People from different fields, whether it is field of education, politics or some other field, have taken keen interest in determining the seriousness of crimes.
These surveys have focused on determining the awareness of crime in general public. In this way they have been able to understand the psychology of different people in society about crime.
Some of these surveys are based on asking views about criminal activities from local people and some are based on views from different countries. The different questions that may be asked from people could be about what they think of different crimes and what punishments would they have given if they had the authority to do so. From the answers obtained the surveyors determine seriousness of crime. However there is another issue that must be addressed to determine the seriousness of crime. This issue is of "the circumstances under which the crime took place". There is a big difference between "a crime for pleasure" and "a crime because of extremely harsh conditions".
Many people would think that those who perform offensive activities for pleasure should be given greater punishment as compared to those who have done it because of some helpless conditions. The purpose of the surveys is usually to get the viewpoint of individuals as well as of whole society. The perception about seriousness of a crime varies from place to place. Each culture has its own rules and regulations and hence the punishment given against an offensive action may also vary from place to place. The research about determining the seriousness of crime is taking place for many years. ...
Every society has its own moral values and religious beliefs, therefore it is a possibility that they may differ in view about which crime is a serious one and which is not. Among different kind of crimes, violent offences are considered to be the most dangerous and harmful. Many people argue that the general view of a society about seriousness of a crime is directly affected by the kind of a crime and by the frequency with which that crime has occurred.
It is clear from different studies that the number and type of criminal activities taking place in a specified time period is consistent which means that these activities are undoubtedly occurring frequently. Usually to determine the danger of a crime, surveys are conducted among people living in same society but with different social status. These surveys may be between two altogether different societies. It may also be the cases that, survey of those people is conducted who have emigrated from one place to another. Thus they might be asked about how they feel about change in cultural values of two different countries. As laws and authorities differ from one place to another, immigrants might face problems as their acts might be right according to their own country but they might not be right according to laws and rules of the new country.
Culture is something which describes the beliefs of people, their moral values,, their rules, laws and regulations and other practices that are developed by people to adjust in a society. Thus cultural values and society define the way in which people act and react to different situations. The way, the people react to a situation is dependent on what