Two short story classics, "Paul's Case", written by Willa Cather at the beginning of the twentieth century, and "The Lottery", by Shirley Jackson in 1948, explore the effects of conforming to Society's expectations, and the expectations we place on ourselves…
Shirley Jackson and Willa Cather develop the setting of their respective stories to help us understand the environmental forces influencing the characters, drawing upon these forces to show us the power, and influence of society's expectations of our lives. Jackson uses an unknown time and place, which allows the reader to visualize a very old, brutal ritual as if it were occurring in the present. (Jackson) Conversely Cather's story of a delusional boy occurs in a specific city, Pittsburgh, between the years 1900 and 1910, when industries were growing. This almost unregulated growth created a rich and powerful segment of society in America. It is this wealthy class that Paul most identifies with, but is unable to become a part of through the normal course of his life. (Cather)
Like Cather, Jackson uses the death of ordinary people to emphasize the impact of the major themes of her stories. Though both use different themes to create an emotional connection for the reader, it is each character's death that conveys the emotional message of the writers.. In "Paul's Case", The American Dream is the predominate theme. Cather places the reader in a middle class neighborhood. It is through listening to the resident's stories about the life of luxury enjoyed by their rich bosses that Paul becomes obsessed with this lifestyle. ...
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Shirley Jackson has been a powerful author, and her work has received great attention from literally critics in the past years. The author uses exciting atmosphere that brings the readers into society that is totally different from their own.
This lottery is not an ordinary one and it results in the death of one villager every year. It is basically a tradition that is followed in the village since years and this lottery does not serve to provide for cash prizes but rather the winner of this lottery is stoned to death.
As the topic of her story is concentric upon the sacrificial offering of an individual before what can only be described as an ordered but cold-hearted crowd demanding a sacrifice to be made in order to fulfill some type of a quota, the reader can quickly infer that the allegorical nature of the story adequately represents those of ancient sacrificial rites that were oftentimes conducted in order to secure fertility or a bountiful harvest for early civilizations.
Abani is a Nigeria writer who currently lives in the USA after he fled Nigeria owing to political persecution because of his writings most which were political critics and satires, who escaped from death row and moved to United Kingdom and later US. Jackson on the other hand was writer in the US whose life was marred with social problems arising from an abusive childhood and as an adult she was rumored to have dabbled in witchcraft and magic accusations which served to stigmatize and depress her.
The sheer barbarity of the act leaves the reader horrified. An apparently incomplex plot, the story derives its power from its conclusion, which catches the reader unaware. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate how skillfully the author amalgamates various literary elements to produce tremendous shock at the end and dupe the reader all along by its deadpan narrative tone.
In the first level of immaturity, one thinks that he/she is right and the world is wrong. The second level begins when the same person begins to think that the world is right and he/she is wrong. It is only at the final level of maturity that one realizes that both, the world and the individual, are right in their own ways.
In writing her story, the author has used several stylistic devices like dialogue to make the reader understand the annual social event, which seems to make every town person jovial leaving the reader in a
Author uses tradition, rituals, and social class division as her major themes in “The Lottery.” Author presents suburban settings for her story which has been modeled after the Vermont community mentioned in the story.
I barely even noticed I was reading a story because of how well she wrote and made me believe in the story.
Because of all the news today about black people being killed by police officers, this story really gave me the chills. Although of course in this story what is
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