and currency. He maintains that history is the product of an ongoing struggle between masters and slaves; carried on between the bourgeois and the workers during the lifetime of Marx. Similarly, Marx identifies money as a force destructive to the worker's...
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Karl Marx: A Research Paper
Marx familiarized and became a proponent of the philosophy of the then-prominent Young Hegelians, an intellectual society whose primary focus was the application of Hegel's dialectical method. The group produced radical critiques of religion, Christianity in particular. (Blunden)...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Philosophy of Karl Marx
Requisite for Marx's conclusions is first an explanation of human nature itself. The nature of a living being is first broken down into two understandings. The first understanding is of the individual being itself, on its own. This focuses on what kind of species the being actually is, whether it is a tree, ant, bird, or a human being, and what physical attributes and needs that being needs to fulfill its own existence. This need to fulfill physical and material needs and advance existence is what Marx ultimately means when he discusses production, whether on the microcosm level of a man or...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!