Within the past decade the incidents of childhood obesity has risen to almost epidemic proportions. Much of this can be attributed to poor dietary content as well as the lack of physical activity among children. In fact, within many schools, there has been an abandonment of recess in favor of a stronger academic curriculum…
Obese children also are at increased risk for dyslipidemia, both increased low-density lipoprotein levels and decreased high-density lipoprotein levels (Leung & Robson, 1990). Longitudinal data from the Bogolusa Heart Study indicates a significant risk for developing type 2 diabetes for obese adolescents (Srinivasan, Bao, Wattigney, & Berenson, 1996). Among those who were obese as adolescents, 2.4% had developed type 2 diabetes by the age of 30 compared to none in the non-obese population. The detrimental health effects of obesity are pervasive and enduring. Strauss (1999) reported that being an obese adolescent predicted early mortality even more consistently than obesity in adulthood.
The complications related to obesity in youths are not limited to physical health. Obesity in adolescents also has been associated with fewer years of education, higher poverty, lower marriage rates and lower family income (Dietz, 1997; Maffeis & Tato, 2001). However, evidence for an association between overweight and obesity and low self-esteem are inconsistent. Some studies have found no significant relationship (e.g., Gortmaker, 1993; Renman, Engstrom, Silfverdal, & Aman, 1999), while others find that those children and adolescents who are obese exhibit significantly lower self-esteem than their peers (French, Story, & Perry, 1995). Israel and Ivanova (2002) posit that severity of obesity is related to self-esteem with those more severely obese experiencing the most damage to their self-esteem. This hypothesis has been validated in the findings among clinical populations where self-esteem has been significantly related to obesity status (Rumpel & Harris, 1994). The most consistently replicated psychosocial outcomes for obesity relate to negative body image (Israel & Ivanvova, 2002). In addition, clinically significant problems with memory functioning and learning abilities have been found among overweight children. These deficits are seemingly the result of sleep apnea, which has been reported at rates as high as 94% among samples of obese children (Brenner, Kelly, Wenger, Brich, & Morrow, 2001).
5.2 Overview of the proposed program
In light of the pressing and prevalent problems posed by obesity, the researcher has proposed a cardiovascular risk reduction program which aims at assessing the health behaviors of elementary school children and impacting changes on both a school level and individual level. On the school level, the program aims to decrease the fat and sodium content of the lunch received by elementary students during the course of the school day while simultaneously increasing the level of physical activity among those students. On an individual level, the proposed program aims to first and foremost decrease the level of cholesterol in the blood of the students while secondarily impacting psychosocial changes through mandatory self-reporting as well as behavior modification for aversive health maintenance behavior. Essentially, this proposed program examines the efficacy of school and home-based interventions in impacting changes in children's behavior and promotes a lifestyle that will reduce their risk of heart disease. This program will target both the ...
Cite this document
(“Health Promotion and Health Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287067-health-promotion-and-health-education
(Health Promotion and Health Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“Health Promotion and Health Education Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/287067-health-promotion-and-health-education.
According to the paper different people have different perceptions about being healthy. It is very commonly believed that being in perfect shape and beautiful means being healthy, and to stay healthy one needs to eat nutritious food, do exercise and stay clean. The main factors that lead towards state of being unhealthy are poor diet, obesity, pollution, unhygienic conditions, illegal drug usage and lack of exercise.
The main purpose of this essay is to is to discuss the effectiveness of health promotion and health education in regard to child obesity.Currently there is an increase in the prevalence of obesity among children and due to its adverse health effects; it is now considered as a serious public health concern
It is reported that about 45% of the US population is known to have one or more chronic illness and this illness account for 78% of all health care spending. It is evident that women of the age group 65- 85 relates to 80% of the chronic condition whereas only 33% of men of that age are known to have chronic illness
"Health promotion and prevention should be central to any transformations of the health care system". (Pender, N. J., 2003). Nursing was mainly concerned with disease treatment in the past. With the new idea of health promotion model, health was given importance on the basis of health education and health promotion from individualized information giving and disease treatment to participatory forms which are based on equity.
According to Roper, Logan, and Tierney model, nursing is a biopsychosocial way where in practice, the nurses are supposed to take measures that help patients to find their own way of adapting to the necessary changes. If existing health behaviour is deviation from normal, this adaptation will need change of behaviour.
These can be achieved through such methods as leaflets, posters, magazines, newspapers, the internet, keep fit and slimming classes and campaigns such as 'Cycle to work campaign' or 'Campaigns against phone masts'. Most promotion material is geared towards particular target groups such as teenagers, middle aged men, children, OAPs and pregnant women.
According to Catford and Nutbeam (1984), health education "seeks to improve or protect health through voluntary changes in behaviour as a consequence of learning opportunities", and can include personal education and development, and mass media information and education (38).
The World Health Organization (WHO), Health Promotion, defines Health Promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and improve their health (WHO, 2014). The World Health Organization has a wide range of health focus that goes beyond behavior and lifestyle changes.
The most common inherited disease is the sickle-cell anemia, which is caused by disorders that affect the hemoglobin. The disease is common among individuals whose lineage come from Mediterranean countries, Africa and Spanish- speaking
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic Health Promotion and Health Education for FREE!