He studied the child's mind, which he believed is evolutionary and grows and develops as the child grows and develops.
Vygotsky (n.d.) quotes Piaget (1932) in his statements, "Directed thought is conscious, i.e., it pursues aims that are present in the mind of the thinker. It is intelligent, i.e., it is adapted to reality and strives to influence it. It is susceptible of truth and of error ... and it can be communicated
through language. Autistic thought is subconscious, i.e., the goals it pursues and the problems it sets itself are not present in consciousness. It is not adapted to external reality but creates for itself a reality of imagination or dreams. It tends, not to establish truths, but to gratify wishes and remains strictly individual and incommunicable as such by means of language, since it operates primarily in images and must, in order to be communicated, resort to roundabout methods, evoking, by means of symbols and of myths, the feelings that guide it."
Theory One suggest that infants and children are taught, or should solely be taught, in order to learn. This is the traditional way of learning. The teacher teachers while passive students/learners repeat the information that the teacher has relayed. Students do not play an active part in the learning process.
Theory Two suggests th