It also tries to explain why the impairment could cause difficulties and the consequences for the individuals of these difficulties and finds ways in which these difficulties might be reduced or overcome.
Occupational performance can be defined as the ability of a person to perform tasks for the purpose of carrying out her/his occupational roles in a satisfying manner. The importance of analyzing functional performance is of crucial importance to occupational therapy. The assessment of an individual's / group or populations' level of functioning is very important in planning an occupational therapy for an individual. Occupational therapists take into account the many types of occupations humans might engage, sort them into categories called 'areas of occupation'
Let's look at the various performance roles first: Occupational performance roles are patterns of behavior in different kinds of occupation in ones daily life i.e. self-maintenance, productivity, leisure and rest. The roles are determined by individual's physical, mental and spiritual conditions and her/his relationship with external environment.
Biomechanical components refer to the operation and interaction of and between physical structures of the body during task performance. This can include range of motion, muscle strength, grasp, muscular and cardiovascular endurance, circulation, elimination of body waste. From the perspective of the task or sub-task, this component refers to the biomechanical attributes of the task; for example, size, weight, dimension and location of objects.
Sensory-Motor Performance Component refers to the operation and interaction of and between sensory input and motor responses of the body during task performance.
Cognitive Performance Component: refers to the operation and interaction of and between mental processes used during task performance.
Intrapersonal Performance Component: refers to the operation and interaction of and between internal psychological processes used during task performance.
Interpersonal Performance Component refers to the continuing and changing interaction between a person and others during task performance that contributes to the development of the individual as a participant in society.
Elements of Occupational Performance are the body, mind and spirit. The Occupational Performance Model (Australia) acknowledges that together these core elements of human existence form the human body, the human brain, the human mind, the human consciousness of self and the human awareness of the universe (Popper, 1981)
Body Element: The tangible physical components of human structure consists the body element.
Mind Element: the basic intellectual component of an individual is called the Mind element
Spirit Element: is defined loosely as that aspect of humans which seeks a sense of harmony within self and between self, nature, others and in some cases an ultimate other; seeks an existing mystery to life; inner conviction; hope and meaning.
As stated earlier the areas on which occupational performances are observed are Self-maintenance, productivity, leisure and rest.
Self-Maintenance Occupations are regular tasks and sub-tasks done by an
Abstract: It describes the Basic understanding of the nature and purpose of occupational performance according to Occupational Therapy practice framework (AOTA2002) and the International classification of functions; its relevance to the human health and function…
They engage in social activities, economic activities and all the other processes that are of the service to the interest of the individuals and others in the society. By engaging in some occupation, an individual is able to interact positively with the environment.
The author describes that the data set involves a sample of 15 with data on grip and arm strength, performance ratings on physically demanding jobs and SIMS performance. Variable name “Grip” refers to grip strength, variable name “Arm” refer to arm strength, variable name “Rating” refer to ratings on a physically-demanding job.
Occupational therapy aims to improve a person's productivity and usefulness in spite of any physical dysfunction of psychosocial disorder. On a personal note, occupational therapy is beneficial for people who underwent surgery, stroke or any other medical disorders and would want to be able to do their activities of daily living with minimal supervision and maximum adaptation to their current condition.
The areas of performance which may need development are strong-minded by the enduring and the psychoanalyst together. Occupational therapist use focused behavior as their action techniques and goals. Occupational therapy conducts are not incomplete to areas of labor or job preparation.
Consequently, it demands a creative and eclectic approach to treatment. Certain media and specific occupations and certain theories (developmental) are a "natural" for working with DID though others can be utilized, in particular when working with alters in addition to the host personality.
To achieve these ends, the professional practice of occupational psychology embraces many areas of psychology, among them personnel management, time and stress management, industrial health and safety, applied and industrial psychology, and ergonomics. The content or subject matter is thus drawn from a wide variety of fields, including psychology, sociology, business administration, economics, industrial engineering, systems engineering, human resource management, and organizational behavior study (Nichols, 2004).
The present study efficiency reflects in its systematic search of the literature, a methodological quality appraisal and the scientific focus of data for analysis and discussion.The Database that were accessed on-line via the Internet were AHMED (allied health focus),ASSIA (social science focus),PUBMED (medical focus),CINAHL (allied health focus), ERIC (educational focus) and MEDLINE (medical focus).
Nevertheless, within practice settings and specialty areas there are varying representations of occupational therapy practice and different aspects of the OT process may take priority. Occupational therapy aims to improve a person’s productivity and usefulness in spite of any physical dysfunction of psychosocial disorder.
Hence innovative and effective ways for handling the problem of occupational stress have gained importance in the recent days as it is affecting every industries as well as the society as a whole. (Occupational stress, 2011) However level of occupational stress varies among