Before examining these pros and cons, it might be useful to examine how English came to be one of the most commonly used languages in the world. Historically, this language came into Britain from northern Europe during the fifth century and moved to the Asian, African and American continents with the expeditions and colonizations that followed in the last three centuries. English was left behind as a legacy in the colonized countries as they became independent nations, and was often made the official language of communication.
With the rise of technology, especially the media in the form of the radio, television and the internet, the dissemination of English became reinforced. Not only the media but trade became truly globalized with the rise of off-shoring and outsourcing made possible with better technology . The rise of multinational companies and corporations and international organizations like UNESCO enhanced the need of a global language. English was there to readily fill in the gap, with its already existing spread and flexibility.
Since English was already present in various places like India and Africa as a result of former colonization, it was easier for the language to spread further. English has been touted time and again as a language that could successfully eliminate the need for translation during communication in business, political, and cultural contexts. It has a huge vocabulary of more than 80,000 words which makes it very expressive, and the written script is similar to that of many European languages because of a common origin in Latin.
But the increasing use of English in countries with different native languages has an effect of diminishing the status of these indigenous languages. This is even more significant given the history of the English language which was earlier seen as a symbol of colonial oppression in many countries, and is seen today in many countries as a demonstration of the superiority of the West. In some quarters it is felt that the use of English as an official language instead of a native tongue is detrimental to a country's national and cultural identity.
Due to its global nature in an increasingly shrinking world, English is fast becoming the language of commercial and formal communications . This makes it an economically viable language to learn in many developing countries where knowing fluent English can actually lead to increased earning opportunities. This strong economic incentive behind learning English could lead to the relinquishment of native tongues, leading to entire languages dying out.
Another factor that could cause a language to decline is a decline in its literature. There is a growing trend of non-native authors writing in English: Indian or African writers writing in English are becoming quite common. It is a well-documented fact that all authors with very few exceptions have their best literary output in one language alone. If most literature begins to be produced in English, even by authors who have a different mother tongue, it would be a great loss to their original languages.
When languages decline, they take with them rare and precious cultural traditions. This raises fears of loss of cultural diversity which is so vital to the evolution of mankind. Experts think that a uniform world where all cultures and literatures would be similar could become a future scenario
In the twenty-first century one sees an increasing prevalence of the English language. So much so that it is one of the five languages most spoken in the world: it is present on all the continents either as a native, second or third language. About 500 million to a billion people are estimated English speakers today either as a first or second language…
The personal histories of people and communities or countries, on wider level, shape their attitudes towards this language as many people experience to learn and speak English. English has greatly impacted social, political and cultural life of the postcolonial communities and people from all over the world value it as it opens ways to international market.
From the research, it can be comprehended that a major portion of the working class from the underdeveloped countries is working in the developed countries, such as America, England, and Canada. In all of these countries, English is the language, which is used in every social, political, and professional matter.
Since global warming is one topic that is being discussed more and more, the media is also trying its best to propagate every form of link that is attached with this phenomenon. It is a fact that global warming has been able to play a very significant role within the time and age of today and the role of the media has been abysmal to state the least.
It is an expression of intelligibility. Nations gain a sense of positive competition with other countries in lieu of cooperation for “one world” globalization. In this context a far more ideal world would be that with one unifying form of language. The world also views language as form of identity (Crystal, 1997).
As the world is reduced into a global village, an increase in demand of a mode of communication is well understood and has the capacity to reach the end of the world. This need is cultivated by economic and political structures that require common language to propagate ideas and development.
4), by around 1.5 billion who are fluent or competent in English (Crystal 2003, pg. 6). For 380 million, it is a first language, for 150 to 1,000 million a second (Wikipedia 2005). With hundreds of dialects--32 in the UK alone-(Gordon 2005) and ranking between 3 and 4 as a native language and 2 overall, as a native and second-language speakers' medium (Wikipedia 2005), then, English has taken on official and even global status.
It is a first language for 380 million, and a second language for 150 to 1,000 million (Wikipedia 2005). English has definitively taken on the status of the lingua franca of the world to some degree or the other.
A digression to explain the terms we have mentioned is in order.
According to the report to be born a native speaker of English provides an individual with an immeasurable advantage in life. The world has never stopped singing its praises. In fact, we could hardly find any corner of the earth untouched by English, which has undoubtedly become the unwritten code of communication at an international level.
is principle is aware that historically: developed countries have released more gases; rich nations, therefore, face the greatest responsibility for action to deal with climatic change; and rich nations therefore have to supporting growing nations in adapting through technology