StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Anarchism - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Anarchism

He attended the local school but was primarily self-educated at the town's public library. Proudhon, was among the inventors of socialism, along wih Marx, Bakunin, Blanqui, Blanc, Herzen, Lassalle and Engles. Of these, Proudhon had the profoundest effect upon the workers' movement in the 19th century and his ideas influenced some of the most notable later anarchists, including both Tolstoy and Bakunin, both of whom knew Proudhon personally. Indeed, throughout his life Proudhon acquired and kept a remarkable collection of friends, and as his notoriety spread, acquaintances. Before Proudhon, the word 'anarchist' had been exclusively used as a derogatory epithet to be flung at one's political opponents. Proudhon was the first person to adopt the label with enthusiasm. He denounced the 'government of man by man' as 'oppression,' and in its place advocated a society based on 'equality, law, independence, and proportionality' which 'finds its highest perfection in the union of order with anarchy.' He defined 'anarchy' as 'the absence of a master, of a sovereign,' and envisaged a society in which 'the sovereignty of the will yields to the sovereignty of reason. For Proudhon: " Capital in the political field is analogous to "government". The economic idea of capitalism, the politics of government or of authority and the theological idea of the Church are three identical ideas, linked in various ways. To attack one of them is equivalent to attacking all of them. What capital does to labor, and the State to liberty, the Church does to the spirit. This trinity of absolutism is as baneful in practice as it is in philosophy. The most effective means for oppressing the people would be simultaneously to enslave its body, its will and its reason." ("What is Property", Pierre Proudhon 1840, page 23). One exception to this position was his Proudhon's sexism, causing Joseph Dejacque (as well as subsequent anarchists) to attack Proudhon's support for patriarchy as being inconsistent with his anarchist ideas. In his earliest works, Proudhon analyzed the nature and problems of the capitalist economy. While deeply critical of capitalism, he also objected those contemporary socialists who idolized association. In series of commentaries, from "What is Property" (1840) through the posthumously published "Theorie de la properiete" (Theory of Property 1863-64) he declared in turn that "property is theft", "property is impossible", "property is despotism", and "property is freedom". When he said property is theft, he was referring to the landowner or the capitalist who he believed stole the profits from laborers. For Proudhon, the capitalist employee was subordinated, exploited; his permanent condition is one of obedience. In asserting that property is freedom, he was referring not only to the product of an individual's labor, but to the peasant or artisans home and tools of his trade and the income he received by selling his goods. For Proudhon, the only legitimate source of property was labor. Proudhon was remarkably consistent in his thinking about economic issues, but that his rhetoric changed considerably over the years, and that the tactics he adopted in dealing with an understanding of "property" as always somewhat "impossible" shifted slightly. First published in 1840, Proudhon's ...Show more

Summary

Anarchy in a real sense of the word is thinking that perceives any government's behavior to be in a position of a narcissist who looks in the mirror all the time. The opinion that anarchy is a situation where everybody is looting and killing is actually ignorance forced upon the public by media and lack of understanding…
Author : oliver24
Anarchism essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Anarchism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Bakunin: A great thinker or a man of action How did Bakunin shaped anarchism in the 19th century
Bakunin: A great thinker or a man of action? How did Bakunin shaped anarchism in the 19th century? Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin 30 May (1814 – 1876) may have been more known as a revolutionary and an activist but that is not to say that he is not a great thinker.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Anarchism equals chaos: does it
The world has been overwhelmed by the untenable system, thus, a lot of curiosity and war has been witnessed in the society. In the work of Marshall (2010, p.395), anarchy has been defined as a society whereby all men are equal, and the society applies less force and compulsion on the masses.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Can anarchism be a viable political system
There are no rulers neither are there the ruled; therefore people act in their free will based on voluntary cooperation and free association of individuals and groups. It can be a state of disorder and confusion, full of chaos that are created and maintained by status quo, undesirable and very harmful to the minority who are less fortunate.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Introduction to political ideologies
the state (Errico) and support its elimination (The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 14) mainly because of a vast rejection of involuntary or permanent authority (Bakunin, Tucker). Anarchism is defined
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Assess A.J. Simmons's theory of philosophical anarchism. Is it a successful analysis of obligation and legitimacy Why/why not What does the philosophical-anarchist critique tell us about obligation and state authority
This theory refers to certain set of philosophical perceptions on the nature of political society. Anarchists believe in the social and political life in which the state plays no important role. Some anarchist theories completely deny the legitimacy of the state while
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Two cheers for anarchy
an anarchist has; this relates to the reactions that anarchists have towards creativity, knowledge, as well as the common aspects that relate to the lives of people who live a normal and ordinary life. The book highlights the constructive nature of anarchism and poses a
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Theories and ideologies #3
The two ideologies prescribe changes which would make society an ideal place to live in both politically and socio-economically. These prescriptive changes by both ideologies will be discussed below in elaborate details. The paper will also
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Anarchism and revolution
Furthermore, its tenets included opposition to authority or any hierarchical organization involved in human relations. However, such opposition was not limited to the state, but other institutions as well. In retrospect, anarchism was a
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Analysis of the Book Two Cheers of Anarchism
Social disorder in the society can't be contained by cooperation and personal freedom. Coercion can't heal an individual and make a just world. It simply will breed rebellion due to continued perseverance with unjust deeds in the society. This is a recipe for revolution on to such a system. Laws and systems are important in governing a society.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Essay Question 3
However there is a clear difference between anarchism and terrorism. There are two main basic principles of anarchism, which state that all shall be free and equal and that anarchists shall extend mutual aid and solidarity where they can. In the first principle,
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation