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Political change in the third world - Essay Example

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Political change in the third world

In spite of all such allegations previous BJP lead coalition government had elected A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the President of India irrespective of religion and race. Both print and electronic media is very active and they have full freedom of expression in India. They never miss any chance to criticize the communal thoughts of political institutions. In conclusion, the citizens of India support heavily the 'secularism' element of the Constitution which always guides India's political institutions to be secular.
Answer: National Liberation Front ruled Algeria for three decades after independence from France in 1962. During this period under President Houari Boumedienne Algeria accomplished some positive economic development due to strategic economic planning by the state controlled centralized public sector and economic institutions. After 1979, the disadvantage of development strategy started appearing, including corruption in administration, continuous inflation, inequality of income, poor performance in agricultural sector, food scarcity and imbalance in economic structure. As a result the nation faced civil unrest by Islamist militants and worst economic crises. In this situation the stubborn government and their failed development strategy give rise to the strong Islamist movement. Chadli Benjedid, the successor of Boumedienne after his death made the political and economic situation even more badly. Political conservatism and unfavorable attitude of workers and managers of public sectors halted the economic reforms. In October 1988, major youth riots led to the worst political crises ever. As a result due to Islamist movement Islamic Salvation Front became stronger and politically active in Algeria.

3. What was the Biafra War and why did it break out
Answer: The Nigerian Federation was divided into three major ethnic groups: the Yoruba, Ibo, and Hausa/Fulani. European used these three major ethnic groups to divide Africa among themselves. As a result of tension caused by other groups the Ibos and other minority ethnic groups which were collectively known as the Biafrans demanded independence from Nigerian Federation. To control oil reserves and access to the Atlantic Ocean in the southern Niger Delta the Hausa/Fulani refused to grant independence to the Biafrans which made the situation more worse. Junior Ibo officers had overthrown Tafawa Balewa's government in January 1966, after the military coup. The ministers that survived after the coup appointed Major-General Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi, an Ibo, the head of government. As a result the Biafra War broke out with anti-Ibo riots by the Muslims on Ibo people in the north Nigeria, which caused a massacre in September of 1967.

4. What was distinctive about the features and legacies of Japanese colonialism
Answer: Japanese colonialism in North and South Korea is only one of its kinds in the world. In comparison with the colonialism of England and Ireland, the Japanese colonialism is appreciated because of its program of colonial industrialization. In 1945, about 25% of Japanese industrial plants were based in Korea. Japan had established heavy industrial plants, network of railroads, system of hydro-electric dams and ports around the Yalu River. Japanese also formed a strong central government to ...Show more


Answer: Indian Constitution itself is based on secularism. India is not governed by the religious backed institutions and federations. By the Constitution and in law the Indian citizens are free and equal irrespective of religion, race, language, caste, color and sex…
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