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Health promotion is considered as a process of enabling people to increase control over and improve their health, and public health professionals are struggling hard to achieve health improvement as the objective of public health actions have now expanded beyond infectious diseases control…
At present human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is posing new challenges before healthcare providers world-wide, even though numerous programs have been formulated to prevent the spread of this disease from the very beginning of its identification. However, the epidemic is yet to be conquered, and, hence, evaluating the cost-effectiveness of various programs is crucial to assess the efficiency of different health interventions for HIV/AIDS prevention that is in operation since detecting the HIV epidemic. Since resources are scarce compared to the health care needs those responsible for allocating resources need to prioritize immediate challenges for getting maximum benefit from any given budget, as the basic aim of any healthcare system is to maximize the health and welfare of the population
Evaluation of any program, policy, or an activity is integral in assessing their effectiveness and anticipated final outcomes, as well as for modeling future strategies of any activity. Though there may be contextual difference in every activity the evaluation techniques applied are similar. However, the research approach should be appropriate to the subject context of the activity to be evaluated and the evaluators must scrutiny the reasons for evaluation and validate available information. ...
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