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THINKING SKILLS AND GENERAL MANAGEMENT - Essay Example
Scientific management principles were developed during the early 20th century and continue to be utilized in 21st century management practices, although they have also been modified to suit socio-environmental changes. The principles of systematic quality control and operations research of Taylorism, have manifested into management cybernetics, total quality management and "lean manufacturing" in the post-modern globalized business era.
Finally, a conclusion shall synthesize the main points of the paper and demonstrate the continued use and viability of systematic management in post-modern management practices.
Taylorism is a method of management which was formulated by Fredrick Winslow Taylor in 1911, as in the title of his monograph The Principles of Scientific Management, which aimed to enhance labor productivity and manufacturing efficiency (Zahir, Themistocleous, & Love, 2003). Taylor's background as an industrial engineer in the USA later earned him the title of the "Father of Scientific Management" (Schroeder, 2003). He analyzed worker's behaviors across industries he was involved in and determined that "One Best Way" could achieve a higher rate of production that was standardized and so cut costs to the company. He also develop a time and motion study wherein he broke down each job in a manufacturing process into its component elements and measured the duration of each component to a hundredth of a minute. This reduced the number of movements or actions that a worker needed to make in order to perform each component of the overall job. ...