Schizophrenia is a severe and chronically disabling brain disease and effects approximately one percent of the world's population. The actual definition of schizophrenia means "split mind", but should not be confused with such indistinct terms as "split" (multiple) personalities…
Negative symptoms: which represent a loss or a decrease in the ability to initiate plans, speak, express emotion, or find pleasure in everyday life. These symptoms are harder to recognise as part of the disorder and can be mistaken for laziness or depression
Cognitive symptoms (or cognitive deficits): which are problems with attention, certain types of memory, and the executive functions that allow us to plan and organise. Cognitive deficits can also be difficult to recognise as part of the disorder but are the most disabling in terms of leading a normal life" (NARSAD, 2006)
It has been reported that "psychiatric researchers at The Zucker Hillside Hospital campus of The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, including NARSAD-supported and affiliated scientists, have uncovered evidence of a gene that appears to influence intelligence" (NARSAD, 2006). This discovery means that the genes that are associated with the cognitive impairment caused by schizophrenic sufferers, has been mapped to the "dysbindin-1 gene (DTNBP1)" (NARSAD, 2006). Dr. Katherine Burdick will be reporting in the May 15 print issue of Human Molecular Genetics, that "a robust body of evidence suggests that cognitive abilities, particularly intelligence, are significantly influenced by genetic factors. Existing data already suggests that dysbindin may influence cognition" (Burdick, 2006).
There is also evidence found by Lipska, Law, Weinberger, Kleinman, (2006) in ...
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“Schizophrenia and Recent Research Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/283494-schizophrenia-and-recent-research.
This paper will shed more light upon this very serious brain disease. This brain disease affects both the sexes but men are more prone to developing it. Schizophrenia comes to light late in the teen ages, it directly affects the functioning of the brain and the patient becomes unusually suspicious of other people, auditory hallucinations become really common amongst patients suffering from Schizophrenia, they start believing that the whole world is conspiring against them and that other people want to harm them severely.
However, at the other plane, certain small limitations can spoil the entire life, make an individual totally unfit for the social realm and confuse others with their abnormal or unconventional behaviors. When our mind can react in what way is the most unpredictable aspect of human body.
The term "schizophrenia" was coined by the Swiss psychiatrist, Eugene Bleuler. He was also the first to describe the symptoms as "positive" or "negative." There is a great deal of debate as to the causes of the disease and several theories are proposed by various researchers.
The researcher states that treatment of schizophrenia has substantially progressed in the last decade. A battery of treatments may be availed of to alleviate symptoms, to enhance quality of life, and to restore productivity and functioning. Treatment options discussed in the essay are related to the clinical phases of schizophrenia today.
Consequently, it is responsible for much of the populations morbidity since it is regularly a continually disabling disorder. It has a frequency of 18 - 20 cases per 100,000 per year. Its climax age of commencement differs for men and women (Gilmore, 2010).
Apart from the serous signs and symptoms, this psychiatric disorder also has an immense impact on the close environment and relatives of the patients, due to its severe nature. The earliest description of schizophrenia is given by a French psychiatrist as a form of dementia
Subsequently, based from National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) statistical record, there are approximately 2.4 million Americans that are affected by this chronic mental illness (The University of Chicago Medical Center,
Understanding the historical origin, cause, risk factors, signs and symptoms, and the latest available treatments for the disease is particularly crucial in that it provides us with a profound knowledge about the nature of the disease; and how it can be prevented and treated.
Among the total cases of schizophrenia disorders, children aged fifteen and below constitute only 4% whereas children under the age of ten represent 0.1-1%. Schizophrenia is a chronic psychiatric disorder not easily diagnosed in its
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