To understand the process of literacy acquirement, a look at our own personal literacy experience will be good and rewarding. This will throw light on the typical way humans develop their literacy. We humans share with animals the use of instincts, but humans are unique in their ability to transfer the experience through a process of formal teaching and learning…
The level of literacy that an individual should acquire is a matter of personal choice depending on his or her inclination and the role that he or she will be required to play in society. This offers scope for learning choices with regards to the tools of learning. This compels the teacher to personalize his or her pedagogy to meet the needs of the individual learner in the group.
Training in literacy should be connected to actual use of it in real-time situations. The social context in which we live is democratic and multicultural and literacy training should take into consideration these aspects of our society. A comprehensive literacy assessment should test whether these tasks are fulfilled in actual end product of instruction.
Based on the realization students develop on a dynamic continuum and they have different rates of progress, teaching should be tailor made to suit the needs of individual learner. Dr.Bonnie Campbell Hill has analyzed the levels of achievable benchmarks for different age groups and the level of competencies that students should have in that age. By bringing also the parents as active partners he has reiterated the concept that learning is a social activity that extends beyond the four walls of the classroom. The benchmark books are chosen by Dr.Hill to give the student a chance to relish reading and experience success (Hill, 2001).
Assuming that we have a curriculum that is apt for the American student, the effectiveness of the learning process will depend on the tools of assessment that are employed by the teacher. Standardized tests are inadequate as diagnostic tools. This is because they provide only final answers, record scores in numbers, and are administered to a group. They do not give any clue to the skill of the learner in problem solving. Standardized tests do not accommodate the individual differences of the learners. American society is multi-ethnic and standardized tests do not take into account this aspect of our culture.
According to Wagner, Assessment methods do not need to be major entrepreneurial enterprises, but rather just robust enough to answer key policy questions at the national and local levels (Wagner, 2003). In order to make learning effective the approach should be primarily learner centered. The child, its parents, the community and the need of the American Society for resources should be the main factors of consideration. The education research around the globe has developed what is called the authentic literacy testing movement and
American educators have whole-heartedly embraced this methodology because of its interface with the American reality. One important tool that can deliver results is the student portfolio. In this method learner's activities are documented throughout. These include short paragraphs, essays, longer writing samples as well as collections of student-authored books, videotapes of plays written and produced by the class. This portfolio does not capture a moment of student's performance; it gives a wider view of the stage-by-stage ...
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ntroduction 45 Research Design 45 Sample 47 Data Collection 47 Instrument 49 Entry of Data 49 Classification and Analysis of Data 50 Summary of Research Procedures 52 References 53 Chapter 1: Introduction Background The early childhood knowledge base has expanded considerably in recent years.
Literacy Introduction Literacy is the initial goal sought in normal human development. Being literate would immediately connote being educated and being able to read and write. Literacy is more often than not based on contextual situations with their involved elements based on various factors in any person’s educational development.
American Sentinel University seems to understand the need of the hour and they offer an online course where all the eligible students can enroll themselves. Masters of Science nursing course is very famous among the students who have done the bachelors in nursing or any other health care discipline and are now seeking to get hold of something that can expand their professional exposure and utility in the practical field.
PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVE: At the end of this unit the student should be able have strong abilities of solving problems that relate to electric potential, fields and potential differences. RATIONALE: This unit is taught to expose students to the importance of electricity, how it works and the basics of electricity management so as to prepare them for other concepts in.
A Critical Assessment of Marketing Analysis Tools Background Companies are often challenged externally or internally to examine their positioning in the given marketplace, business or industry. To complement this, a multitude of models and theories have been established (Koch, 2000).
According to an HMI report published in 1977, many comprehensive schools in a survey of eighty-three secondary schools 'restricted the modern language to perhaps 60-80 per cent of the pupils' (DES 1977:4). The report adds, 'By the fourth secondary year (age 14-15 years), a modern language was optional for the majority of pupils: in all types of school visited during the survey, only slightly more than a third of the pupils in this age group were still engaged in such studies' (ibid.: 8).
The seven competencies which are taken up in this module define the essential features of the future effectiveness in leading an organization. Managing self, communication, diversity, ethics, culture, team, and change competencies are essential factors in the achievement of organizational goals (Hellriegel & Slocum )
As the report declares this assessment tool is simple, and it can be used in adult population or elderly patients. It is an easily administered test which measures the patient’s gait and balance. The Tinetti test is scored based on the ability of the patients to perform specific tasks. This tool is a task exam which can be completed for 10-15 minutes.
Assessment tools are instruments that assist nurses with patients’ assessment in order to determine nursing diagnosis. Notably, nursing diagnosis help nurses design a specific care plan for a patient depending on the results of the diagnosis. Moreover,